رئيس أذربيجان

President
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Prezidenti
Flag of the President of Azerbaijan.svg
Standard of the President
Ilham Aliyev (official portrait) (cropped).jpg
الحالي
Ilham Aliyev

منذ 31 October 2003
النوعhead of state
المقرZuğulba Residence in Baku (primary)
طول المدةFive years,
unlimited number of terms[1]
التشكل19 May 1990 (de facto)[2]
30 August 1991 (de jure)
أول شاغلAyaz Mutalibov
النائبVice President of Azerbaijan
الراتب180,000 AZN annually[3]
الموقع الإلكترونيThe President of Azerbaijan
أذربيجان
Coat of arms of Azerbaijan.svg

هذه المقالة هي جزء من سلسلة:
سياسة وحكومة
أذربيجان


انظر أيضاً:
صراع ناجورنو قرة باغ


دول أخرى • أطلس
 بوابة السياسة
ع  ن  ت

The president of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan. The Constitution states that the president is the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he/she "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his executive office, the Presidential Administration, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers regarding economic and social policy and a Security Council regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters.

The primary workplace is the presidential building (also known as the presidential apparatus) on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[4][5][6] Ilham Aliyev, son of the former president, Heydar, elected as 4th and current president on 31 October 2003 after his father's resignation due to his deteriorating health and eventually died several months later.

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Selection process and term

Eligibility

Candidates for the position must be Azerbaijani citizens without age restrictions and have lived in Azerbaijan for at least 10 years.[7] According to the Constitution of Azerbaijan, the same person can be on the post of President an unlimited number of terms.

Election

Each faction in the National Assembly has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections. The minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 40,000, before amendments to the law.[8]

Term of office

Prior to 2009, the term of office was five years, with a maximum of two terms. A referendum in 2009 removed the limit on the number of terms, and in 2016, another referendum increased the term to seven years. According to the Azerbaijani administration, a longer term would provide for more continuity in decision-making. The Venice Commission, of which Azerbaijan is a member, warned that this and other provisions of the referendum gave "unprecedented" authority to the president, and could severely upset the balance of power.[1]

Inauguration

The official inauguration ceremony of the President is not publicly held, occurring with the participation of officials of the Azerbaijan state (representatives of political parties, public organizations, military personnel, religious figures), members of the government, deputies of the National Assembly, members of the president's family, as well as foreign representatives and other invited guests.

It is held within three days after the confirmation of the elected president by the Constitutional Court, during which the president takes the following oath:[9]

"I swear, while exercising the powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to observe the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to protect the independence and territorial integrity of the state, and to serve the people with dignity."

Then the person elected President of Azerbaijan puts his right hand on the Koran and takes the following oath:

"I will remain faithful to the national moral values and traditions created by the Azerbaijani people for centuries, and I will always hold them high."

Then the President-elect of Azerbaijan bows and kisses the Azerbaijani flag. The ceremony ends with a speech by the President-elect of Azerbaijan. The following is a list of presidential inaugurations:

Place Date
National Assembly Building 17 June 1992 [10]
Heydar Aliyev Palace 10 October 1993 [11]
18 October 1998 [11]
31 October 2003 [11]
24 October 2008 [11]
National Assembly Building 19 October 2013 [12]

Powers and duties

Guarantor of the Constitution

As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the president ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country's Constitution and federal laws.

Foreign policy

The president is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The president determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.

Military policy

The president serves as the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. In this capacity, he has the power to declare a martial law.

Agencies under the president

Presidential Administration

The Office of the President of Azerbaijan is the executive administration of President, and is in charge of fulfilling the constitutional responsibilities of the President.[13] The headquarters of office is located on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[14] It is currently headed by Samir Nuriyev.

Security Council

A meeting of the security council.

The Security Council (Təhlükəsizlik Şurası) is an advisory body to the President, established on 10 April 1997. The Security Council ensures the creation of conditions for the President to exercise his constitutional powers in the field of security. The Chairman of the Security Council under the President of Azerbaijan is the President of Azerbaijan.[15] The following people are members of the council:

Position Holder
President/Chairman Ilham Aliyev
Vice President of Azerbaijan Mehriban Aliyeva
Secretary of Security Council Ramil Usubov
Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Ali Asadov
Chairman of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan Sahiba Gafarova
Head of the Presidential Administration Samir Nuriyev
Assistant to the President for Law Enforcement and Military Affairs Fuad Alasgarov
Prosecutor General of Azerbaijan Kamran Aliyev
Minister of Internal Affairs Vilayat Eyvazov
Minister of Defense Zakir Hasanov
Minister of Foreign Affairs Jeyhun Bayramov
Head of the State Border Service Elchin Guliyev
Head of the State Security Service Ali Nağıyev
Head of the Foreign Intelligence Service Orxan Sultanov

Chief military advisors to the President of Azerbaijan have included Nuraddin Sadigov (1993–1999), Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).


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الرموز

الراية

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, the standard is handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions. The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan.[16] A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan president.

العلم العسكري

The flag of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces was approved by the decree of President Ilham Aliyev on 11 April 2019.[17] The flag of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief is the official military symbol of the President of Azerbaijan, with the original being kept in the service room of the President located in the Presidential Palace. It resembles the army flag but with the words "Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan".[17][18]

الشارة

Badge of the President.

