إم-48 پاتون

M48 Patton
M48 Patton Thun.jpg
M48 Patton on display in Thun, Switzerland
النوعMedium tank[1]
مكان الأصلالولايات المتحدة
تاريخ الخدمة
في الخدمة1953-1990s U.S
الحروب1958 Lebanon crisis
Portuguese Colonial War
Vietnam War
Six Day War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Yom Kippur war[2]
Lebanese Civil War
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
Iran–Iraq War
Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
Turkey–PKK conflict
تاريخ الانتاج
الصانعM48: Chrysler, Fisher Body, Ford Motor Company, American Locomotive Company
أُنتِجM48: 1952–1959
No. المُنتجM48: ≈12,000
التنويعاتMany, see the variants section
المواصفات
الوزنM48: 49.6 طن صغيرs (44.3 طن كبيرs; 45.0 t) combat ready
الطول9.30 متر
العرض3.65 متر
الارتفاع3.10 متر
الطاقم4 (قائد، مدفعجي، معمر، غواص)

الدرعUpper Glacis: 110 mم (0.36 قدم) at 60° = 220 mم (0.72 قدم) LoS
مقدمة البرج: 178 mم (0.584 قدم) at 0°[3]
التدريع
الرئيسي
90 mm T54; M48A3 90 mm gun M41; M48A5 and later variants: 105 mm M68 gun
التدريع
الثانوي
.50 cal (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun
.30 cal (7.62 mm) M73 Machine gun
المحركContinental AVSI-1790-6 V12, air-cooled Twin-turbo gasoline engine (early M48s) 810 SAE gross hp = 650 DIN hp (478 kW)
Continental AVDS-1790-2 V12, air-cooled Twin-turbo diesel engine
750 hp
القدرة/الوزن15.1 hp/ton (16.6/tonne)
نقل الحركةGeneral Motors CD-850-4A or -4B, 2 ranges forward, 1 reverse
التعليقTorsion bar suspension
سعة الوقود200 غال-أمريكي (760 ل; 170 غالون إمب)
المدى
العملياتي
M48 and M48A1 113 km, M48A2 258 km, M48A3 463 km, M48A5 499 km (all on road)[4]
السرعةM48A5: 30 ميل/س (48 كم/س)

إم-48 پاتون M48 Patton هي دبابة معارك رئيسية (MBT) صُممت في الولايات المتحدة. It was the third tank[5] to be officially named after General George S. Patton, commander of the U.S. Third Army[6] during World War II and one of the earliest American advocates for the use of tanks in battle.[7] It was a further development of the M47 Patton tank. The M48 Patton was in U.S. service until replaced by the M60[6] and served as the U.S. Army and Marine Corps's primary battle tank in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. It was widely used by U.S. Cold War allies, especially other NATO countries.

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التاريخ


المستخدمون

Map of M48 Patton operators in blue with former operators in red

مستخدمون حاليون

Most of all M48A3K are used in reserve but ROKM continues to use a few tanks in active service. However, the ROKM's M48A3K are being replaced with K-1 Tanks

مستخدمون سابقون


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انظر أيضاً

الدبابات المناظرة من حيث الدور، الأداء والفترة

  • T-54 – a contemporary Soviet design
  • سنتوريون – تصميم بريطاني معاصر لهل

المراجع

الهامش
  1. ^ Hunnicutt, p. 35
  2. ^ The Yom Kippur war the revised and definitive edition by the insight team of the sunday times page 140
  3. ^ Hunnicutt, R.P. (1984). Patton: A History of the American MBT. Presidio. p. 428.
  4. ^ Jane's Armour & Artillery 1989-90
  5. ^ Hunnicutt, p. 93
  6. ^ أ ب Hunnicutt
  7. ^ although the Ordnance Committee Minutes/OCM #33476 ceased utilizing the heavy, medium, and light tank designations on 7 November 1950; going to the "...Gun Tank designation")
  8. ^ John Pike. "Army Equipment - Israel". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  9. ^ John Pike. "Army Equipment - Taiwan". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Pakistan Land Forces military equipment and vehicles of Pakistani Army".
  11. ^ John Pike. "Pakistan Army Equipment". Retrieved 13 February 2015.
ببليوگرافيا
  • Steven J Zaloga, Tony Bryan, Jim Laurier - "M26–M46 Pershing Tank 1943–1953", 2000 Osprey Publishing (New Vanguard 35), ISBN 1-84176-202-4.
  • Keith W. Nolan "Into Lao's, Operation Lam Son 719 and Dewey Canyon II" 1986. Presidio Press. Account of the US Army's final offensive of the Vietnam War.
  • Abraham Rabinovich - "The Battle for Jerusalem June 5–7, 1967", 2004 Sefer Ve Sefer Publlishing, Jerusalem, ISBN 965-7287-07-3
  • Starry, Donn A., General. "Mounted Combat In Vietnam"; Vietnam Studies. 1989; Department of the Army.
  • Hunnicutt, R. P. "Patton: A History of the American Main Battle Tank." 1984, Presidio Press; ISBN 0-89141-230-1.
  • Dunstan, Simon. "Vietnam Tracks-Armor in Battle." (1982 edition, Osprey Publishing), ISBN 0-89141-171-2.
  • Bowden, Mark "Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War" 2001, Signet; ISBN 0-451-20393-3.

وصلات خارجية