قائمة رؤساء وزراء المملكة المتحدة

داڤيد كاميرون عين رئيس وزراء المملكة المتحدة في 11 مايو 2010

رئيس وزراء المملكة المتحدة وأيرلندا الشمالية، هو القائد السياسي للمملكة المتحدة ورأس حكومة صاحبة الجلالة. وهو المسئول عن تعيين الأعضاء الآخرين في الحكومة، عقد جلسات مجلس الوزراء وتقرير ميعاد عقد الانتخابات الجديدة لمجلس العموم.[1][2] ورئيس الوزراء هو المسئول أيضا عن تقديم الترشيحات للمناصب العليا في كنيسة إنگلترة، وترشيح القضاة واقتراح منح لقب لورد مدى الحياة.[3]

رئيس الورزاء الحالي هو داڤيد كاميرون.

مفتاح الألوان
(للأحزاب السياسية)

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد جورج الأول (1714–1727) وجورج الثاني (1727–1760)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Robertwalpole cropped cropped.jpg روبرت والپول
النائب عن King's Lynn until 1742
Earl of Orford from 1742
4 April
1721
11 February
1742
الهويگ
(والپول/تاونسند 1721–30;
وزارة والپول 1730–42)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[4][5]
1722, 1727, 1734, 1741
Regarded as the first Prime Minister in the modern sense; The South Sea Company bubble; criticised for Great Britain's poor performance in the War of Jenkins' Ear.
Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington cropped.jpg Spencer Compton
The Earl of Wilmington
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
الهويگ
(Carteret Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [6]
 —
Increased tax on spirits; in poor health for much of his time as Prime Minister, the government was led de facto by جون كارترت. Died in office.
Henry Pelham cropped.jpg هنري پلم
النائب عن Sussex
27 August
1743
6 March
1754
الهويگ
(وزارة كارترت 1743–44;
Broad Bottom Ministry 1744–54)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[7]
1747
إعادة تنظيم البحرية الملكية; 1745 تمرد اليعاقبة؛ اعتماد التقويم الگريگوري; Marriage Act 1753; helped end the War of the Austrian Succession. Died in office.
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg توماس پلم-هولز
دوق نيوكاسل
16 March
1754
16 November
1756
الهويگ
(First Newcastle Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
1754
قاد بريطانيا العظمى إلى دخول حرب السبع سنوات ضد فرنسا في أمريكا الشمالية.
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire cropped.JPG William Cavendish
The Duke of Devonshire
16 November
1756
25 June
1757
الهويگ
(Devonshire-Pitt Ministry;
1757 Caretaker Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
 —
حكومة وليام پت، الأكبر.
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg توماس پلم-هولز
دوق نيوكاسل
2 July
1757
26 May
1762
الهويگ
(Second Newcastle Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
1761
Great Britain gained more influence abroad in the Seven Years' War; the war was largely prosecuted by Pitt the Elder as Secretary of State.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد جورج الثالث (1760–1820)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute cropped cropped.jpg John Stuart
The Earl of Bute
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
التوري
(Bute Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[8]
 —
First Scottish Prime Minister. Ended the dominance of the Whigs; Treaty of Paris (1763) ending the Seven Years' War; resigned after fierce criticism of Treaty of Paris concessions.
George Grenville cropped.jpg George Grenville
النائب عن Buckingham
16 April
1763
13 July
1765
الهويگ (Grenvillite)
(Grenville Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[9]
 —
Lowered domestic tax at the expense of the colonies; introduced the Stamp Act 1765 (which ultimately led to the American Revolution).
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg Charles Watson-Wentworth
The Marquess of Rockingham
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
الهويگ (Rockinghamite)
(First Rockingham Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[10]
 —
Repealed the controversial Stamp Act, inspired by protests from both American colonists and British manufacturers who were hurt by it; introduced the Declaratory Act 1766.
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham by Richard Brompton cropped cropped.jpg وليام پت، الأكبر
إير Chatham
30 يوليو
1766
14 أكتوبر
1768
الهويگ (Chathamite);
(Chatham Ministry)
Lord Privy Seal [11]
 —
The first real Imperialist; credited with the birth of the British Empire; defeated France in Canada, thereby indirectly precipitating the French Revolution.
Grafton3 cropped.JPG Augustus FitzRoy
The Duke of Grafton
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
الهويگ (Chathamite)
(Grafton Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[12]
1768
حاول تسوية الخلافات مع المستعمرات الأمريكية.
Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped cropped.jpg فردريك نورث
اللورد نورث

