گورمه

قالب:Expand Turkish

Göreme town and valley

Göreme (تركية: [ˈɟœɾeme]; Ancient Greek: Κόραμα, Kòrama), located among the "fairy chimney" rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia and has a population of around 2,000 people.[1]

Former names of the town have been Korama, Matiana, Maccan or Machan, and Avcilar.[2] When Göreme Valley nearby was designated an important tourist destination, a "center" for all tourism in Cappadocia, the name of the town was changed to Göreme for practical reasons.

Among Göreme's historically important sites are Ortahane, Durmus Kadir, Yusuf Koc and Bezirhane churches, in addition to the richly decorated Tokali Kilise, the Apple Church, and a number of homes and pigeon houses carved straight into the rock formations in the town.

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History

It is not known when Göreme was first inhabited, but it is known that there was a settlement there during the Hittite era, between 1800 and 1200 BC.[3] For many centuries, the location was central between rival empires, such as the Hurri-Mitanni, Hittite Empire, Middle Assyrian Empire, Neo Assyrian Empire, Persian Achaemenid Empire and the Greek Seleucid Empire, leading the natives to tunnel into the rock to escape the political turmoil. During the Roman era, the area became home to Christians retreating from Rome.[3] Christianity prevailed as the primary religion in the region, which is evident from many rock churches that can still be seen today.

Göreme town panorama.


National Park

Göreme National Park
موقع تراث عالمي حسب اليونسكو
Göreme cappadocia.jpg
الموقع Nevşehir Province, Anatolia, Turkey
جزء من Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
السمات ثقافي وطبيعي: (i)(iii)(v)(vii)
مراجع 357-001
التدوين 1985 (9th Session)
المساحة 9,572 ha (36.96 sq mi)
الإحداثيات 38°40′N 34°51′E / 38.667°N 34.850°E / 38.667; 34.850
گورمه is located in تركيا
گورمه
موقع گورمه في تركيا.

The Göreme National Park (tr) (Göreme Tarihî Millî Parkı in Turkish) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.[1]

Gallery

Panoramic view of the Fairy Chimneys in Göreme National Park

انظر أيضاً

References

  1. ^ أ ب Lynch, Paul; McIntosh, Alison J.; Tucker, Hazel (2009-06-02). Commercial Homes in Tourism: An International Perspective (in الإنجليزية). Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-03028-6.
  2. ^ "Goreme.org – Goreme". goreme.org. Retrieved 2015-08-30.
  3. ^ أ ب Society, National Geographic. "Cappadocia -- World Heritage Site -- National Geographic". Retrieved 2015-08-30.


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External links

Coordinates: 38°38′35″N 34°49′44″E / 38.64306°N 34.82889°E / 38.64306; 34.82889