معمر

(تم التحويل من Centenarian)
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معمرة كندية.

المعمر بالإنگليزية: Centenarian هو الشخص الذي بلغ عمره 100 عام أو أكثر أي بلغ عمره قرناً من الزمان، ويُطلق كذلك عليه اسم المئوي، في عام 2012 قدرت الأمم المتحدة عدد المعمرين الذين بلغ عددهم 316600 شخص حول العالم، غالبية المعمرين يعيشون إما مع أحفادهم أو أبنائهم دون أبناء جيلهم، ووفقاً لمكتب الإحصاءات الوطنية في بريطانيا أن ثلث من وُلِد في عام 2013 سيكونون من المعمرين، وتملك الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية أكبر عددٍ من المعمرين في العالم بمجموع 53 ألف شخص، نسبة 82% منهم من الإناث، يليها اليابان بعدد 51 ألف من المعمرين.[1][2][3] (إحصاءات 2012)

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تعداد المعمرين حسب البلد

The total number of living centenarians in the world remains uncertain. It was estimated by the Population Division of the United Nations as 23,000 in 1950, 110,000 in 1990, 150,000 in 1995, 209,000 in 2000, 324,000 in 2005[4] and 455,000 in 2009.[5] However, these older estimates did not take into account the contemporary downward adjustments of national estimates made by several countries such as the United States; thus, in 2012, the UN estimated there to be only 316,600 centenarians worldwide.[6] The following table gives estimated centenarian populations by country, including both the latest and the earliest known estimates, where available.

البلد أحدث تقدير (year) أقدم تقدير (year) معمر لكل
100,000 نسمة
Andorra 7 (2002)[7] 10.2
Argentina 3,487 (2010)[8] 8.7
Australia 4,252 (2011)[9] 50 (1901) 18.8
Austria 1,371 (2014)[10] 232 (1990),[11] 25 (1960)[11] 16.1
Belgium 2,001 (2015)[12] 23 (1950)[13] 16.9
Brazil 23,760 (2010)[13] 12.5
Canada 7,569 (2011)[13] 22.3
China 48,921 (2011)[14] 4,469 (1990),[13] 17,800 (2007)[15] 3.6
Czech Republic 625 (2011)[16] 404 (2006) 5.9
Denmark 889 (2010)[13] 32 (1941)[17] 16.1
Estonia 150 (2016)[18] 42 (1990)[11] 11.4
Finland 759 (2015)[19] 11 (1960)[11] 13.8
France 21,393 (2016)[20] 100 (1900)[21] 32.1[22]
Germany 17,000 (2012)[23] 232 (1885)[24] 21
Hungary 1,516 (2013)[25] 227 (1990), 76 (1949)[26] 15.3
Iceland 32 (2015)[27] 3 (1960)[11] 9.7
India 27,000 (2015)[28] 2.1
Ireland 389 (2011)[29] 87 (1990)[11] 8.5
Israel 2,143 (2011)[30] 27.6
Italy 19,095 (2015)[28] 19,095 (2015),[31] 99 (1872)[17] 31.5
Japan 67,824 (2017)[28] 54,397 (2013)[32] 111 (1950),[13] 155 (1960)[33] 48
Mexico 7,441 (2010) 2,403 (1990) 6.6
Netherlands 1,743 (2010)[34] 18 (1830)[35] 10.4
New Zealand 297 (1991)[36] 18 (1960)[11] 5.9
Norway 636 (2010) 44 (1951)[17] 13.1
Peru 1,682 (2011)[37] 5.6
Poland 2,414 (2009) 500 (1970)[38] 6.3
Portugal 4,066 (2015) 38.9
Russia 20,582 (2019)[39] 6,700 (2007) 14
Singapore 724 (2011)[40] 41 (1990)[11] 13.7
Slovenia 224 (2013)[41] 2 (1953)[42] 10.9[41]
South Africa 15,581 (2011)[43] - 30.1
South Korea 3,861 (2014)[44] 961 7.7
Spain 17,423 (2016) [45] 4,269 (2002) [46] 37.5
Sweden 2,084 (2017)[47] 46 (1950) 20.6
Switzerland 1,306 (2010) 7 (1860)[17] 16.6
Thailand 23,399 (2014)[48] 35.9
Turkey 5,293 (2015)[49] - 6.7
United Kingdom 13,780 (2013)[50] 107 (1911)[17][51] 21.5
United States 72,000 (2015)[28] 53,364 (2010),[52] 2,300 (1950)[53] 22
Uruguay 519 (2011)[54] 15.8[55]
World Estimates 451,000 (2015)[28] 316,600 (2012),[6] 23,000 (1950) 6.2


أشهر المعمرين

انظر أيضاً

مراجع

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