تقسيمات اسكتلندا

(تم التحويل من Council areas of Scotland)
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سياسة وحكومة
اسكتلندا

لغرض الحكم المحلي ، فإن اسكتلندا تنقسم إلى 32 منطقة مسماة "مناطق مجالس council areas" ويحكمهم جميعاً unitary authorities[1] designated as "councils". They have the option under the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997[2] of being known (but not re-designated) as a "comhairle" when opting for a Gaelic name; only Comhairle Nan Eilean Siar (Council of the Western Isles) has chosen this option whereas the Highland Council (Comhairle na Gaidhealtachd) has adopted its Gaelic form alongside its English equivalent informally.

The council areas have been in existence since 1 April 1996, under the provisions of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.

Historically Scotland has been divided into 34 counties or shires. Although these no longer have any administrative function, they are still used to some extent in Scotland for cultural and geographical purposes.

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مناطق المجالس

Scotland Administrative Map 2009.png
الموقع المساحة
(ميل²)
المساحة
(كم²)
التعداد
(2011)
الكثافة
(/كم²)
البر الرئيسي
مدينة أبردين 70 182 222,800 1224
أبردين‌شاير 2,439 6,317 253,000 40
آنگس 843 2,184 116,000 53
أرگيل وبيوت 2,712 7,023 88,200 13
كلاك‌مانان‌شاير 61 158 51,400 325
دمفريز وگالوي 2,489 6,446 151,300 23
مدينة دندي 21 55 147,300 2678
شرق آيرشاير 492 1,275 122,700 96
شرق دونبارتون‌شاير 68 176 105,000 597
شرق لوثيان 257 666 99,700 150
شرق رن‌فروشاير 65 168 90,600 539
مدينة إدنبره 100 260 476,600 1833
فالكيرك 113 293 156,000 532
فايف 517 1,340 365,200 273
مدينة گلاسگو 68 175 593,200 3390
هاي‌لاند 10,085 26,119 232,100 9
إنڤركلايد 64 167 81,500 488
ميدلوثيان 135 350 83,200 238
مري 864 2,237 93,300 42
شمال آيرشاير 343 888 138,200 156
شمال لانارك‌شاير 184 476 337,800 710
پرث وكن‌روس 2,083 5,395 146,700 27
رن‌فروشاير 102 263 174,900 665
الحدود الاسكتلندية 1,825 4,727 113,900 24
جنوب آيرشاير 475 1,230 112,800 92
جنوب لانارك‌شاير 686 1,778 313,800 176
سترلنگ 866 2,243 90,200 40
غرب دونبارتون‌شاير 68 176 90,700 515
غرب لوثيان 165 427 175,100 410
إجمالي البر 28,260 73,193 5,223,100 71
الجزر
Na h-Eileanan Siar 1,185 3,070 27,700 8
جزر اوركني 396 1,025 21,400 21
جزر شتلاند 568 1,471 23,200 15
إجمالي الجزر 2,149 5,566 72,300 13
إجمالي اسكتلندا 30,409 78,759 5,295,400 67

المصدر: تعداد اسكتلندا 2011[3]


تقسيمات أخرى

Scotland has several other administrative divisions, some of which are handled by joint boards of the councils.

خدمات الشرطة والمطافي

As of 1 April 2013 both the Police and fire services became a single National Police Force and a single National Fire Service. In the case of the Police force: The full legal name of the organisation, as described in the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, is the Police Service of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Seirbheis Phoilis na h-Alba). In the case of the Fire Service: The full legal name of the organisation, as described in the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012, is the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS).

تاريخياً

(قبل 1975)

Policing was the responsibility of the Cities and Burghs of Scotland. (see List of burghs in Scotland)

(1975 - 2013)

Police and fire service areas date from the era (1975 to 1996) of regions and districts and island council areas.

الخدمات المنطقة الأصلية (المناطق السابقة) مناطق المجالس
Central Scotland Police
Central Scotland Fire and Rescue Service
Central Clackmannanshire, Falkirk and Stirling
Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary
Dumfries and Galloway Fire and Rescue Service
Dumfries and Galloway Dumfries and Galloway
Fife Constabulary
Fife Fire and Rescue Service
Fife Fife
Grampian Police
Grampian Fire and Rescue Service
Grampian Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire and Moray
Lothian and Borders Police
Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service
Lothians and the Scottish Borders City of Edinburgh, East Lothian, Midlothian, Scottish Borders, West Lothian
Northern Constabulary
Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service
Highland, Orkney, Shetland and Western Isles Highland, Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles), Orkney
and Shetland
Strathclyde Police
Strathclyde Fire and Rescue
Strathclyde Argyll and Bute, East Ayrshire, East Dunbartonshire
East Renfrewshire, the City of Glasgow, Inverclyde,
North Ayrshire, North Lanarkshire, Renfrewshire,
South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire
Tayside Police
Tayside Fire and Rescue Service
Tayside Angus, the City of Dundee and Perth & Kinross

