خطوط كونتيننتال الجوية

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
Continental Airlines
Continental Airlines Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
CO COA CONTINENTAL
Founded1931
(as Varney Speed Lines)[1]
Commenced operationsJuly 15, 1934[1]
AOC #CALA014A[2]
Hubs
Frequent-flyer programOnePass
AllianceStar Alliance
SubsidiariesContinental Micronesia
Chelsea Food Services
Fleet size346 excl. subsidiaries
Destinations140 mainline
262 incl. subsidiaries and code-shares
Company sloganWork Hard. Fly Right.
Parent companyUnited Continental Holdings
HeadquartersContinental Center I
Downtown Houston, Texas[3]
Key peopleJeffery A. Smisek
(Chairman and CEO)
Zane Rowe (CFO)
Revenue US$12.5B Billion (FY 2009)[بحاجة لمصدر]
Operating income US$-146 Million (FY 2009)[بحاجة لمصدر]
Net income US$-282 Million (FY 2009)[بحاجة لمصدر]
Total assets US$12.7 Billion (FY 2009)[بحاجة لمصدر]
Total equityDecrease US$105 Million (FY 2008)
Websitewww.continental.com

خطوط كونتيننتال الجوية أو كونتيننتال إيرلاينز بالإنگليزية: Continental Airlines هي شركة الطيران وطنية أمريكية، وتعتبر خطوط كونتيننتال الجوية رابع أكبر شركة طيران في الولايات المتحدة من حيث نسبة الأرباح، تأسست عام 1931، ويقع المقر الرئيسي للشركة في مدينة هيوستن أكبر مدن ولاية تكساس الأمريكية، أما مراكز عملياتها الأساسية فهي مطار كليفلاند هوبكنز الدولي بمدينة كليفلاند بولاية أوهايو، ومطار نيوارك ليبرتي الدولي بمدينة نيوارك بولاية نيو جيرسي، ومركز عملياتها الثالث هو مطار جورج بوش الدولي والذي يقع بمدينة هيوستن بولاية تكساس، تقدم كونتيننتال خدماتها لأكثر من 280 وجهة في أمريكا الشمالية، أمريكا الجنوبية، أوروبا وآسيا، وتقلع للشركة أكثر من 3000 رحلة يومياً من مراكز عملياتها الثلاثة، وبلغ عدد موظفي الشركة في مارس 2007 حوالي 85200 موظف، ومنذ عام 2005 والشركة كانت عضو في تحالف سكاي تيم إلا أنها قررت الإنسحاب منه في يوم 24 أكتوبر 2009 والإنضمام إلى تحالف ستار في اليوم الثاني مباشرة.

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التاريخ

Stewardess and passenger, Mother's Day, 1950
A Douglas DC-7 in flight, 1958
Robert F. Six, in 1969
A Boeing 707 at Los Angeles, 1967
Boeing 737-200 with Continental's 1968–1991 "meatball" logo
Polynesian Pub, 1972
Flight attendant uniforms, 1972
Continental Boeing 747 at Los Angeles in 1987.
Continental DC-10 at Narita Airport, Japan
Frank Lorenzo, Continental CEO, 1981–1990
The America Tower in Neartown Houston, Continental's headquarters from 1983 to 1998
Continental's reemergence from its second bankruptcy was signaled by its taking on the naming rights to New Jersey's Continental Airlines Arena, which it held until 2007
A Continental DC-10
Boeing 757-200 in 1991-current livery
The Boeing 777-200ER, Continental's long-haul flagship[بحاجة لمصدر]
Boeing 777-200ER "Peter Max" (the colorful aircraft) at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas. Downtown Houston is visible in the background. The livery was removed in the winter of 2007–2008
To commemorate Continental's 75th Anniversary, Boeing 737-900ER aircraft N75436 was painted with Continental's mid-50s "Blue Skyways" livery
United Continental Holdings logo


الاندماج مع شركة يونايتد ايرلاينز

Upon completion of United's merger with Continental, the new airline will combine the United name with the Continental logo.
United's new livery on a Continental 737-900 (N53442)

شؤون الشركة والهوية

The Continental Center I at night, with the airline logo displayed, and the KBR Tower
Continental's North Houston Center in the Greenspoint area[4][5]

الوجهات

Continental is the dominant operator at Houston Intercontinental Airport
Continental operates international flights from Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Houston, Texas.

