بتسي دى‌ڤوس

قالب:Infobox US cabinet official Elisabeth Dee DeVos ( /dəˈvɒs/; née Prince; born January 8, 1958) is an American businesswoman, philanthropist and government official serving as the 11th and current United States Secretary of Education since 2017.

DeVos is a Republican known for her support for school choice, school voucher programs, and charter schools.[1][2][3][4] She was Republican National Committeewoman for Michigan from 1992 to 1997 and served as chair of the Michigan Republican Party from 1996 to 2000, with reelection to the post in 2003. DeVos has been an advocate of the Detroit charter school system[5][6] and she is a member of the board of the Foundation for Excellence in Education. She has served as chair of the board of the Alliance for School Choice and the Acton Institute and headed the All Children Matter[7] PAC, which has received wide criticism for meddling in elections at the state level.

DeVos is married to Dick DeVos, the former CEO of the multi-level marketing company Amway, and is the daughter-in-law of Amway's billionaire co-founder, Richard DeVos.[8][9] Her brother, Erik Prince, a former U.S. Navy SEAL officer, is the founder of Blackwater USA.[10] Their father is Edgar Prince, founder of the Prince Corporation.[11][12] In 2016, the DeVos family was listed by Forbes as the 88th richest family in America, with an estimated net worth of $5.4 billion.[13]

On November 23, 2016 then-President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate DeVos to serve as Secretary of Education in his administration, after his initial pick, Jerry Falwell Jr., rejected the offer.[14] On January 31, following strong opposition to the nomination from Democrats, the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions approved her nomination on a party-line vote, sending her nomination to the Senate floor.[15] On February 7, 2017, DeVos was confirmed by the Senate by a 51–50 margin, with Vice President Mike Pence breaking the tie in favor of DeVos's nomination. This was the first time in U.S. history that a Cabinet nominee's confirmation was decided by the vice president's tiebreaking vote.[16][17][18]

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External links

Wikiquote-logo.svg اقرأ اقتباسات ذات علاقة ببتسي دى‌ڤوس، في معرفة الاقتباس.
مناصب حزبية
سبقه
Susy Avery
Chair of the Michigan Republican Party
1996–2000
تبعه
Gerald Hills
سبقه
Gerald Hills
Chair of the Michigan Republican Party
2003–2005
تبعه
Saul Anuzis
مناصب سياسية
سبقه
John King Jr.
United States Secretary of Education
2017–present
الحالي
ترتيب الأولوية في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
سبقه
Rick Perry
بصفته Secretary of Energy
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Education
تبعه
David Shulkin
بصفته Secretary of Veterans Affairs
ترتيب الأولوية
سبقه
Rick Perry
بصفته Secretary of Energy
15th in line
as Secretary of Education
تبعه
David Shulkin
بصفته Secretary of Veterans Affairs

قالب:USSecEd

  1. ^ Miller, Emily McFarlan (February 7, 2017). "Betsy DeVos: 5 faith facts to know about the Education secretary". USA Today (in English). Retrieved February 11, 2017. DeVos grew up in the Christian Reformed Church and graduated from schools affiliated with the tradition: Holland Christian Schools in Holland, Mich., and Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Mich.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ Pulliam Bailey, Sarah (November 23, 2016). "Betsy DeVos, Trump's education pick, is a billionaire with deep ties to the Christian Reformed community". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
  3. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Politico_120216
  4. ^ Stewart, Katherine (December 13, 2016). "Betsy DeVos and God's Plan for Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  5. ^ Ponnuru, Ramesh (November 28, 2016). "DeVos and Detroit's Charter Schools". National Review. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  6. ^ Zernike, Kate (June 28, 2016). "A Sea of Charter Schools in Detroit Leaves Students Adrift". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  7. ^ "Trump's education secretary pick led group that owes millions in election fines". POLITICO. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  8. ^ Peterson-Withorn, Chase (November 23, 2016). "Trump Picks Betsy DeVos, Daughter-in-Law of Billionaire Amway Cofounder, for Education Secretary". Forbes. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
  9. ^ "How Betsy DeVos Could Fix America's Broken Education System". The New Hampshire Review. January 22, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  10. ^ Scahill, Jeremy (2008). Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Arm. Nation Books. ASIN B0097CYTYA.Prince, Erik (2014). Civilian Warriors: The Inside Story of Blackwater and the Unsung Heroes of the War on Terror. Portfolio. ISBN 978-1-59184-745-8.
  11. ^ ""Edgar D. Prince". New Netherland Institute.
  12. ^ Benjamin Wermund and Kimberly Hefling (November 25, 2016). "Trump's education secretary pick supported anti-gay causes". Politico. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "2016 Forbes 400". Forbes (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  14. ^ Brown, Emma (November 23, 2016). "Trump picks billionaire Betsy DeVos, school voucher advocate, as education secretary". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  15. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة hill-committee-approves
  16. ^ Hutterman, Emmarie (February 7, 2017). "Betsy DeVos Confirmed as Education Secretary; Pence Breaks Tie". Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  17. ^ Elving, Ron (February 7, 2017). "Pence Becomes First VP to Break Senate Tie over Cabinet Nomination". NPR. Washington, D.C. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  18. ^ Huetteman, Emmarie (February 7, 2017). "Mike Pence's Vote on a Cabinet Nominee Would Be Historic". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved February 7, 2017.


خطأ استشهاد: وسوم <ref> موجودة لمجموعة اسمها "lower-alpha"، ولكن لم يتم العثور على وسم <references group="lower-alpha"/> أو هناك وسم </ref> ناقص