خليج دلاوير

Delaware Bay
Delaware Bay in Winter from above
Delaware Bay in Winter
Delaware bay map.jpg
Delaware Bay
الاحداثيات 39°04′N 75°10′W / 39.067°N 75.167°W / 39.067; -75.167الإحداثيات: 39°04′N 75°10′W / 39.067°N 75.167°W / 39.067; -75.167[1]
النوع Bay
مساحة السطح 782 square miles (2,030 km2)[2]
ارتفاع السطح 0 feet (0 m)[1]
الاسم الرسمي Delaware Bay Estuary
التعيين 20 May 1992
الرقم المرجعي 559[3]

Delaware Bay is the estuary outlet of the Delaware River on the Northeast seaboard of the الولايات المتحدة. Approximately 782 square miles (2,030 km2) in area,[2] the bay's fresh water mixes for many miles with the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean.

The bay is bordered inland by the States of New Jersey and Delaware, and the Delaware Capes, Cape Henlopen and Cape May, on the Atlantic. The Delaware Bay is bordered by six counties: Sussex, Kent, and New Castle in Delaware, along with Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem in New Jersey. The Cape May–Lewes Ferry crosses the Delaware Bay from Cape May, New Jersey, to Lewes, Delaware. Management of ports along the bay is the responsibility of the Delaware River and Bay Authority.

The shores of the bay are largely composed of salt marshes and mudflats, with only small communities inhabiting the shore of the lower bay. Besides the Delaware, it is fed by numerous smaller rivers and streams, including (from north to south) the Christina River, Appoquinimink River, Leipsic River, Smyrna River, St. Jones River, and Murderkill Rivers on the Delaware side, and the Salem River, Cohansey River, and Maurice Rivers on the New Jersey side. Several of the rivers hold protected status for their salt marsh wetlands bordering the bay, which serves as a breeding ground for many aquatic species, including horseshoe crabs. The bay is also a prime oystering ground.

The Delaware Bay was designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance on May 20, 1992. It was the first site classified in the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.


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انظر أيضا


الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: خليج دلاوير
  2. ^ أ ب Overview of the Delaware River Watershed Archived 2005-01-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Delaware Bay Estuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Delaware

قالب:Ramsar sites in the United States

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