گلف‌ستريم للطيران

(تم التحويل من Gulfstream Aerospace)
Gulfstream Aerospace
النوعشركة فرعية
تأسست1958; 63 years ago (1958
المقر الرئيسيساڤنا، جورجيا، الولايات المتحدة
نطاق الخدمةWorldwide
الأشخاص الرئيسيون
مارك برنز (الرئيس)
المنتجاتطائرات أعمال نفاثة
الموظفون13,313[1]
الشركة الأمجنرال داينامكس
الموقع الإلكترونيgulfstream.com

شركة گلف‌ستريم للطيران Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation هي شركة طائرات أمريكية وهي مملوكة بالكامل لشركة جنرال داينامكس. Gulfstream designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and services business jet aircraft. Gulfstream has produced more than 2,000 aircraft since 1958. Gulfstream's current range consists of the G280, G550, G500/G600, and G650/G650ER/G700.

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التاريخ

الأصول

The company that evolved into Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. started in the late 1950s when Grumman Aircraft Engineering Co., known for military aircraft production, developed a twin turboprop business aircraft at its facilities in Bethpage, New York, called the Grumman Gulfstream I (G-I). The G-I could seat 12 passengers, had a maximum speed of 350 ميل/س (560 كم/س) at 25,000 قدم (7,620 م) and a range of 2,200 ميلs (3,540 kم).[2] The new aircraft, the first of its kind designed for business travel, was a success, prompting Grumman to develop the jet-powered Grumman Gulfstream II or GII.

المنتجات

المنتجات الحالية

الانتاج الحالي[3]
الطائرة أقصى مدى الركاب الطول ارتفاع الكابينة عرض الكابينة
گلف‌ستريم G700 7,500 nm (13,890 km) Up to 19 109 ft 10 in / 33.47 m 6 ft 3 in / 1.91 m 8 ft 2 in / 2.49 m
گلف‌ستريم G650ER 7,500 nm (13,890 km) Up to 19 99 ft 9 in / 30.41 m 6 ft 5 in / 1.96 m 8 ft 6 in / 2.59 m
گلف‌ستريم G650 7,000 nm (12,964 km) Up to 19 99 ft 9 in / 30.41 m 6 ft 5 in / 1.96 m 8 ft 6 in / 2.59 m
گلف‌ستريم G600 6,200 nm (11,482 km) Up to 19 96 ft 1 in / 29.29 m 6 ft 4 in / 1.93 m 7 ft 11 in / 2.41 m
گلف‌ستريم G500 5,000 nm (9,260 km) Up to 19 91 ft 2 in / 27.78 m 6 ft 4 in / 1.93 m 7 ft 11 in / 2.41 m
گلف‌ستريم G550 6,750 nm (12,501 km) Up to 19 96 ft 5 in / 29.39 m 6 ft 2 in / 1.88 m 7 ft 4 in / 2.24 m
گلف‌ستريم G280 3,600 nm (6,667 km) Up to 10 66 ft 10 in / 20.37 m 6 ft 3 in / 1.91 m 7 ft 2 in / 2.18 m

تاريخ المنتجات

The Grumman Gulfstream I (Model G-159) was a twin-turboprop business aircraft, certificated by the FAA on May 21, 1959[4]

The Grumman Gulfstream II was the first large business jet and basis of the Shuttle Training Aircraft. It had many variants, some still produced today, under the same type certificate:[5]

Model Designation FAA approval MTOW (lb.) Engines thrust (lbf.) range (nm)[6] sold[6] length span
G-1159 Gulfstream II October 19, 1967 64,800 Spey 511-8 11,400 3,680 250+ 79 ft 11 in 68 ft 10 in
G-1159A Gulfstream III September 22, 1980 69,700 Spey 511-8 11,400 3,760 200+ 83 ft 1 in 77 ft 10 in
G-1159B Gulfstream G-IIB September 17, 1981 69,700 Spey 511-8 11,400 79 ft 11 in 77 ft 10 in
G-IV Gulfstream IV/G300/G400 April 22, 1987 74,600 Tay 611-8 13,850 4,300 500+ 88 ft 4 in 77 ft 10 in
GV Gulfstream V April 11, 1997 90,500 BR710A1-10 14,750 6,500 190+ 96 ft 5 in 93 ft 4 in
GV-SP Gulfstream G550/G500 August 14, 2003 91,000 BR710C4-11 15,385 6,750 500+ 96 ft 5 in 93 ft 6 in
GIV-X Gulfstream G450/G350 August 12, 2004 74,600 Tay 611-8C 13,850 4,350 330+ 89 ft 4 in 77 ft 10 in

The later Gulfstream G650 has its own type certificate, approved on September 7, 2012.[7] The new Gulfstream G500/G600 also has a separate type certificate.[8]

Israel Aircraft Industries transferred ownership of the smaller Westwind Astra business jet, approved August 29, 1985 to Gulfstream Aerospace on March 26, 2002. Its derivative Astra SPX, approved January 8, 1996 was then named Gulfstream G100, approved August 9, 2002, and its second derivative Gulfstream G150 was approved on November 7, 2005.[9] The larger IAI Galaxy Type certificate, approved December 16, 1998, was transferred the same day and renamed Gulfstream G200, approved January 16, 2002.[10] It was developed into the Gulfstream G280 which have its own type certificate approved August 30, 2012. [11]

The Gulfstream American Hustler was a prototype business aircraft, which first flew on January 11, 1978, using a turboprop and a turbofan simultaneously. It was developed into prototype military trainer Gulfstream Peregrine 600, first flight May 22, 1981, and the prototype single jet Gulfstream Peregrine, first flight January 14, 1983.

The Sukhoi-Gulfstream S-21 was a projected supersonic business jet.


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النشاط المجتمعي

Gulfstream Aerospace is involved in the local Savannah community through a variety of programs and initiatives. In November 2018, $2 million was donated to the United Way of America. Over 100 programs and services at 58 nonprofits in several Georgia counties have benefited.[12][13]

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation". Answers.com. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  2. ^ Thomas, Joel (May 19, 2014). "History of Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation". Retrieved January 5, 2016.
  3. ^ "Fleet Specifications" (PDF). Gulfstream. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. 1A17, revision 19" (PDF). FAA. April 15, 1987.
  5. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A12EA, revision 46" (PDF). FAA. February 22, 2016.
  6. ^ أ ب "History". Gulfstream.
  7. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. T00015AT, Revision 10" (PDF). FAA. January 28, 2016.
  8. ^ "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. T00021AT - Gulfstream GVII-G500/GVII-G600" (PDF). FAA. June 28, 2019.
  9. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A16NM, Revision 8" (PDF). FAA. May 23, 2007.
  10. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A53NM, Revision 8" (PDF). FAA. July 12, 2005.
  11. ^ "Type Certificate date Sheet NO. A61NM, Revision 6" (PDF). FAA. April 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "United Way of the Coastal Empire Announces 2018 Campaign Goal at Kickoff". Savannah Tribune. September 12, 2018.
  13. ^ "WTOC General Manager named 2018 United Way Campaign Chair". WTOC. March 28, 2018.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Gulfstream aircraft قالب:American Aviation

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