بكتل

شركة بكتل
Bechtel Corporation
النوعخاصة
الصناعةالهندسة والإنشاءات
تأسست1898
المؤسسوارن أ. بكتل
المقر الرئيسيرستون، ڤرجينيا، الولايات المتحدة
نطاق الخدمةعالمية
أشخاص رئيسيون
  • برندان بكتل​ (المدير التنفيذي ورئيس الشركة)
  • جاك فتشر (الرئيس​ ومدير العمليات)
الدخل25.9 بليون دولار (2017)[1]
المالكعائلة بكتل
الموظفون55.000 (2017)[1]
الأقسامالبنية التحتية
التعدين والمعادن
الطاقة النووية، السلامة والبيئة
النفط والغاز والكيماويات
الموقع الإلكترونيbechtel.com

مؤسسة بكتل ( /ˈbɛktəl/)، هي شركة هندسة، توريدات، إنشاءات وادارة مشروعات أمريكية.[2][3] وهي أكبر شركة إنشاءات في الولايات المتحدة[4] وثامن أكبر شركة أمريكية خاصة في 2017.[5]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

التاريخ

التأسيس والسنوات المبكرة

الحرب العالمية الثانية، التوسع وراء البحار والعصر النووي

فترة المشروعات العملاقة

الأنشطة والمشروعات

البنية التحتية

التعدين والمعادن

النفط والغاز والكيماويات

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الطاقة النووية، الأمن والبيئة