اتفاقيات الرمز المشترك


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الاسطول

Continental Airlines Fleet, September 20, 2010
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers
(First*/Economy)
IFE Notes
Boeing 737-500 34 0 114 (8/106) None
Boeing 737-700 35 41 124 (12/112) Installing DIRECTV®[6]
*See chart below under In-Flight entertainment for details
Star Alliance livery: (N13720)
Boeing 737-800 117
9*
160 (16/144)
155 (14/141)*
Installing DIRECTV®[6]
*See chart below under In-Flight entertainment for details
*Continental Micronesia
9 deliveries scheduled in 2010
Star Alliance livery: (N26210)
Eco-Skies livery: (N76516)
New United livery: (N12238, N17244, N78285, N76519 and N37290

)

Boeing 737-900 12 173 (20/153) All feature DIRECTV®[6]
Boeing 737-900ER 31 173 (20/153) All feature DIRECTV®[6] 75th Anniversary livery: (N75436)
New United livery: (N53442)
Boeing 757-200 41 0 175 (16/159) All equipped with AVOD at each seat Star Alliance livery: (N14120)
26 converted to Flat-Bed BusinessFirst seats
New United livery: (N29124 and N19130)
Boeing 757-300 21 0 216 (24/192) Installing DIRECTV®[6]
*See chart below under In-Flight entertainment for details
Largest operator of the Boeing 757-300.
Retrofitted with blended winglets.
New United livery: (N57855)
Boeing 767-200ER 10 0 174 (25/149) All feature in-seat audio and video, video games, and airshow.
A selection of 17 video channels in BusinessFirst, 9 video channels in Economy, 20 channels of audio and 10 games.
All feature Boeing's signature 777 style interior.
Boeing 767-400ER 12
4*
0 235 (35/200)
256 (20/236)*
All feature in-seat audio, video, video games, and airshow.
A selection of 17 video channels in BusinessFirst, 9 video channels in Economy, 20 channels of audio and 10 games.
*Continental Micronesia
The 12 aircraft currently in the 35/200 configuration will be updated with Flat-Bed BusinessFirst seats starting in 2011.
Boeing 777-200ER 22 2 285 (50/235)
276 (50/226)*
All equipped with AVOD at each seat 2 dry leased from ILFC.
*Flat-Bed BusinessFirst seats
Star Alliance livery: (N78017, N78021 and N77022)
18 converted to Flat-Bed BusinessFirst seats
New United livery: (N79011)
Boeing 787-8 0 11 228 (36/192) Entry into service projected: August 2011.
All aircraft to feature Flat-Bed BusinessFirst seats.
First official route will be Houston-Lagos, Nigeria beginning November 10, 2011. Second official route will be Houston-Auckland, New Zealand beginning November 16, 2011.
Both subject to government approval.
Boeing 787-9 0 14 Entry into service projected: 2013
Total 340 82

First Class is offered on Domestic Flights. BusinessFirst is offered on Transatlantic/Transpacific Flights.

تاريخ الاسطول

CAL, March 1960[7]
Aircraft Total Orders Notes
Boeing 707-124 4 1
Douglas DC-3 10 0
Douglas DC-6 1 0 Leased
Douglas DC-6B 2 0 1 leased
Douglas DC-7B 5 0
Vickers Viscount 812 15
Total 37 1
CAL, March 1970[8]
Aircraft Total Orders Notes
Boeing 707-320C 13 0
Boeing 720B 8 0
Boeing 727 13 0
Boeing 747-100 2 2
Boeing 747-200 unknown unknown
Douglas DC-9-10F 19 0
Total 55 2
CAL, December 1980[9]
Aircraft Total Orders Notes
Boeing 727-100 14 0
Boeing 727-200 39 7
Douglas DC-10-10 7 0
Douglas DC-10-10CF 4 0
Douglas DC-10-30 2 0
Total 66 7