النائب عن Banbury
28 يناير
1770
22 مارس
1782
التوري
(North Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[13]
1774, 1780
قاد بريطانيا العظمى إلى الثورة الأمريكية، ارتكب عدداً من الأخطاء التكتيكية؛ شغب گوردون؛ حاول الاصلاح في أيرلندة؛ استقال بعد تصويت نزع الثقة ضد رغبة الملك.
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg Charles Watson-Wentworth
The Marquess of Rockingham
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
الهويگ (Rockinghamite)
(Second Rockingham Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
 —
Acknowledged the independence of the الولايات المتحدة; began a process of economic reform. Died in office.
Shelburne cropped.jpg William Petty
The Earl of Shelburne
4 July
1782
2 April
1783
الهويگ (Rockinghamite)
(Shelburne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
 —
Planned political reform; secured peace with the United States, France and Spain.
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped cropped.jpg وليام كاڤندش-بنتنك
دوق پورتلاند
2 أبريل
1783
19 ديسمبر
1783
الهويگ
(ائتلاف فوكس-نورث)
اللورد الأول للخزانة
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
 —
Titular head of the ائتلاف فوكس-نورث. Attempted to reform the British East India Company, but was blocked by George III.
Pitt the Younger.jpg William Pitt the Younger
النائب عن Appleby until 1784
النائب عن جامعة كمبردج from 1784
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
Pittite (التوري)
(First Pitt the Younger Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[14]
1784, 1790, 1796
Youngest Prime Minister. India Act 1784; attempted to remove rotten boroughs; personally opposed to the slave trade; reduced the national debt due to the rebellion in the North American colonies; formed the Triple Alliance; Constitutional Act of 1791; war with France starting in 1793; introduced the first income tax; Act of Union 1800.
John Singleton Copley - Henry Addington, First Viscount Sidmouth cropped cropped.jpg Henry Addington
النائب عن Devizes
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
Pittite (التوري)
(Addington Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
1801 co-option, 1802
Negotiated the Treaty of Amiens with France in 1802.
Pitt the Younger.jpg William Pitt the Younger
النائب عن Cambridge University
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
Pittite (التوري)
(Second Pitt the Younger Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
 —
Alliance with Russia, Austria and Sweden against France (Third Coalition); Battle of Trafalgar; Battle of Ulm; Battle of Austerlitz. Died in office.
1st Baron Grenville cropped.jpg William Wyndham Grenville
The Lord Grenville
11 February
1806
31 March
1807
الهويگ
(Ministry of All the Talents)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
1806
Abolition of the slave trade.
3rd Duke of Portland 1804 cropped cropped.jpg William Cavendish-Bentinck
The Duke of Portland
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
التوري
(Second Portland Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [6]
1807
He headed a Tory government; was old and ill, leaving the Cabinet to their own devices (largely headed by Spencer Perceval).
Spencerperceval.jpg Spencer Perceval
النائب عن Northampton
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
التوري
(Perceval Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[15]
 —
Descent of George III into madness; his administration was notable for the lack of senior statesmen (Perceval also served as the Chancellor of the Exchequer); Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. The only Prime Minister to have been assassinated.
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Banks Jenkinson
Lord Liverpool
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
التوري
(Liverpool Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[16]
1812, 1818, 1820, 1826
Oversaw the United Kingdom's victory in the Napoleonic Wars; the Congress of Vienna; an economic recession in 1817; the Luddite movement; The War of 1812 (in Britain, the American War of 1812 to 1815); Peterloo Massacre in 1819; return to the gold standard in 1819; the Cato Street Conspiracy to assassinate Liverpool in 1820.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد جورج الرابع (1820–1830)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg George Canning
النائب عن Seaham
10 April
1827
8 August
1827
التوري (Canningite)
(Canning Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
 —
Died shortly after taking office.
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg Frederick John Robinson
The Viscount Goderich
31 August
1827
21 January
1828
التوري (Canningite)
(Goderich Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
 —
Lacked support amongst colleagues; resigned.
1st Duke of Wellington 1831 cropped cropped.jpg Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
التوري
(Wellington Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[6]
1830
Catholic Emancipation Bill (over which he fought a duel).