الادارة

الشؤون المالية والترتيبات

أهم المشروعات

الاسم صورة وصف
سد هوڤر Damupstream.jpg Arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River commissioned by the Bureau of Reclamation to control flooding and provide water and hydroelectric power to the Southwestern United States and California.[6] At the time of construction, it was the world's biggest dam and the largest public works project in the history of the U.S.[7][6] Bechtel bid on the project as part of Six Companies, Inc., a group of several smaller contractors. Bechtel led construction from 1931 until completion in 1935.[8] The Hoover Dam was Bechtel's first megaproject.[9]
منظومة باي إريا للنقل السريع (BART) Berkeley BART Station 1973 Postcard.jpg Public transportation system for San Francisco Bay Area. Bechtel engineered, designed, and built BART for the Bay Area Rapid Transit District through a joint venture called Parsons-Brinkerhoff-Tudor-Bechtel. Construction began in 1964 and was completed in 1976.[10][11]
مدينة الجبيل الصناعية Saudi Navy Desert Sheild.JPEG Largest industrial city in the Middle East and the largest construction engineering project in the world.[10][12] Bechtel has been overseeing construction since the project's inception in the mid-1970s.[10] The city has been built from a master plan designed by Bechtel and encompasses infrastructure to support 19 primary industries, and produce oil and gas-based products including refined oil, petrochemicals, steel, glass and aluminium. Bechtel has also built housing, retail space, mosques, schools, clinics, and fire stations. Bechtel began construction on an expansion to the city, called Jubail Industrial City II, in 2006.[12]
نفق القناة Adit A1 Channel Tunnel - geograph.org.uk - 1244407.jpg 32-mile undersea tunnel connecting the United Kingdom and France considered by the American Society of Civil Engineers to be one of the "Seven Wonders of the Modern World".[13] Bechtel was chosen to manage the project by Eurotunnel in 1987. Construction lasted from 1988 to 1994.[14]
استرداد حقول نفط الكويت Bergan oil field fire.jpg Following the Gulf War, Bechtel was contracted to lead a team to restore oil fields damaged by Iraqi forces, including repairing 749 wells, of which 650 of which were on fire. Bechtel completed the task in eight months and under budget.[15]
Boston Central Artery/Tunnel Boston CAT Project-construction view from air.jpeg Section of Interstate 93 that runs through downtown Boston, Massachusetts. Bechtel and Parsons Brinckerhoff jointly supervised the planning and construction that re-routed and rebuilt the Central Artery from an elevated roadway to a series of underground tunnels.[16] Planning began in 1982 and construction lasted from 1991 to 2006, approximately ten years longer than initially planned.[17] Also known as "Big Dig", the project included construction of the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge, the widest cable-stayed bridge in the world,[16] and an underwater tunnel that traverses the Boston Harbor and connects downtown Boston with Logan International Airport.[16] The megaproject was considered the most complex and expensive highway project in United States history.[17][18]
هاي سپيد 1 Eurostar on CTRL.jpg High-speed railway that connects London with the Channel Tunnel. Originally called the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), Bechtel led the London and Continental Railways consortium of companies in the design, project management, and construction of the railway, including a renovation of the St Pancras railway station.[19][14] The group was selected by the UK government in 1996 and construction was completed in 2007. High Speed 1 is considered the "UK's first truly high speed rail line".[19]
مترو أثينا 20070523-NERATZIOTISA.jpg Rapid transit system in Athens, Greece. Bechtel led a consortium that built two new lines, including 17 miles of rail expansion and two stations prior to the 2004 Summer Olympics.[19] The company also worked with Greece's Ministry of Culture and Sports to ensure unearthed archaeological artifacts were preserved.[10] It's estimated that the system reduced traffic by between 200,00 and 375,000 cars.[19][10]
Chernobyl Shelter Stabilization and New Safe Confinement New-safe-confinement-April-2015-IMG 8575.jpg Structure to confine the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine, which exploded in 1986 in the worst nuclear accident in history.[10] The confinement is designed to last 100 years and replaces the original "sarcophagus" erected to contain radiation following the Chernobyl disaster.[20] Bechtel began repairs in 1998 and is now part of the team overseeing construction of the arch, which is planned to be installed over Unit 4 of the reactor in 2017.[20][21]
مصنع هانفورد لمعالجة وإزالة النفايات Handfor ERDF Grand Opening.jpg Vitrification plant to process radioactive waste at the Hanford site in Washington into a stable form that can be safely disposed. Bechtel was selected by the United States Department of Energy to lead the team designing, constructing, and commissioning the plant,[22] which is expected be the largest of its kind.[23] Work began in 2001, but the project had significant delays due to technical problems and design issues.[22] As of 2016, operations for processing "low-activity" waste are scheduled to begin as early as 2022.[23]
جسر تاكوما ناروز TopViewNarrows.jpg Suspension bridge crossing the Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington. The original Tacoma Narrows Bridge was built in the 1960s. Bechtel was selected with Peter Kiewit and Sons by the Washington State Department of Transportation to build a second, parallel bridge to accommodate increased traffic.[24] Construction began in 2002 and was completed in 2007. It was the largest American bridge built since the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in 1964.[24][25]
Sabine Pass LNG USGS map of Sabine Pass.jpg Facility of six LNG trains currently in development and a regasification plant at Sabine Pass in Louisiana. Bechtel is working on the project for Cheniere Energy Partners. Between 2005 and 2009, Bechtel built the regasification terminal. As of 2016, Trains 1 and 2 are complete, and the other trains are at varying levels of construction.[26]
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Los Alamos aerial view.jpeg U.S. research facilities that focus on nuclear weapons and national security. Bechtel has managed both laboratories in a joint venture with the University of California and other organizations since 2006 under contracts with the Department of Energy.[10]
Watts Bar Nuclear Generating Station completion Watts Bar-6.jpg Nuclear power plant in Tennessee made up of two reactors used for electric power generation. In 2007, Bechtel was chosen by the Tennessee Valley Authority to complete the second unit, which had stopped construction in 1985. Watts Bar Unit 2 was completed in 2015. It was the first nuclear reactor to come online in the United States since 1996.[27]
Crossrail Crossrail Tunnel Royal Oak Portal Construction.jpg Commuter rail linking Heathrow Airport to central London and providing connections to the city and suburbs.[10] Bechtel is part of a team of companies overseeing construction. Development began in 2009 and tunneling was completed in 2015. The Crossrail is the largest infrastructure project in Europe, and it will serve an estimated 1.5 million people upon completion.[28]
البنية التحتية الوطنية الگابونية POG-Street 1.jpg Master plan for infrastructure development in Gabon. Called “Le Gabon Émergent”, the plan was created by Bechtel and President Ali Bongo Ondimba in 2010. Its goal is to invest $25 billion in new infrastructure by 2025.[29][30] Bechtel established the country's National Infrastructure Agency and is overseeing all public works projects in the country through 2016, including in the areas of education, housing, and transport.[30]
Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System Ivanpah SEGS (2).JPG Solar thermal power plant located in the Mojave desert in California. The plant was developed and designed by BrightSource Energy, which brought in Bechtel to construct the plant between 2009 and 2014. Bechtel was also an investor in the project. Ivanpah uses heat-generating mirrors that create steam, powering turbines that produce electricity. It is the largest operating solar farm in the world.[10][31]
Curtis Island LNG Annotatedsmallcurtisjpg.jpeg Three liquefied natural gas plants on Curtis Island in Queensland, Australia. Bechtel was contracted to design and build the LNGs for three separate joint ventures. Upon completion, the trains will produce 8% of all LNG production.[10]
مترو الرياض Riyadh Metro Project.jpg Rapid transit system under construction in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Bechtel was contracted in 2013 to head a consortium to develop six lines, including all tunneling and stations. In 2016, Bechtel stated that it is the largest civil engineering project the company has undertaken in its history. The metro is scheduled to be completed in 2018.[10][32]
طريع رومانيا السريع إيه 3 Autostrada București-Ploiești (km 49).JPG This is one of the most expensive highways in the world. Bechtel built 54 km of Transylvania Motorway for EUR 1.25 billion. [10][33]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