الانتخابية والتقييم

There are several joint boards for electoral registration and the purposes of property valuation for assessing council tax and rates.[4]

منطقة المجلس المشترك مناطق المجالس
Ayrshire
Ayrshire and Arran in other contexts
East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire
Borders Scottish Borders
Central Scotland Clackmannanshire, Falkirk, Stirling
Dumfries and Galloway Dumfries and Galloway
Dunbartonshire and Argyll & Bute Argyll and Bute, East Dunbartonshire, West Dunbartonshire
فايف فايف
Grampian Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Moray
Glasgow Glasgow
Highlands and Western Isles Highland and Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles)
Lanarkshire North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire
Lothian East Lothian, Edinburgh, Midlothian, West Lothian
Orkney and Shetland Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands
Renfrewshire East Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, Renfrewshire
Tayside Angus, Dundee, Perth and Kinross


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الصحة

انظر أيضاً NHS Scotland

Health board area Council areas
Ayrshire and Arran East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire
Borders Scottish Borders
Dumfries and Galloway Dumfries and Galloway
Fife فايف
Forth Valley
Central Scotland
in other contexts
Clackmannanshire, Falkirk and Stirling
Grampian Aberdeenshire, City of Aberdeen and Moray
Greater Glasgow and Clyde City of Glasgow, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire,
Inverclyde, Renfrewshire and West Dunbartonshire
Highland Argyll and Bute and Highland
Lanarkshire North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire
Lothian City of Edinburgh, East Lothian, Midlothian and West Lothian
Orkney جزر اوركني
Shetland جزر شتلاند
Tayside Angus, City of Dundee and Perth and Kinross
Western Isles (Eileanan Siar) Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan Siar)

Until 1 April 2014 the towns of Cambuslang and Rutherglen were in the Greater Glasgow and Clyde health board area despite being located in South Lanarkshire. They are now part of NHS Lanarkshire.

النقل

The Scottish Government has created seven "Regional Transport Partnerships", for establishing transport policy in the regions. They broadly follow council area groupings.

RTP area Council areas
NESTRANS Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire
TACTRAN Angus, Dundee, Perth and Kinross, Stirling
HITRANS Argyll and Bute (except Helensburgh and Lomond), Highland, Moray, Western Isles, Orkney
ZetTrans Shetland
SEStran Edinburgh, Clackmannanshire, East Lothian, Falkirk, Midlothian, Fife, Scottish Borders, West Lothian
SWESTRANS Dumfries and Galloway
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport Argyll and Bute (Helensburgh and Lomond only), West Dunbartonshire, East Dunbartonshire, North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, Glasgow, East Renfrewshire, Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, South Ayrshire, East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire

Eurostat NUTS

In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), Scotland is a level-1 NUTS region, coded "UKM", which is subdivided as follows:

NUTS 1 Code NUTS 2 Code NUTS 3 Code
Scotland UKM Eastern Scotland UKM2 Angus and Dundee UKM21
NUTS 3 regions of central and southern Scotland map.svg

NUTS 3 regions of Scotland map.svg
Clackmannanshire and Fife UKM22
East Lothian and Midlothian UKM23
الحدود الاسكتلندية UKM24
Edinburgh UKM25
Falkirk UKM26
Perth and Kinross, and Stirling UKM27
West Lothian UKM28
South Western Scotland UKM3 East Dunbartonshire, West Dunbartonshire, and Helensburgh and Lomond UKM31
Dumfries and Galloway UKM32
East and North Ayrshire mainland UKM33
Glasgow UKM34
Inverclyde, East Renfrewshire, and Renfrewshire UKM35
North Lanarkshire UKM36
South Ayrshire UKM37
South Lanarkshire UKM38
North Eastern Scotland UKM5 Aberdeen and Aberdeenshire UKM50
Highlands and Islands UKM6 Caithness and Sutherland, and Ross and Cromarty UKM61
Inverness, Nairn, Moray, and Badenoch and Strathspey UKM62
Lochaber, Skye and Lochalsh, Arran and Cumbrae, and Argyll and Bute (except Helensburgh and Lomond) UKM63
Eilean Siar (الجزر الغربية) UKM64
جزر اوركني UKM65
جزر شتلاند UKM66


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انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ With respect to Scotland the phrase "unitary authority" is merely descriptive; in the United Kingdom the phrase "unitary authority" as a designation is specific to local government areas in England.
  2. ^ Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997
  3. ^ 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1B Table 2: Census day usually resident population by council area, 2001 and 2011 , Accessed 22 March 2013
  4. ^ Scottish Assessors Association

قالب:Scottish subdivisions