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد وليام الرابع (1830–1837)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg Charles Grey
The Earl Grey
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
الهويگ
(Grey Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[17]
1831, 1832
Reform Act 1832; quelled Swing Riots; restriction of employment of children; reform of the Poor Laws; abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire.
2nd V Melbourne.jpg William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
الهويگ
(First Melbourne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[18]
 —
William IV's opposition forced him to resign.
1st Duke of Wellington 1831 cropped cropped.jpg Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
14 November
1834
10 December
1834
التوري
(Conservative Provisional Government)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Secretary of State for the Home Department,
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[19]
 —
Caretaker government while Sir Robert Peel was located and returned to London. Held many of the major posts himself.
Sir robert peel cropped.jpg Sir Robert Peel
النائب عن Tamworth
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
محافظ
(First Peel Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[20][21]
1835
†Minority government. Unable to form a majority in Parliament so resigned.
2nd V Melbourne.jpg William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
الهويگ
(Second Melbourne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[22]
1835, 1837
A father figure to Queen Victoria; Municipal Corporations Act 1835; Bedchamber Crisis; Treaty of Waitangi.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد الملكة ڤكتوريا (1837–1901)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Sir robert peel cropped.jpg Sir Robert Peel
النائب عن Tamworth
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
محافظ
(Second Peel Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[23]
1841
Mines Act 1842; reintroduction of income tax; Factory Act 1844; Railway Regulation Act 1844; repeal of the Corn Laws (triggered by the Great Irish Potato Famine) and other tariffs; Maynooth Grant.
Lord John Russell.jpg Lord John Russell
النائب عن City of London
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
الهويگ
(First Russell Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[24]
1847
†Minority government, but with the Conservatives split between Protectionists and Peelites, the Whigs held power. Education Act 1847; Don Pacifico affair; Chartist demonstrations; Australian Colonies Government Act; The Great Exhibition; improved the Poor laws.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
محافظ
(First Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[25]
1852
Government collapsed when his Chancellor's Budget was defeated.
Earlofaberdeen.jpg George Hamilton-Gordon
The Earl of Aberdeen
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
Peelite
(Aberdeen Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[26]
 —
Only Peelite Prime Minister. Led the country into the Crimean War; resigned after defeat in the vote for an inquiry into the conduct of the war.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston

النائب عن Tiverton
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
الهويگ
(First Palmerston Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[27]
1857
Responded to the Indian mutiny of 1857; introduced the India Bill.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
محافظ
(Second Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[28]
 —
Government of India Act 1858, transferring ownership of the East India Company to the Crown; Jews Relief Act, allowing Jews to become MPs.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston.jpg Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston

