إنتركونتننتال إكستشينج

Intercontinental Exchange, Inc.
النوعPublic
رمز التداول
الصناعةBusiness services
Financial services
Financial Markets
Technology
تأسست11 مايو 2000; منذ 20 سنة (2000-05-11
المؤسسJeffrey Sprecher
المقر الرئيسي،
U.S.
الأشخاص الرئيسيون
Jeffrey Sprecher
(Chairman and CEO)
Scott Hill
(CFO)
Benjamin Jackson
(President)
المنتجاتClearing
Exchange Listing
Financial Data
الدخل دولار6٫55 billion (2019)
ربح العمليات US$2.67 billion (2019)
Decrease US$1.96 billion (2019)
إجمالي الأصول US$94.49 billion (2019)
إجمالي الأنصبة US$17.29 billion (2019)
الموظفون5,989 (2019)
الشركات التابعةNew York Stock Exchange
الموقع الإلكترونيtheice.com
Footnotes / references
[1]

The Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) is an American Fortune 500 company formed in 2000 that operates global exchanges, clearing houses and provides mortgage technology, data and listing services. The company owns exchanges for financial and commodity markets, and operates 12 regulated exchanges and marketplaces. This includes ICE futures exchanges in the United States, Canada and Europe, the Liffe futures exchanges in Europe, the New York Stock Exchange, equity options exchanges and OTC energy, credit and equity markets.

ICE also owns and operates six central clearing houses: ICE Clear U.S., ICE Clear Europe, ICE Clear Singapore, ICE Clear Credit, ICE Clear Netherlands and ICE NGX. ICE has offices in Atlanta, New York, London, Chicago, Bedford, Houston, Winnipeg, Amsterdam, Calgary, Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Tel Aviv and Singapore.

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التاريخ

Jeffrey C. Sprecher was a power plant developer who spotted a need for a seamless market in natural gas used to power generators.[2] In the late 1990s, Sprecher acquired Continental Power Exchange, Inc. with the objective of developing an Internet-based platform to provide a more transparent and efficient market structure for OTC energy commodity trading.[3][4]

In May 2000, ICE was founded by Sprecher and backed by Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, BP, Total, Shell, Deutsche Bank and Société Générale.[5][6]


انظر أيضاً

ملاحظات

الهامش

  1. ^ "US SEC: Form 10-K Intercontinental Exchange, Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  2. ^ "Timeline: Growth of the IntercontinentalExchange". Reuters. December 20, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2013."Atlanta-based ICE operates four regulated futures exchanges, two over-the-counter markets and five clearing houses globally. Its growth from a small energy exchange since the early 2000s has been influential in the evolution of the derivatives markets since then, paralleling the rise of commodities as a mainstream asset class, the consolidation of the exchange industry, the disappearance of the floor trader with the move to all-electronic trading platforms and the growth of swaps clearing."
  3. ^ (Popper 2013)
  4. ^ Nathaniel Popper (January 19, 2013). "Buying the N.Y.S.E., in One Shot". New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  5. ^ Greenberger, Michael (2008). "Energy Market Manipulation and Federal Enforcement Regimes". Testimony presented at a hearing of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. 110th Congress, 1st Session (2008). University of Maryland. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
  6. ^ Louise Story (December 11, 2010). "A Secretive Banking Elite Rules Trading in Derivatives". New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2013.

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