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الخدمات

Previous generation 777 BusinessFirst seats, to be replaced in 2010


In-flight meal in BusinessFirst

الترفيه الجوي

DirecTV Status as of October 20, 2010- Total Progress- 70% Complete[10]

Aircraft In Service Completed % Completed Estimated Completion Date
Boeing 737-900ER 30 30 100% Completed
Boeing 737-900 12 12 100% Completed
Boeing 737-800 116 87 75% Dec 2010
Boeing 737-700 36 19 53% Dec 2010
Boeing 757-300 17 0 0% Dec 2011

OnePass

Continental Airlines OnePass logo.png

رئيس نادي

CO Presidents Club logo.png

الأحداث والحوادث

Continental Airlines reported incidents
Flight Date Aircraft Location Description Passengers and crew Injuries
Fatal Serious Minor Ground or other injuries/fatalities
11[12] May 22, 1962 Boeing 707-100 Unionville, MO A passenger intent on claiming money from life insurance planted a bomb on the aircraft which departed Chicago-O’Hare, destined for Kansas City Municipal Airport. The bomb exploded, breaking off the aircraft's tail, and the plane crashed on a farm near Unionville, Missouri. All 45 on board died. This aircraft had previously been subject to an attempted hijacking to Cuba, although the hijackers were captured in El Paso, Texas. 45 45
210[13] July 8, 1962 Vickers Viscount Lubbock International Airport Damaged beyond economic repair when the propellers struck the runway shortly after take-off. A wheels-up landing was made in a wheat field. 16
290
[14]
January 29, 1963 Vickers Viscount Kansas City, MO Flight 290 enroute from Midland, Texas to Kansas City crashed on approach, near the south end of the runway and burst into flames. 8 8
N/A[15] April 13, 1973 NA-265 Sabreliner Montrose, CO After bringing Bob and Audrey Six to their Colorado ranch, the Sabreliner crew departed MTJ, for the return flight to Los Angeles (LAX). The thrust reverser of the aircraft was deployed in flight shortly after takeoff. The Sabreliner descended from 1,000 قدم (300 م), struck the ground, and was destroyed. 2 2
426
[16]
August 15, 1975 Boeing 727-200 Denver, CO Flight 426, bound for Wichita, Kansas, crashed near the departure end of runway shortly after takeoff. The aircraft encountered severe windshear at an altitude and airspeed which precluded recovery to level flight. The aircraft descended at a rate which could not be overcome even though the aircraft was flown at or near its maximum lift capability throughout the encounter. The windshear was generated by the outflow from a thunderstorm which was over the aircraft's departure path. All passengers and crew were safely evacuated. The aircraft was a total loss. 131 15
603
[17]
March 1, 1978 McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Los Angeles, CA Flight 603 was scheduled to fly to Honolulu, HI from Los Angeles. The DC-10 overran the runway at Los Angeles (LAX) during an aborted takeoff as a result of a tire explosion resulting in a fire engulfing the aircraft. The aircraft was a total loss. 200 2 31 167
N/A[18] July 8, 1987 Boeing 747 North Atlantic Ocean Near collision with a Delta Airlines Lockheed L-1011. Both the Delta (London-Cincinnati) and Continental (London-Newark) were heading to the U.S. with nearly 600 people total on both aircraft. The Delta flight strayed 60 miles off course during its flight and came within 30 feet of colliding with the 747 as the L-1011 flew under it in Canadian airspace. It was nearly the deadliest aviation accident in history. 0 0 0 All 0
1713[19] November 15, 1987 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 Denver, CO Flight 1713 bound for Boise, Idaho crashed on take-off during a snowstorm at Stapleton Intl. Airport. 82 28 28 26
55
[20]
July 25, 2000 McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Paris, France Flight 55 contributed to the crash of Air France Concorde Flight 4590 in Paris. The Continental jet dropped a strip of titanium alloy from its thrust reverser on the runway during its takeoff roll. When AF4590 subsequently departed, Concorde's left main landing gear tires struck the strip of metal and were punctured. The tires exploded as Concorde began its takeoff roll. The tire rubber fragments penetrated Concorde's wing fuel tanks, starting fires in engines 1 and 2, leading to the crash which killed all aboard and four people on the ground. According to the official report on the accident, the strip of metal installed on the Continental jet was made from a different alloy than had been approved by the US Federal Aviation Administration or the engine manufacturer. This led French authorities to begin a criminal investigation into Continental Airlines.[21] 113 fatalities
1515 January 16, 2006 Boeing 737-524 El Paso, TX The mechanic's failure to maintain proper clearance with the engine intake during a jet engine run, and the failure of contract maintenance personnel to follow written procedures and directives contained in the airline's general maintenance manual. Factors contributing to the accident were the insufficient training provided to the contract mechanics by the airline, and the failure of the airport to disseminate a policy prohibiting ground engine runs above idle power in the terminal area.[22] 114 + 5 1 fatality
1404 December 20, 2008 Boeing 737-500 Denver, CO Flight 1404 bound for Houston, pulled left and ran off of the runway during its takeoff roll at Denver International Airport. The cause of the incident is unknown, however the right side of aircraft caught fire once coming to a stop. Of the 115 people on board, 38 sustained injuries, with 2 seriously injured, including the pilot.[23] 115 2 36



