نوسا تنگارا الشرقية

East Nusa Tenggara

Nusa Tenggara Timur
Kelimutu Banner.jpg
Nature in Florès.jpg
Boa Beach, Rote Ndao Regency, East Nusa Tenggara - panoramio.jpg
Labuan bajo.jpg
Komodo Flores Schiffsübernachtung.jpg
BilanSina1.jpg
Pulau Kukusan flores.jpg
From top, left to right : Kelimutu, Nature in Flores, Boa Beach in Rote Ndao Regency, Labuan Bajo, view of Komodo Island, Dancers in Watublapi in traditional costume, Kukusan Island in Flores
Flag of East Nusa Tenggara
Flag
Official seal of East Nusa Tenggara
Seal
Location of East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
Location of East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia
الإحداثيات: 10°11′S 123°35′E / 10.183°S 123.583°E / -10.183; 123.583الإحداثيات: 10°11′S 123°35′E / 10.183°S 123.583°E / -10.183; 123.583
Country Flag of Indonesia.svg اندونيسيا
Established December 17, 1958
Capital Lambang Kota Kupang.jpg Kupang
الحكم
 • الهيئة East Nusa Tenggara Regional Government
 • Governor Frans Lebu Raya (PDI-P)
 • Vice Governor Benny Alexander Litelnoni
المساحة
 • الإجمالية 47٬245٫82 كم² (18٬241٫71 ميل²)
ترتيب المساحة 13th
أعلى ارتفاع (Mount Mutis) 2٬458 m (8٬064 ft)
التعداد(2014 Estimate)[1]
 • الإجمالي 5٬070٬746
 • الترتيب 12th
 • الكثافة 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Atoni or Dawan (22%)
Manggarai (15%)
Sumba (12%)
Belu (9%)
Lamaholot (8%)
Rote (5%)
Lio (4%)[2]
 • Religion Roman Catholicism (57.14%)
Protestantism (35.74%)
Islam (5.05%)
Other (3%)[3]
 • Languages Indonesian, Kupang Malay, Lamaholot, Uab Meto, Bunak, Tetum
منطقة التوقيت Indonesia Central Time (التوقيت العالمي المنسق+8)
Postcodes 80xxx, 81xxx, 82xxx
Area codes (62)3xx
ISO 3166 code ID-NT
Vehicle sign DH (Timor), EB (Flores, Alor, Lembata), ED (Sumba)
HDI 0.631 (Medium)
HDI rank 32nd (2016)
Largest city by area Kupang - 26.18 square kilometres (10.11 sq mi)
Largest city by population Kupang - (336,239 - 2010)
Largest regency by area East Sumba Regency - 7,000.50 square kilometres (2,702.91 sq mi)
Largest regency by population South Central Timor Regency - (441,155 - 2010)
الموقع الإلكتروني Government official site

مقاطعة نوسا تنگارا الشرقية هي إحدى مقاطعات إندونسيا. It has a total area of 47,245.82 km2, and the population at the 2010 Census was 4,683,827; the latest official estimate in January 2014 was 5,070,746. The provincial capital is Kupang on West Timor.

The province consists of more than 500 islands, the three largest being Flores, Sumba, and the western half of Timor (West Timor). The eastern part of Timor is the independent country of East Timor.

East Nusa Tenggara is the only province in Indonesia where Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion. Nusa Tenggara Timur, in Indonesian, means "eastern southeastern islands"; compare to Nusa Tenggara Barat, which means "western southeastern islands" where Lombok and Sumbawa are located.

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History

After the declaration of Indonesian independence in 1945, the eastern part of Indonesia declared the State of East Indonesia.[4] The state was further included in the United States of Indonesia as part of the agreement with the Dutch contained in the transfer of its sovereignty to Indonesia in 1949.

In 1950, United States of Indonesia dissolved itself into a unitary state and began to divide its component area into provinces. In 1958, by Indonesian law (Undang-Undang) No. 64/1958, three provinces were established in the Lesser Sunda Islands, namely Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara.[5] The area of East Nusa Tenggara province included the western part of Timor island, Flores, Sumba and other several small islands in the region. The province was sub-divided into twelve regencies and the City of Kupang, which had regency-level status.[6]

Following the fall of the Suharto regime in 1998 and the passage of a new regional autonomy law, there was a dramatic proliferation (known as pemekaran) of regional governments across Indonesia (at both provincial and regency level). Several new regencies were created in East Nusa Tenggara by the division of existing regencies:

Therefore, as of early 2013, there were twenty-one regencies plus the one autonomous city (Kupang) in the province.


الجغرافيا

Located in the east of Lesser Sunda Islands, East Nusa Tenggara faces the Indian Ocean in the south and Flores Sea in the north. The province is bordered by other provinces, West Nusa Tenggara in the west. In the east, the province is bordered by East Timor and southern part of Maluku.

Komodo, one of the small islands in this province.

