ARA Libertad (Q-2)
Libertad entering Dársena Norte, Buenos Aires
|أمر بإنشائها:||13 November 1953 (from a 1946 project)|
|الباني:||Río Santiago Shipyard, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina|
|وُضِعت:||11 December 1953|
|أُطلِقت:||30 May 1956|
|رُخـِّصت:||28 May 1963|
|الوضع:||Commissioned, in active service|
|النوع:||Steel hulled, full-rigged class "A" tall ship|
|الازاحة:||3,765 metric tonnes|
|الطول:||103.75 م (340.4 قدم) (hull 91.7 meters)|
|العارضة:||14.31 م (46.9 قدم)|
|الغاطس:||6.60 م (21.7 قدم)|
|الدفع:||MAN diesel engines B&W mod. 6L23/30-D, each with 6 inline cylinders and 960 kW at 900 rpm|
|السرعة:|| (engine power only)|
|المدى:||12,000 ميل بحريs (22,000 kم) at 8 عقدةs (15 كم/س) (engine power only)|
|المرافقون:||24 officers, 187 crewmen, as well as 150 cadets|
|التسليح:||4 47 mm QF 3 pounder Hotchkiss cannons|
ARA Libertad (Q-2) is a steel hulled, full rigged, class "A" sailing ship which serves as a school vessel in the Argentine Navy. One of the largest and fastest tall ships in the world, holder of several speed records, she was designed and built in the 1950s by the Río Santiago Shipyard, Ensenada, Argentina. Her maiden voyage was in 1961, and she continues to be a training ship with yearly instruction trips for the graduating naval cadets as well as a traveling goodwill ambassador, having covered more than 800,000 ميل بحريs (1,500,000 kم) across all seas, visited about 500 ports in more than 60 countries, and trained more than 11,000 navy graduates.
In early October 2012 the vessel was impounded in the port of تما، غانا, by a court ruling in favour of NML Capital, a subsidiary of Cayman Islands hedge fund Elliott Management Corporation, which claimed that it was owed US$370m (£233m) as a consequence of Argentina's debt defaults of 2002, and was seeking payment of $20m for release of the vessel. NML was not originally a creditor, but bought the debt for "pennies on the dollar" according to Forbes. Argentina's foreign ministry condemned the move, claiming it as "a stunt" pulled by "vulture funds, who are not subject to the laws of any jurisdiction".
On 25 October 2012 most of the ship's crew returned to Argentina, leaving the captain and 43 crew members with the ship in Ghana.
On 15 December 2012 the UN International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea ruled unanimously that the ship had immunity as a military vessel, and ordered that "Ghana should forthwith and unconditionally release the frigate ARA Libertad", and report to the Tribunal on compliance by 22 December. Libertad was released from Tema on 19 December. She arrived on 9 January 2013 to the port of Mar del Plata, where the ship got an enthusiastic homecoming. Following the International Tribunal ruling, the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority sued NML Capital for damages of least US$7.6 million related to the Libertad's impoundment. The Supreme Court of Ghana ruled in June 2013 that the 77-day impoundment was "unjustified, and could have endangered the security of Ghana by triggering a diplomatic conflict."
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Class "A" denotes any sailing vessel over 40 meters in length and all square-rigged vessels
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- ARA Libertad Visits Dublin to Remember Admiral Brown at Irish Sea Shipping. The Online Shipping Magazine
- HG&UW Photo Feature Tall Ships 2000 - Halifax, Nova Scotia - Part 2 at Haze Gray & Underway - Naval History and Photography