أكبر گنجي

(تم التحويل من Akbar Ganji)
Akbar Ganji
اکبر گنجی
Akbar Ganji in Chicago.jpg
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد (1960-01-31) 31 يناير 1960 (age 60)
طهران، إيران
الزوج معصومه شافعي

أكبر گنجي (فارسية: اکبر گنجی ؛ النطق؛ بالإنگليزية: Akbar Ganji؛ ولد 31 يناير 1960 في طهران)[1][2] هو صحفي وكاتب إيراني، وُصِف بأنه "أبرز معارض في إيران"،[3] وهو "صحفي مدافع عن الديمقراطية، يتمتع بشعبية واسعة"، وكثيراً ما يتعدى "الخطوط الحمراء" للرقابة على الصحف. A supporter of the Islamic revolution as a youth, he became disenchanted in the mid-1990s and served time in Tehran's Evin Prison from 2001 to 2006 after publishing a series of stories on the murder of dissident authors known as the Chain Murders of Iran.[4] While in prison he issued a manifesto which established him as the first "prominent dissident, believing Muslim and former revolutionary" to call for a replacement of Iran's theocratic system with "a democracy".[5]

Having been named honorary citizen of many European cities and awarded distinctions for his writing and civil,[6] Ganji has won several international awards for his work, including the World Association of Newspapers' Golden Pen of Freedom Award,[7] Canadian Journalists for Free Expression's International Press Freedom Award, the Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders,[8] the Cato Institute Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty and the John Humphrey Freedom Award.

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السيرة

النشأة

Ganji grew up in a devout and impoverished family in Tehran. Active in the Islamist anti-Shah forces at a "relatively early age", he served in the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps during the Iran–Iraq War. He holds a Masters degree in Communications.[9]

In 1994–5 Ganji became disenchanted with the regime. "I saw a fascism and political tyranny emerging in Iran. Anyone who asked questions was branded 'anti-revolutionary' and 'against Iran'."[10] Ganji quit the Guard to become an investigative journalist. Shortly thereafter he gained fame and ran afoul of Islamic authorities by "exposing the role of high officials in sanctioning the murder of liberal dissidents".[11]

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ http://www.mahalo.com/akbar-ganji
  2. ^ "Akbar Ganji - BetterWorldHeroes.com - Biography". Betterworld.net. Retrieved 2013-07-30.
  3. ^ Kahn, Paul W. (2008-12-23). "Akbar Ganji in conversation with Charles Taylor". Ssrc.org. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
  4. ^ "Iranian dissident freed from jail". BBC News. 18 March 2006.
  5. ^ Ebadi, Shirin, Iran Awakening, by Shirin Ebadi with Azadeh Moaveni, Random House, New York, 2006, p.193
  6. ^ "Katajun Amirpur, Akbar Ganji: Beggars of the state". signandsight. 2006-07-18. Retrieved 2013-07-30.
  7. ^ "Prominent Iranian Journalist Receives Press Freedom Award In Moscow". Payvand. 2006-06-05. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
  8. ^ Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders[dead link]
  9. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2004_2009/documents/dv/akbarganji/akbarganjicv.pdf
  10. ^ Molavi, Afshin, The Soul of Iran, Norton, 2005, p. 156
  11. ^ UC Berkeley, CMES Newsletter. Spring 2007, Akbar Ganji visits Berkeley[dead link]

وصلات خارجية