پرث، أستراليا الغربية

Perth
أستراليا الغربية
Perth skyline 2.jpg
Perth's skyline, viewed from South Perth.
Perth is located in أستراليا
Perth
Perth
Coordinates 31°57′8″S 115°51′32″E / 31.95222°S 115.85889°E / -31.95222; 115.85889Coordinates: 31°57′8″S 115°51′32″E / 31.95222°S 115.85889°E / -31.95222; 115.85889
Population 2٬066٬564 (2016)[1] (4th)
 • Density 322�0000/km2 (833٫976/sq mi)
Established 1829
Area 6٬417٫9 km2 (2٬478�0 sq mi)(GCCSA)[2]
Time zone AWST (UTC+8)
Location
State electorate(s) Perth (and 41 others)[7]
Federal Division(s) Perth (and 10 others)
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.6 °C
76 °F
12.7 °C
55 °F
850٫0 mm
33٫5 in

پرث (بالإنجليزية: Perth) هي عاصمة ولاية أستراليا الغربية، والمدينة الأكثر اكتظاظاً بالسكان فيها. بلغ عدد سكانها مليون ونصف المليون في يونيو عام 2004 مما يجعلها رابع أكبر أستراليا من ناحية عدد السكان. مساحتها 5386 كم2.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الجغرافيا

Perth skyline, viewed from Mill Point



المناخ

بيانات مناخ Perth, Western Australia
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 45.8
(114.4)
46.2
(115.2)
42.4
(108.3)
37.6
(99.7)
34.3
(93.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.3
(79.3)
27.8
(82)
34.2
(93.6)
37.3
(99.1)
40.3
(104.5)
44.2
(111.6)
46٫2
(115٫2)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
29.6
(85.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.1
(66.4)
20.4
(68.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.6
(79.9)
29.1
(84.4)
24٫8
(76٫6)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 24.8
(76.6)
25.1
(77.2)
23.1
(73.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.4
(61.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.1
(55.6)
13.7
(56.7)
15.0
(59)
17.5
(63.5)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
18٫8
(65٫8)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
16.6
(61.9)
13.8
(56.8)
10.5
(50.9)
8.6
(47.5)
7.7
(45.9)
8.3
(46.9)
9.6
(49.3)
11.5
(52.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16.4
(61.5)
12٫8
(55)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) 8.9
(48)
8.7
(47.7)
6.3
(43.3)
4.1
(39.4)
1.3
(34.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32)
1.3
(34.3)
1.0
(33.8)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
7.9
(46.2)
-0٫7
سقوط الأمطار mm (inches) 15.4
(0.606)
8.8
(0.346)
20.5
(0.807)
36.5
(1.437)
90.2
(3.551)
126.7
(4.988)
144.7
(5.697)
122.4
(4.819)
88.0
(3.465)
38.6
(1.52)
23.7
(0.933)
9.9
(0.39)
730٫5
(28٫76)
Avg. precipitation days 2.4 2.1 4.1 6.7 11.1 15.2 16.9 15.7 15.3 8.7 6.3 3.9 108٫4
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[8][9][10]
Temperatures: 1993–2015; Extremes: 1897–2015; Rain data: 1876–2012

{{#section::Fremantle|weatherbox}}

Climate data for Perth
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.1
(70.0)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.1
(66.4)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
20.4
(68.7)
Mean daily daylight hours 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 14.0 12.0
Average Ultraviolet index 11+ 11 9 6 4 3 3 4 6 8 10 11+ 7.2
Source #1: METOC (sea temperature),[13] ARPANSA (UV index) [14]
Source #2: Bureau of Meteorology (daylight hours) [15]


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السكان

Perth is Australia's fourth-most populous city, having overtaken Adelaide's population in 1984.[19] In June 2015 there were approximately 2.04 million residents in the metropolitan area.[1]


الجماعات العرقية

One dot represents 100 persons born in:
United Kingdom (dark blue),
China (red),
Italy (light green),
Malaysia (dark green),
South Africa (brown),
Singapore (purple) and
Vietnam (yellow), based on 2006 Census.



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انظر أيضاً


الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2015–16". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Greater Perth: Basic Community Profile" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and ADELAIDE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and DARWIN CITY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  7. ^ "2011 Electoral Boundaries". State of Western Australia – Office of the Electoral Distribution Commissioners. 2014. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  8. ^ Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (January 2013). "Perth Metro Climate Averages" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  9. ^ Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (January 2013). "Perth Metro Climatic Extremes" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Climate statistics for Perth Metro". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Climate statistics for Kalamunda". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  12. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة JandakotAP
  13. ^ "Perth, Australia - Coastal Sea Surface Temperatures". Metoc. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Perth, Australia - UV index". ARPANSA. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Perth, Australia - Perth Metro Climatic Averages" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  16. ^ "3218.0 Historical Population Estimates by Australian Statistical Geography Standard, 1971 to 2011" (XLS). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  17. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة landgate map
  18. ^ "Greater Perth". 2011 Census QuickStats. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  19. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012-13". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  20. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Perth (Statistical Division)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 19 September 2008.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Perth landmarks

قالب:Western Australia

خطأ لوا في وحدة:Authority_control على السطر 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).