انظر ايضا


الهوامش

References
  1. ^ أ ب Norwood, Tom (2002). North American Airlines Handbook (3rd ed.). Sandpoint, ID: Airways International. ISBN 0-9653993-8-9. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  2. ^ "Federal Aviation Administration – Airline Certificate Information – Detail View". Av-info.faa.gov. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  3. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة HQLoc
  4. ^ "Boundary Map." Greenspoint Management District. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  5. ^ "Privacy Policy." Continental Airlines. Retrieved on May 22, 2009.
  6. ^ أ ب ت ث ج خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة LiveTV
  7. ^ Flight International April 8, 1960
  8. ^ Flight International March 26, 1970
  9. ^ "Flight - Airline Industry news, aviation jobs & airline recruitment". Flightglobal.com. September 17, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  10. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Fleetstatus
  11. ^ http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Aeromar-and-Continental-prnews-2445836590.html?x=0&.v=1
  12. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-124 N70775 Unionville, MO". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  13. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  14. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Vickers 812 Viscount N242V Kansas City, MO". Aviation-safety.net. January 29, 1963. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  15. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident North American NA-265 Sabreliner 60 N743R Montrose, CO". Aviation-safety.net. April 13, 1973. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  16. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 727-224 N88777 Denver-Stapleton International Airport, CO (DEN)". Aviation-safety.net. August 7, 1975. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  17. ^ http://libraryonline.erau.edu/online-full-text/ntsb/aircraft-accident-reports/AAR79-01.pdf
  18. ^ "Wrong Track: Delta is blamed for a close call". Time. September 14, 1987.
  19. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-9-14 N626TX Denver-Stapleton International Airport, CO (DEN)". Aviation-safety.net. November 15, 1987. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  20. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Aérospatiale / BAC Concorde 101 F-BTSC Gonesse". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved January 8, 2009.
  21. ^ "Judge places Continental under investigation in Concorde crash." USA Today
  22. ^ "Mechanic sucked into jet engine". CNN. January 16, 2006. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  23. ^ "The Denver Post". December 21,22,23 24, and 26, 2008.
Bibliography
  • Continental Airlines, Customer Service Manual, 1970 edition.
  • Vietor, Richard H. K. "Contrived Competition: Airline Regulation and Deregulation, 1925–1988", The Business History Review, Vol. 64, No. 1, Government and Business (Spring, 1990), pp. 61–108

وصلات خارجية

Official websites

Affiliated websites

Archived websites