النائب عن Tiverton
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
الليبرالي
(Second Palmerston Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[29]
1859, 1865
Between periods in office he founded the Liberal Party; term dominated by policy concerning the الحرب الأهلية الأمريكية; attempts to alleviate suffering caused by the Lancashire Cotton Famine. Died in office.
Lord John Russell.jpg John Russell
The Earl Russell
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
الليبرالي
(Second Russell Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[30]
 —
Attempted to introduce a further Reform Bill, but was opposed by his Cabinet.
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby-1865.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
محافظ
(Third Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[31]
 —
Reform Act 1867; considered by some to be the father of the modern Conservative Party.
Disraeli.jpg Benjamin Disraeli
النائب عن Buckinghamshire
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
محافظ
(First Disraeli Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[32]
 —
Only ethnically Jewish Prime Minister; dissolved Parliament as the Conservatives did not have a majority.
William Ewart Gladstone - 1866.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
النائب عن Greenwich
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
Liberal
(First Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1873–74)
[33]
1868
Introduced reforms to the British Army, Civil Service and local government; made peacetime flogging illegal; Irish Church Disestablishment Act 1869; Irish Land Act 1870; Education Act 1870; Trade Union Act 1871; Ballot Act 1872; Licensing Act 1872; failed to prevent the Franco-Prussian War.
Disraeli.jpg Benjamin Disraeli
النائب عن Buckinghamshire until 1876
Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
محافظ
(Second Disraeli Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم (1874–76),
Lord Privy Seal (1876–78)
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات (1876–80)
[34]
1874
Various social reforms including the Climbing Boys Act 1875, the Public Health Act 1875 and the Artisans' and Labourers' Dwellings Improvement Act 1875; purchase of shares in the Suez Canal Company; Congress of Berlin; reintroduction of Queen Victoria to public life, including bestowing the title Empress of India; Second Anglo-Afghan War; breaking up of the League of the Three Emperors; the Zulu War; start of Long Depression.
William Ewart Gladstone - 1866.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
النائب عن Midlothian
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
Liberal
(Second Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1880–82)
[35]
1880
First Boer War; Irish Coercion Act; Kilmainham Treaty; Phoenix Park Murders; Married Women's Property Act 1882; Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883; Reform Act 1884, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (sometimes known collectively as the Third Reform Act); failure to rescue General Gordon in Khartoum, Sudan.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury 1880.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
محافظ
(First Salisbury Ministry)
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[36]
1885
†Minority government. Legislation providing for housing the working class.
William Ewart Gladstone - 1866.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
النائب عن Midlothian
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
Liberal
(Third Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord Privy Seal
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[37]
1885
First introduction of the Home Rule Bill for Ireland, which split the Liberal Party, resulting in the end of Gladstone's government.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury 1880.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
محافظ
(Second Salisbury Ministry)
زعيم مجلس اللوردات,
First Lord of the Treasury (1886–87)
& Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1887–92)
[38]
1886
Opposed Irish home rule; repeal of final Contagious Diseases Act; Local Government Act 1888; Partition of Africa; Free Education Act 1891; creation of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); New Unionism and London Dock Strike of 1889.
William Ewart Gladstone - 1866.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
النائب عن Midlothian
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
Liberal
(Fourth Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord Privy Seal
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[39]
1892
†Minority government. Reintroduction of the Home Rule Bill, which was passed by the House of Commons but rejected by the House of Lords leading to his resignation.
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery - 1890s.jpg Archibald Primrose
The Earl of Rosebery
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
Liberal
(Rosebery Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord President of the Council
& زعيم مجلس اللوردات
[40]
 —
Imperialist; plans for expanding the Royal Navy caused disagreement within the Liberal Party; resigned following a vote of censure over military supplies.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury 1880.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
محافظ
(Unionist Government)
زعيم مجلس اللوردات,
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1895–1900)
& Lord Privy Seal (1900–02)
[41]
1895, 1900
Workmen's Compensation Act 1897; Anglo-Zanzibar War; Second Boer War and Khaki election; Anglo-Japanese Alliance.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد إدوارد السابع (1901–1910)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg آرثر بلفور
النائب عن Manchester East
11 July
1902
5 December
1905
محافظ
(Unionist Government)
First Lord of the Treasury
وزعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
 —
كان على علاقة سيئة مع إدوارد السابع؛ انقسمت وزارته حول التجارة الحرة؛ تأسيس لجنة الدفاع الامبراطوري; Entente Cordiale; Education Act 1902; Taff Vale case.
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg هنري كامبل-بانرمان
النائب عن Stirling Burghs
5 ديسمبر
1905
7 أبريل
1908
ليبرالي
(Campbell-Bannerman Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
1906
أعاد الاستقلال الذاتي إلى ترانسڤال ودولة اورانج الحرة؛ الوفاق الإنگليزي الروسي؛ أول رئيس وزراء يشار إليه بذلك اللقب في التشريع البرلماني.
Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg هربرت هنري أسكويث
النائب عن East Fife
7 أبريل
1908
25 مايو
1915
ليبرالي
(وزارة أسكويث الأولى)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم
& وزير الدولة للحرب (1914)
[6]
January 1910†, December 1910
†Hung Parliaments. اصلاحات الرفاه الليبرالية; People's Budget; Old Age Pensions Act 1908 and National Insurance Act 1911; Parliament Act 1911؛ Suffragettes وقانون القط والفأر؛ Home Rule Act 1914؛ الحرب العالمية الأولى.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد جورج الخامس (1910–1936) وإدوارد الثامن (1936)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg Herbert Henry Asquith
النائب عن East Fife
25 May
1915
7 December
1916
Liberal
(Coalition 1915–16)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
 —
Easter Rising.
David Lloyd George.jpg David Lloyd George
النائب عن Caernarvon Boroughs
7 December
1916
19 October
1922
Liberal
(Coalition Government)
First Lord of the Treasury [42]
1918
Welsh-speaking: only Prime Minister whose mother tongue was not English. End of World War I; Paris Peace Conference; attempted to extend conscription to Ireland during the First World War; granted women over 30 the vote; formation of the Irish Free State.
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg Andrew Bonar Law
النائب عن Glasgow Central
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
المحافظون
(Bonar Law Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[43]
1922
Canadian-born: only Prime Minister born outside the British Isles. Resigned due to ill health; died six months after leaving office.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
النائب عن Bewdley
23 May
1923
16 January
1924
محافظ
(First Baldwin Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923)
[44]
 —
Called a general election to gain a mandate for protectionist tariffs but failed to gain a majority; resigned after losing a vote of confidence.
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain.29588.jpg Ramsay MacDonald
النائب عن Aberavon
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
عمالي
(First MacDonald Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
زعيم مجلس العموم
& Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
[45]
1923
†Hung Parliament; minority government reliant on Liberal support. First Labour Prime Minister; did not have a majority so could not introduce radical legislation; settled reparations with Germany following World War I; Zinoviev letter.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
النائب عن Bewdley
4 November
1924
5 June
1929
محافظ
(Second Baldwin Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[46]
1924
Treaty of Locarno; signatory of the Kellogg-Briand Pact; Pensions Act; enfranchisement of women over 21; UK General Strike of 1926.
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain.29588.jpg Ramsay MacDonald
النائب عن Seaham
5 June
1929
24 August
1931
عمالي
(Second MacDonald Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[47]
1929
†Hung Parliament. Appointed the first female minister, Margaret Bondfield; economic crises following the Wall Street Crash of 1929.
24 August
1931
7 June
1935
العمال الوطنية
(First National Government;
Second National Government)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[48]
1931
Unable to retain the support of the Labour Party, MacDonald officially resigned and was then re-appointed to form a National Government with the support of the Conservative and Liberal parties. He was expelled from the Labour Party.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
النائب عن Bewdley
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
محافظ
(Third National Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[49]
1935
Edward VIII abdication crisis; started rearmament but later criticised for failing to rearm more when Adolf Hitler broke Germany's Treaty of Versailles obligations.

