بورشن‌شافت

Flag of the Urburschenschaft

بورشن‌شافت (Burschenschaften؛ وتُختصر B! في الألمانية؛ وتُجمع: B!B!) هم Studentenverbindungen (إخائيات طلابية) تقليدية في ألمانيا. Burschenschaften were founded in the 19th century as associations of university students inspired by liberal and nationalistic ideas. They were significantly involved in the ثورة مارس وتوحيد ألمانيا. After the formation of the German Empire in 1871, they faced a crisis, as their main political objective had been realized. So-called Reformburschenschaften were established, but these were dissolved by the National Socialist regime in 1935/6. In West Germany, the Burschenschaften were re-established in the 1950s, but they faced a renewed crisis in the 1960s and 1970s, as the mainstream political outlook of the German student movement of that period swerved to the radical left. Roughly 160 Burschenschaften exist today in Germany and Austria.

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التاريخ

طلاب ينا يخرجون إلى ميدان حرب التحرير، 1813 (فرديناند هولدر، 1908-09)


الأصول

أبرز أعضاء بورشن‌شافت


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انظر أيضاً

للاستزادة

  • Martin Biastoch: Tübinger Studenten im Kaiserreich. Eine sozialgeschichtliche Untersuchung, Sigmaringen 1996 (Contubernium - Tübinger Beiträge zur Universitäts- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte Bd. 44) ISBN 3-515-08022-8

وصلات خارجية

الهامش