كركيات

Gruiformes
Grúa 004eue.jpg
Crested Crane, Balearica regulorum gibbericeps
التصنيف العلمي
مملكة: الحيوان
Phylum: الحبليات
Class: الطيور
Infraclass: حديثات الفك
Order: Gruiformes
Bonaparte, 1854
Families

Some 5-10 living, see article text.

The polyphyletic order Gruiformes contains a considerable number of living and extinct bird families with little in common. They are morphologically diverse and geographically widespread. Gruiform means "crane-like."


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التصنيف

The enigmatic Kagu may not be a gruiform


المصادر

  • Alvarenga, Herculano M. F. & Höfling, Elizabeth (2003): Systematic revision of the Phorusrhacidae (Aves: Ralliformes). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 43(4): 55-91 PDF fulltext
  • Cracraft, J. (2001) Avian evolution, Gondwana biogeography and the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction event. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268(1466):459-69. PDF fulltext
  • Fain, M. G., & P. Houde (2007) Multilocus perspectives on the monophyly and phylogeny of the order Charadriiformes (Aves). BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:35. PDF fulltext
  • Fain, M.G., C. Krajewski, & P. Houde. (2007) Phylogeny of "core Gruiformes" (Aves: Grues) and resolution of the Limpkin-Sungrebe problem. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 515-529. PDF fulltext
  • Hackett S. J., R. T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R. C. Bowie, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, J. L. Chojnowski, W. A. Cox, K. L. Han, J. Harshman, C. J. Huddleston, B. D. Marks, K. J. Miglia, W. S. Moore, F. H. Sheldon, D. W. Steadman, C. C. Witt, & T. Yuri. (2008) A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320(5884):1763-8. PDF fulltext
  • Houde, P. (2009) Gruiformes. in Timetree of Life (S.B. Hedges and S. Kumar, eds.) Oxford Univ. Press, NY.
  • Morgan-Richards M., Trewick S. A., Bartosch-Härlid A., Kardailsky O., Phillips M. J., McLenachan P. A., Penny D. (2008): Bird evolution: testing the Metaves clade with six new mitochondrial genomes. BMC Evol Biol. 2008 Jan 23;8:20. PDF fulltext
  • Olson, S. L. (1985) The fossil record of birds. Avian biology (D. S. Farner and King, J. R. & K. C. Parkes, eds.) 8: 79-238, Academic Press, Orlando.
  • Olson, S. L., and D. W. Steadman (1981): The relationships of the Pedionomidae (Aves: Charadriformes). Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 337: 1-25.
  • Paton, Tara A. & Baker, Allan J. (2006): Sequences from 14 mitochondrial genes provide a well-supported phylogeny of the Charadriiform birds congruent with the nuclear RAG-1 tree. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(3): 657–667. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.011 (HTML abstract)

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