رؤساء الوزراء في عهد جورج السادس (1936–1952)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي مناصب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
Arthur-Neville-Chamberlain.jpg نڤيل تشمبرلين
النائب عن Birmingham Edgbaston
28 May
1937
10 May
1940
محافظ
(Fourth National Ministry;
وزارة تشمبرلين للحرب)
First Lord of the Treasury
& زعيم مجلس العموم
[6]
 —
Attempted to maintain "peace for our time" through appeasement of Germany, settling the اتفاقية ميونخ; widely criticised following the German Invasion of Poland and consequent outbreak of الحرب العالمية الثانية; resigned after failing to form a حكومة ائتلافية.
Churchill HU 90973.jpg ونستون تشرشل
النائب عن Epping
10 May
1940
23 May
1945
محافظ
(وزارة تشرشل للحرب)
First Lord of the Treasury,
وزير الدفاع
& زعيم مجلس العموم (1940–42)
[50]
 —
الحرب العالمية الثانية؛ قاد حكومة ائتلافية؛ تأسيس الأمم المتحدة; proposed what would eventually lead to the الاتحاد الاوروپي; Beveridge Report.
23 May
1945
26 July
1945
محافظ
(وزارة تشرشل لتصريف الأعمال)
First Lord of the Treasury
& وزير الدفاع
[51]
 —
Following the ending of his all-party coalition, Churchill formed a "caretaker" government out of Conservatives, Liberal Nationals and non-party figures. However after two months it was defeated in the 1945 general election.
Attlee BW cropped.jpg كلمنت أتلي
النائب عن Limehouse until 1950
النائب عن Walthamstow West from 1950
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
عمالي
(وزارة أتلي)
First Lord of the Treasury
& وزير الدفاع (1945–46)
[52]
1945, 1950
Initiated the post-war consensus; introduced nationalisation of utilities; foundation of the National Health Service; extended national insurance scheme; independence of India and the end of the British role in Palestine; foundation of NATO؛ بداية الحرب الباردة؛ Berlin Blockade and the resulting Berlin Airlift؛ بداية التورط البريطاني في الحرب الكورية.
Churchill HU 90973.jpg ونستون تشرشل
النائب عن Woodford
26 October
1951
7 April
1955
محافظ
(وزارة تشرشل الثالثة)
First Lord of the Treasury
& وزير الدفاع (1951–52)
[53]
1951
السياسة المحلية عطلتها نزاعات خارجية (الحرب الكورية، العملية أجاكس، انتفاضة ماو ماو، طوارئ الملايو).

