الطاقة في رومانيا

Energy in Romania describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Romania.

Romania has significant oil and gas reserves, substantial coal deposits and it has substantial hydroelectric power installed. However, Romania imports oil and gas from Russia and other first world countries, (it mainly imports from the EU). To ease this dependency Romania seeks to use nuclear power as an alternative to electricity generation. So far, the country has two nuclear reactors, located at Cernavodă, accounting for about 18–20% of the country's electricity production, with the second one online in 2007. Nuclear waste is stored on site at reprocessing facilities.

Electric power in Romania is dominated by government enterprises, although privately operated coal mines and oil refineries also existed. Accordingly, Romania placed an increasingly heavy emphasis on developing nuclear power generation. Electric power was provided by the Romanian Electric Power Corporation (CONEL). Energy used in electric power generation consisted primarily of nuclear, coal, oil, and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Of the electricity generated in 2007, 13.1 percent came from nuclear plants then in operation, 41.69 percent from thermal plants (oil and coal), and 25.8 percent from hydroelectric sites.[1] It was predicted in 2007 that the generation structure by the year 2010 would be 10.2 percent hydroelectric, 12.2 percent oil, 22.9 percent coal, 10.2 percent LNG, and 44.5 percent nuclear.

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استعراض

Electricity supply mix 2010
Energy in Romania[2]
Capita Prim. energy Production Import Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 21.69 448 327 133 49.2 91.5
2007 21.55 453 320 141 52.8 91.9
2008 21.51 458 335 124 53.5 89.9
2009 21.48 400 329 77 48.7 78.4
2012 21.39 417 321 89 53.2 81.8
2012R 0.08 406 316 92 52.2 79.0
2013 19.98 370 301 69 49.9 68.8
Change
2004–09
−1.0% −10.8% 0.7% −42.0% −1.1% −14.4%
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh . Prim. energy includes energy losses that are 2/3 for nuclear power [3]

2012R = CO2 calculation criteria changed, numbers updated


الهيدروكربون

انتاج النفط في رومانيا بلغ ذروته في ع1970.
انتاج الغاز في رومانيا ليس أفضل بكثير عن انتاج النفط
امتيازات التنقيب عن الغاز في المياه الرومانية في البحر الأسود. لاحظوا الكسرة في الحدود البحرية الجنوبية الشرقية، بالمقارنة بالخريطة القديمة التالية. تلك الكسرة تجعل نقطة الحدود رباعية بين روسيا وتركيا ورومانيا وبلغاريا.
امتيازات التنقيب البحري في بلغاريا ورومانيا في 2017.


الطاقة الكهربائية

الطاقة الكهرومائية

Vidraru Dam, where the largest hydroelectric power plant is located

Romania has an estimated total usable hydropower of 36,000 GWh per year.[4]

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ Report from state power company
  2. ^ IEA Key World Energy Statistics Statistics 2015, 2014 (2012R as in November 2015 + 2012 as in March 2014 is comparable to previous years statistical calculation criteria, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15
  3. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Facts and figures The Swedish Energy Agency Table 8 Losses in nuclear power stations Table 9 Nuclear power brutto
  4. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Nine O'Clock, issue 4013, page 7

قالب:Industry of Romania

قالب:Power stations in Romania

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