The badge of the president (Prezidentinin döş nişanı) was approved by decree on September 15, 2008.[19] It is in the shape of an octagonal star made of 18 carat gold, placed in a circle with a diameter. In the center is a mined image of the State Emblem of Azerbaijan, which is surrounded by two rings and 60 diamonds are lined up between the rings.[20]

Residences

The main (since 2008) presidential residence is Zagulba (بالأذربيجانية: Zaqulba).[21] Also, the president has several part-time residences outside of Baku:

  • Youth Presidential Palace
  • Presidential Mountain Palace in Qabala
  • "Freedom" Guest House
  • Palace of Happiness
  • Gulustan Palace
  • Presidential Library
  • "Marxal" Treatment and Recreation Complex

As well as several vacation residences:

Transport and security

National transport services for the Azerbaijan president are provided by the Special Purpose Garage,[22] which is a unit within the Special State Protection Service.[23]

The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.

يوضح هذا الجدول قائمة رؤساء جمهورية أذربيجان منذ استقلالها عن الاتحاد السوفياتي في 30 أغسطس 1991.

رؤساء أذربيجان (1991 - حتى الآن)

الترتيب الصورة الاسم بداية الولاية نهاية الولاية الحزب ملاحظات
1 Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg إياز مطليبوف
(مواليد 12 مايو 1938)
30 أكتوبر
1991
6 مارس
1992
الحزب الشيوعي تم إنشاء منصب الرئيس خصيصا له قبل الاستقلال. أجبر على الاستقالة.
وفقا للدستور، رئيس البرلمان يعقوب محمدوف يتولى المنصب مؤقتا.
1 Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg إياز مطليبوف
(مواليد 12 مايو 1938)
14 مايو
1992
18 مايو
1992
الحزب الشيوعي أعيد من قبل البرلمان. ثم تم عزله من جديد.
وفقا للدستور، رئيس البرلمان عيسى قمبر يتولى المنصب مؤقتا.
2 Əbülfəz Elçibəy portret.jpg أبو الفضل إلجي بيك
(24 juin 1938 - 22 août 2000)
16 juin
1992
1قالب:Er septembre
1993
Front populaire Fuit la capitale devant une révolte dès juin 1993.
Conformément à la Constitution, le président du Parlement حيدر علييف assure l'intérim.
3 Heydar Aliyev 1997.jpg حيدر علييف
(10 mai 1923 - 12 décembre 2003)
1قالب:Er octobre
1993
31 octobre
2003
حزب أذربيجان الجديدة De facto chef de l'État dès la fuite d'Eltchibeï.
4 Ilham Aliyev par Claude Truong-Ngoc juin 2014.jpg إلهام علييف
(né le 24 décembre 1961)
31 octobre
2003
en cours حزب أذربيجان الجديدة Fils du précédent.

انظر ايضا


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الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب "Azerbaijan holds referendum to extend president's term". Reuters. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 2019-04-24 – via www.reuters.com.
  2. ^ "Высшие органы государственной власти Азербайджанской ССР". Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
  3. ^ "5 Highest Paid Asian Political Leaders". Archived from the original on 2018-07-26.
  4. ^ "Kompass catalog". Archived from the original on 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
  5. ^ "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
  6. ^ Baku Information Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASINDA DÖVLƏT HAKİMİYYƏTİ HAQQINDA ÜMUMİ MƏLUMAT". www.taxes.gov.az (in الأذربيجانية). Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Ten Candidates Registered For Azerbaijani Presidential Election". www.rferl.org. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Конституция Азербайджанской Республики". base.spinform.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  10. ^ "22 il öncə bu günlər torpaqlarımız azad edilirdi..." (in الأذربيجانية). Archived from the original on 2014-07-23. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  11. ^ أ ب ت ث "Дворец имени Гейдара Алиева, Баку, Азербайджан: описание, фото, где находится на карте, как добраться". www.1000mest.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  12. ^ "В Милли Меджлис состоялась инаугурация Президента Азербайджанской Республики" (in الروسية). Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  13. ^ OSCE Office in Baku
  14. ^ "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2010-08-15.
  15. ^ "Azərbaycan Respublikası Təhlükəsizlik Şurası".
  16. ^ "Standard of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan" (PDF). Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Presidential Library. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
  17. ^ أ ب "Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələri Ali Baş Komandanının bayrağı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 11 aprel 2019-cu il tarixli 622 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 2019-04-20. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  18. ^ ONA.az. "Ali Baş Komandanın bayrağının hazırlanması, saxlanması və asılması qaydası müəyyənləşib". ONA (in الأذربيجانية). Retrieved 2021-04-22.
  19. ^ "Azərbaycan Prezidentinin döş nişanı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 15 sentyabr 2008-ci il tarixli 832 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 2019-04-20. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  20. ^ "Azərbaycan Prezidentinin döş nişanı haqqında Azərbaycan Prezidentinin 15 sentyabr 2008-ci il tarixli 832 nömrəli Fərmanı". www.e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 2019-04-20. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
  21. ^ ВИЗИТ НЕ ВЕЖЛИВОСТИ. gazeta-nv.info (in الروسية). Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  22. ^ Republic of Azerbaijan - Special State Protection Service Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Heydar Aliyev's Heritage International Online Library: Speech by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, the High Chief in a ceremony marking the 5th anniversary of the founding of the National Guard - National Guard headquarters in Azerbaijan, 25 December 1996 Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (in روسية)

وصلات خارجية


قالب:رؤساء دول وحكومات آسيا قالب:رؤساء دول وحكومات أوروبا