The province consists of about 566 islands, the largest and most dominant are Flores, Sumba, and the western part of Timor. The other is smaller islands include Adonara, Alor, Komodo, Lembata (formerly called Lomblen), Menipo, Raijua, Rincah, Rote Island (the southernmost island in Indonesia), Savu, Semau, and Solor. The highest point in the province is Mount Mutis in the South Central Timor Regency, 2,427 meters above sea level.[10]

Closer look to the islands of East Nusa Tenggara

Administrative divisions

The province is divided into twenty-one regencies and one city. These are listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and at the latest (2014) estimates:[11]

Name Statute
(including year
when established)
Area
(km2)
Population
2010 Census
Population
2014
estimate[11]
Capital HDI[12]
2014 estimate
Alor Regency
(Alor Archipelago)
UU 69/1958 2٬864٫60 190٬026 205٬724 Kalabahi 0.580 (Low)
East Flores Regency
(Flores Timur)
(includes Adonara and Solor)
UU 69/1958 1٬813٫20 232٬605 251٬820 Larantuka 0.604 (Medium)
East Manggarai Regency
(Manggarai Timur)
UU 36/2007 2٬642٫93 252٬744 273٬623 Borong 0.565 (Low)
Ende Regency UU 69/1958 2٬046٫50 260٬605 282٬133 Ende 0.652 (Medium)
Lembata Regency
(Lomblen)
UU 52/1999 1٬266٫00 117٬829 127٬563 Lewoleba 0.614 (Medium)
Manggarai Regency UU 69/1958 2٬096٫44 292٬451 316٬610 Ruteng 0.600 (Medium)
Nagekeo Regency UU 2/2007 1٬416٫96 130٬120 140٬869 Mbay 0.627 (Medium)
Ngada Regency UU 69/1958 1٬645٫88 142٬393 154٬156 Bajawa 0.646 (Medium)
Sikka Regency UU 69/1958 1٬731٫90 300٬328 325٬137 Maumere 0.613 (Medium)
West Manggarai Regency
(Manggarai Barat)
(includes Komodo and Rinca)
UU 8/2003 2٬397٫03 221٬703 240٬017 Labuan Bajo 0.596 (Low)
Northern (Flores) group 19٬921٫44 2٬140٬804 2٬317٬652
Central Sumba Regency
(Sumba Tengah)
UU 3/2007 1٬868٫74 62٬485 67٬647 Waibakul 0.576 (Low)
East Sumba Regency
(Sumba Timur)
UU 69/1958 7٬000٫50 227٬732 246٬544 Waingapu 0.620 (Medium)
Southwest Sumba Regency
(Sumba Barat Daya)
UU 16/2007 1٬480٫46 284٬903 308٬438 Tambolaka 0.599 (Low)
West Sumba Regency
(Sumba Barat)
UU 69/1958 709٫90 111٬993 120٬162 Waikabubak 0.609 (Medium)
Southwestern (Sumba) group 11٬059٫60 687٬113 742٬791
Kupang City 26٫18 336٬239 364٬014 Kupang 0.775 (High)
Belu Regency UU 69/1958 2٬445٫60 352٬297 381٬399 Atambua 0.597 (Low)
Kupang Regency UU 69/1958 5٬434٫76 304٬548 329٬706 Oelmasi 0.616 (Medium)
Malaka Regency 2012 included in
Belu Regency
included in
Belu Regency
included in
Belu Regency
Betun 0.569 (Low)
North Central Timor Regency
(Timor Tengah Utara)
UU 69/1958 2٬669٫70 229٬803 248٬786 Kefamenanu 0.604 (Medium)
Rote Ndao Regency UU 9/2002 1٬280٫00 119٬908 129٬813 Baa 0.578 (Low)
Sabu Raijua Regency Oct.
2008
460٫54 72٬960 78٬987 West Savu 0.525 (Low)
South Central Timor Regency
(Timor Tengah Selatan)
UU 69/1958 3٬947٫00 441٬155 477٬598 Soe 0.594 (Low)
Southeastern (Timor) group 16٬264٫78 1٬856٬910 2٬010٬303


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Provincial Government

Below is a list of Governors who have held office in the East Nusa Tenggara.

الديمغرافيا

التعداد التاريخي
Year Pop. ±%
1971 2٬295٬287 —    
1980 2٬737٬166 +19.3%
1990 3٬268٬644 +19.4%
1995 3٬577٬472 +9.4%
2000 3٬952٬279 +10.5%
2010 4٬683٬827 +18.5%
المصدر: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

السياحة

تنين كومودو هو نوع ضخم من السحالي يعيش في المحافظة
أحد بحيرات فوهات البراكين الخامدة في كليموتو
منزل سومباني تقليدي في West Sumba


الهامش

  1. ^ Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010 Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 17 January 2011 (إندونيسية)
  2. ^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003 
  3. ^ 2008 estimate Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Statute of Staatsblad No. 143, 1946.
  5. ^ Government of Indonesia (11 August 1958), Establishment of the First-level Administrative Regions of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 64/1958, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+58&f=uu64-1958.htm, retrieved on 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  6. ^ Government of Indonesia (9 August 1958), Establishment of the Second-level Administrative Regions under the First-level Administrative Region of Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 69/1958, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+58&f=uu69-1958.htm, retrieved on 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  7. ^ Government of Indonesia (4 October 1999), Establishment of Lembata Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 52/1999, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=1900+99&f=uu52-1999.htm, retrieved on 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  8. ^ Government of Indonesia (10 April 2002), Establishment of Rote-Ndao Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 9/2002, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=2000+2&f=uu9-2002.pdf, retrieved on 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  9. ^ Government of Indonesia (25 February 2003), Establishment of West Manggarai Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province (in Indonesian ed.), Indonesia Ministry of Law and Justice, UU No. 8/2003, http://www.djpp.depkumham.go.id/incl-php/buka.php?d=2000+3&f=uu8-2003.pdf, retrieved on 2007-08-24 [dead link]
  10. ^ "The Meto People on Mutis Mountain". Travel Destination Indonesia. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  11. ^ أ ب Estimasi Penduduk Mennurat Jenis Kelamin dan Provinsi di Indonesia Tahun 2014.
  12. ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014


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External links

قالب:East Nusa Tenggara