رؤساء الوزراء بعهد إليزابث الثانية (1952–الآن)

صورة الاسم
الدائرة الانتخابية/اللقب
المنصب

الولايات الانتخابية
الحزب السياسي منصاب وزارية أخرى
تولاها مع رئاسة الورزاء
المصادر
AREden.jpg السير أنتوني إيدن
النائب عن Warwick and Leamington
7 April
1955
10 January
1957
محافظ
(Eden Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [54]
1955
فشل في منع تأميم مصر لـقناة السويس؛ غزا مصر في العدوان الثلاثي، مما أدى إلى أزمة السويس.
Macmillan cph.3b40592.jpg هارولد مكميلان
النائب عن Bromley
10 January
1957
19 October
1963
المحافظون
(Macmillan Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [55]
1959
The UK applied to join the السوق الاوروبية المشتركة for the first time, the application split the Conservatives and was vetoed by Charles de Gaulle; acceptance of Keynesianism; Rent Act 1957; Wind of Change speech; Notting Hill race riots and New Commonwealth immigration; beginning of Beeching Axe; Night of the Long Knives; Cuban missile crisis; Profumo Affair.
Alec Douglas Home Allan Warren cropped.jpg السير ألك دوگلاس-هوم
Earl of Home until 1963
النائب عن Kinross and Western Perthshire from 1963
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
المحافظون
(وزارة دوگلاس-هوم)
First Lord of the Treasury [56]
 —
Was the Earl of Home when he became Prime Minister, and renounced his peerage on 23 October 1963 in order to stand for the House of Commons.
Dodwilson.JPG هارولد ولسون
النائب عن Huyton
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
عمالي
(First Wilson Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& وزير الخدمة العامة (1968–70)
[57]
1964, 1966
Social reforms, including legalisation of abortion and decriminalisation of homosexuality; Rhodesian U.D.I.; adopted, then abandoned, the National Plan for the economy; Devaluation of the pound; foundation of the Open University; dispute over In Place of Strife trade union reforms.
Heathdod.JPG إدوارد هيث
النائب عن Bexley
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
محافظ
(Heath Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[58]
1970
U-turned over intervention in industry; negotiated Britain's entry to the European Community; Violence due to Northern Ireland's "Troubles" peaked; the Sunningdale Agreement agreed; Three-Day Week; called early election in backfiring attempt to confront striking miners.
Dodwilson.JPG هارولد ولسون
النائب عن Huyton
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
العمال
(Second Wilson Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[59]
February 1974†, October 1974
†Hung Parliament. Ended dispute with miners; Social Contract with trade unions over the economy; Health and Safety at Work Act; Renegotiated terms for EC membership, then 1975 referendum validated entry; North Sea oil; Cod War.
James Callaghan.JPG جيمس كالاهان
النائب عن Cardiff South East
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
العمال
(Callaghan Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[60][61]
 —
International Monetary Fund loan to support the pound; the Lib-Lab pact; enacted devolution to Scotland and Wales but referendums stopped them; breakdown of relations with trade unions and Winter of Discontent.
Margaret Thatcher 1983.jpg مارگرت ثاتشر
النائب عن Finchley
4 May
1979
28 November
1990
المحافظون
(Thatcher Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[62][63]
1979, 1983, 1987
First female Prime Minister of the UK. Falklands War; sold council housing to tenants (right to buy); miners' strike 1984–85; privatisation of many previously government-owned industries; decreased the power of trade unions; negotiation of the UK rebate towards the European Community budget; Brighton hotel bombing; Sino-British joint declaration; Anglo-Irish Agreement; Westland Affair; abolition of GLC; Section 28; the "Poll tax"; Lockerbie bombing; the end of the Cold War.
John Major 1996.jpg جون ميجور
النائب عن Huntingdon
28 November
1990
2 May
1997
المحافظون
(Major Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[64][65]
1992
Early 1990s recession; Gulf War; ratification of the Maastricht Treaty and the Maastricht Rebels; forced exit from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism ("Black Wednesday"); the Downing Street Declaration (initiating the Northern Ireland peace process); Citizen's Charter; Sunday Shopping; "Back to Basics" campaign; Cones Hotline; Dangerous Dogs Act.
TonyBlairBasra.JPG توني بلير
النائب عن Sedgefield
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
العمال
(Blair Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[66][67]
1997, 2001, 2005
Hong Kong handover; مصرع ديانا، أميرة ويلز؛ استقلال بنك إنگلترة؛ Ecclestone tobacco controversy; Belfast Agreement; Human Rights Act; devolution to Scotland and Wales; House of Lords Reform; Minimum wage introduced; 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia; creation of Greater London Authority and Mayoralty of London; War in Afghanistan; Iraq War; top-up fees introduced for university tuition; Civil Partnership Act; Constitutional Reform Act 2005; 2005 London bombings; Cash for Honours scandal; National identity cards introduced.
GordonBrown1234 cropped .jpg گوردون براون
النائب عن Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
27 June
2007
11 May
2010
العمال
(Brown Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& وزير الخدمة المدنية
[68]
 —
London car bombs; Glasgow Airport attack; foot-and-mouth outbreak (2007); national floods of 2007; child benefit data misplaced; Donorgate; Northern Rock nationalisation; Treaty of Lisbon; 42 Days detention; 10p Tax rate; Financial crisis of 2007–2010; Parliamentary expenses scandal; arrest of Damien Green; 2009 flu pandemic; national floods of 2009; Chilcot Inquiry.
David Cameron - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg داڤيد كامرون
النائب عن Witney
11 May
2010
Incumbent المحافظون
(Cameron Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[69]
2010
†Hung parliament; leading a حكومة ائتلافية Liberal Democrats

