أمازون لخدمات الوب

(تم التحويل من Amazon AWS)
Amazon Web Services, Inc.
Amazon Web Services Logo.svg
نوع الموقع
Subsidiary
أشخاص بارزونAndy Jassy (CEO)[1]
الصناعةWeb service, cloud computing
الدخل $35.03 billion (2019)[2]
الربح التشغيلي $7.2 billion (2018)[3]
الوالدAmazon
الشركات التابعةAnnapurna Labs
AWS Elemental
الموقع الإلكترونيaws.amazon.com
أُطلِقمارس 2006; 15 years ago (2006-03[4][5]
الوضع الحاليActive

أمازون لخدمات الوب (Amazon Web Services ؛ AWS)، هي شركة فرعية ضمن أمازون.كوم، providing on-demand cloud computing platforms and APIs to individuals, companies, and governments, on a metered pay-as-you-go basis. These cloud computing web services provide a variety of basic abstract technical infrastructure and distributed computing building blocks and tools. One of these services is Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which allows users to have at their disposal a virtual cluster of computers, available all the time, through the Internet. AWS's version of virtual computers emulates most of the attributes of a real computer, including hardware central processing units (CPUs) and graphics processing units (GPUs) for processing; local/RAM memory; hard-disk/SSD storage; a choice of operating systems; networking; and pre-loaded application software such as web servers, databases, and customer relationship management (CRM).

The AWS technology is implemented at server farms throughout the world, and maintained by the Amazon subsidiary. Fees are based on a combination of usage (known as a "Pay-as-you-go" model), hardware, operating system, software, or networking features chosen by the subscriber required availability, redundancy, security, and service options. Subscribers can pay for a single virtual AWS computer, a dedicated physical computer, or clusters of either. As part of the subscription agreement,[6] Amazon provides security for subscribers' systems. AWS operates from many global geographical regions including 6 in North America.[7]

Amazon markets AWS to subscribers as a way of obtaining large scale computing capacity more quickly and cheaply than building an actual physical server farm.[8] All services are billed based on usage, but each service measures usage in varying ways. As of 2017, AWS owns a dominant 33% of all cloud (IaaS, PaaS) while the next two competitors Microsoft and Google have 18%, 9% respectively according to Synergy Group.[9][10]

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الهيكلية

Map showing the approximate geographical regions used by Amazon Web Services.


التاريخ

AWS Summit 2013 event in NYC.


قائمة المنتجات

Compute

  • Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) provides scalable virtual private servers using Xen.
  • Amazon Elastic MapReduce (EMR) allows businesses, researchers, data analysts, and developers to easily and cheaply process vast amounts of data. It uses a hosted Hadoop framework running on the web-scale infrastructure of EC2 and Amazon S3.
  • Amazon Lambda (LAMBDA)[11] provides a compute service that runs code in response to events and automatically manages the compute resources needed to run the code.[12]

التشبيك

  • Amazon Route 53 provides a highly available and scalable Domain Name System (DNS) web service.
  • Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) creates a logically isolated set of Amazon EC2 instances which can be connected to an existing network using a VPN connection.
  • AWS Direct Connect provides dedicated network connections into AWS data centers, providing faster and cheaper data throughput.
  • Amazon Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) automatically distributes incoming traffic across multiple Amazon EC2 instances.
  • AWS Elastic Network Adapter (ENA) provides up to 20Gbps of network bandwidth to an Amazon EC2 instance.[13]

توصيل المحتوى

تخزين وتوصيل المحتوى

  • Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) provides Web Service based storage.
  • Amazon Glacier provides a low-cost, long-term storage option (compared to S3). High redundancy and availability, but low-frequent access times. Intended for archiving data.
  • AWS Storage Gateway, an iSCSI block storage virtual appliance with cloud-based backup.
  • Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) provides persistent block-level storage volumes for EC2.
  • AWS Import/Export, accelerates moving large amounts of data into and out of AWS using portable storage devices for transport.
  • Amazon Elastic File System (EFS) a file storage service for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances.


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قواعد البيانات

الانتشار

خدمات التطبيقات

التحليل

متفرقات

الهامش

  1. ^ "Amazon Now Has Three CEOs". fortune.com. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  2. ^ "Annual revenue of Amazon Web Services from 2013 to 2019". Statista. February 2, 2020.
  3. ^ "Amazon.com Announces Fourth Quarter Sales up 20% to $72.4 Billion". About Amazon. January 31, 2019. Archived from the original on December 28, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  4. ^ "Amazon Web Services About Us". September 2011. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
  5. ^ "Amazon - Press Room - Press Release". phx.corporate-ir.net. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
  6. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة AWSagreement
  7. ^ "AWS Global Infrastructure". December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  8. ^ "What is Cloud Computing by Amazon Web Services | AWS". Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  9. ^ Aug 3, Joe Panettieri •; 2020 (2020-08-03). "Cloud Market Share 2020: Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google, IBM". ChannelE2E (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-10-12.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Infographic: Amazon Leads $100 Billion Cloud Market". Statista Infographics (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  11. ^ Ankit Giri. "Introduction To AWS LAMBDA". TO THE NEW BLOG.
  12. ^ "AWS Lambda". Amazon Web Services. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Elastic Network Adapter – High Performance Network Interface for Amazon EC2". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2016-07-08.

وصلات خارجية