مشروعات أخرى

المصادر

  1. ^ أ ب "America's Largest Private Companies". Forbes. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  2. ^ Sarnoff, Nancy (13 August 2013). "Bachtel decides to stay in Post Oak". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  3. ^ Schwartz, Heidi (6 March 2015). "Bechtel Corporation moving from Maryland to Virginia". Business Facilities. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  4. ^ "ENR 2017 Top 400 Contractors 1-100". Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Bechtel". Forbes. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  6. ^ أ ب "Hoover Dam". history.com. History (U.S. TV channel). Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  7. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Church1998
  8. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Hiltzik2011
  9. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Lubove1999
  10. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Tully2016
  11. ^ "A History of BART: The Project Begins". bart.gov. Bay Area Rapid Transit. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  12. ^ أ ب Michael Fahy (14 December 2013). "Site visit: Jubail Industrial City". Construction Week Online. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  13. ^ Oliver Smith (1 December 2015). "The Channel Tunnel: 20 fascinating facts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  14. ^ أ ب "Managing a project with many masters". Railway Gazette. 1 May 1999. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  15. ^ Matthew L. Wald (7 November 1991). "Amid Ceremony and Ingenuity, Kuwait's Oil-Well Fires Are Declared Out". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  16. ^ أ ب ت James P. McCarthy and Kate Driscoll Derickson (2011). "Chapter 40: Manufacturing Consent for Engineering Earth". In Stanley D. Brunn (ed.). Engineering Earth: The Impacts of Megaengineering Projects. Springer. pp. 697–712. ISBN 9048199190.
  17. ^ أ ب Anthony Flint (29 December 2015). "10 years later, did the Big Dig deliver?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  18. ^ Tom Aciteli (5 January 2016). "Boston's Big Dig Construction: a Look Back 10 Years Later". Curbed. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  19. ^ أ ب ت ث خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Brunn2011
  20. ^ أ ب John Wendle (25 April 2016). "Chernobyl's Radioactive Ruins Get a New Tomb". National Geographic. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  21. ^ "Raising the roof over Chernobyl". Nuclear Engineering International. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  22. ^ أ ب Matthew L Wald (2 April 2013). "Treatment Plant for Waste in Nuclear Cleanup Has Design Flaws, Panel Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  23. ^ أ ب Tim Newcomb (26 September 2016). "Hanford Vit Plant Takes Big Step". Engineering News-Record. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  24. ^ أ ب Rob Carson (15 July 2007). "At last, it's good to go". The News Tribune. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  25. ^ "History in the making...again". Civil + Structural Engineer. May 2004. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Bechtel hands over Sabine Pass LNG Train 2 Control to Cheniere". LNG World News. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  27. ^ Chris Mooney (17 June 2016). "It's the first new U.S. nuclear reactor in decades. And climate change has made that a very big deal". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  28. ^ "Boring job done: London's Crossrail team completes final tunnel". Global Construction Review. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  29. ^ Raj Kumar (29 October 2014). "What Bechtel partnership in Gabon could mean for development organizations". Devex. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  30. ^ أ ب John Reed (5 June 2012). "Infrastructure: Projects all in hands of Bechtel". The Financial Times. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  31. ^ Katie Fehrenbacher (13 February 2014). "The Hoover Dam of solar is now live in the desert of California. Here's why it's so important". Gigaom. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  32. ^ Deena Kamel Yousef, Deema Almashabi and Alaa Shahine (29 July 2013). "Saudi Spends $22 Billion on Riyadh Metro Line Construction". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  33. ^ "Bechtel built 54 km of Transylvania Motorway for EUR 1.25 billion, but agreed to renegotiate contract". Business Review. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  34. ^ "PRESENTATION BY BECHTEL CORPORATION ON THE NAIROBI-MOMBASA EXPRESSWAY". kepsa.or.ke. 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2019-03-22.

قراءات إضافية

  • Denton, Sally. "The Profiteers: Bechtel and the Men Who Built the World", Simon & Schuster, 2016.
  • McCartney, Laton. Friends in High Places, Ballantine Books, 1988.
  • Mead, Robert Douglas. Journeys Down the Line: Building the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, Doubleday, 1978.

وصلات خارجية