انظر أيضا

تسلسل زمني

المصادر

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  2. ^ "Prime minister". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  3. ^ "Glossary — Parliamentary Jargon Explained; Prime Minister". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  4. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة autogenerated1
  5. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة BBC_19May98
  6. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ "PMs through history". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group. 21 September 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2008. 
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  10. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 125–147
  11. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 148–196
  12. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 197–218
  13. ^ Clarke (1993), pp. 278–279
  14. ^ Clarke (1993), p. 281
  15. ^ Priestley (2002), p. 62
  16. ^ Priestley (2002), p. 65
  17. ^ Clarke (1993), pp. 293–294
  18. ^ Black (2006), p. 180
  19. ^ Anderson (1856), pp. 442–443
  20. ^ Black (2006), pp. 180–181
  21. ^ Clarke (1993), p. 294
  22. ^ Longford (1998), p. 63
  23. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 156–157
  24. ^ Longford (1998), p. 187
  25. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 228–231
  26. ^ Longford (1998), p. 232
  27. ^ Longford (1998), p. 246
  28. ^ Longford (1998), p. 281
  29. ^ Longford (1998), p. 282
  30. ^ Longford (1998), p. 346
  31. ^ Longford (1998), p. 351
  32. ^ Longford (1998), p. 353
  33. ^ Longford (1998), p. 357
  34. ^ Longford (1998), p. 396
  35. ^ Longford (1998), p. 433
  36. ^ خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3565: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil).
  37. ^ Longford (1998), p. 484
  38. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 492–493
  39. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 518–519
  40. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 527–528
  41. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 533–534
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  43. ^ Rose (1983), p. 265
  44. ^ Rose (1983), p. 272
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  46. ^ Rose (1983), p. 337
  47. ^ Rose (1983), p. 361
  48. ^ Rose (1983), pp. 373–374
  49. ^ Rose (1983), p. 398
  50. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 179
  51. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 158
  52. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 147
  53. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 178
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  55. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 248
  56. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 272
  57. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 286
  58. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 331
  59. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 357
  60. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 376
  61. ^ "Lord Callaghan of Cardiff". The Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. 28 March 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  62. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 397
  63. ^ Ballantyne, Aileen (5 May 1979). "Crowd's long cold wait for lady of the hour". The Guardian. Guardian and Manchester Evening News Ltd. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  64. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 437
  65. ^ "'John Major? Who's he?' asks Thatcher". The Independent. Newspaper Publishing PLC. 6 August 1995. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  66. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 476
  67. ^ "The Blair Years: 1997-2007". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph Media Group. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  68. ^ خطأ لوا في وحدة:Citation/CS1 على السطر 3565: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil).
  69. ^ "BBC News - David Cameron is UK's new prime minister". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 

قائمة المراجع

وصلات خارجية