أولريش ياسپر زيتسن

Ulrich Jasper Seetzen
Ulrich Jasper Seetzen.jpg
Ulrich Jasper Seetzen. Mezzotint by F. C. Bierweiler after E. C. Dunker
وُلـِدJanuary 30, 1767
توفيسبتمبر 1811
القوميةألماني
الجامعة الأمجامعة گوتنگن

أولريش ياسپر زيتسن (بالألمانية: Ulrich Jasper Seetzen) ‏( 1180 - 1226 ه‍ / 30 يناير 1767 - سبتمبر 1811م ) هو مستشرق ورحالة ألماني.

سافر إلى مصر والحجاز واليمن. كما تعرف على هامر-پورگشتال في اسطنبول عام 1802.

من أهم آثاره «أشعار في سوريا وفلسطين وبلاد ما وراء الأردن، وبلاد العرب الصخرية Arabia Petraea ومصر السفلى». نشر في برلين، 1854.[1]

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رحلاته إلى الأردن وفلسطين

في صيف 1802 he started down the Danube with a companion Jacobsen, who broke down at Smyrna a year later. His journey was by Constantinople, where he stayed six months, thence through Asia Minor to Smyrna, then again through the heart of Asia Minor to Aleppo, where he remained from November 1803 to April 1805, and made himself sufficiently at home with Arabic speech and ways to travel as a native. Now began the part of his travels of which a full journal has been published (April 1808 to March 1809), a series of most instructive journeys in Jordan and Palestine and the wilderness of Sinai, and so on to Cairo and the Fayum.[2]

His chief exploit was a tour round the Dead Sea, which he made without a companion and in the disguise of a beggar. From Egypt he went by sea to Jidda and reached Mecca as a pilgrim in October 1809. After his pilgrimage he converted to Islam and changed his name to Hag Moses.

In Arabia he made extensive journeys, ranging from Medina to Lahak and returning to Mocha, from which place his last letters to Europe were written in November 1810. In September of the following year he left Mocha with the hope of reaching Muscat, but was found dead two days later, allegedly poisoned by his guides on orders from the imam of Sana'a.[2]


مطبوعاته

الغلاف الأمامي وخريطة مطبوعة زيتسن لعام 1810

مغامراته نُشرت لأول مرة في 1810 من جمعية فلسطين البريطانية.[3]

For the parts of Seetzen's journeys not covered by the published journal (Reisen, ed. Kruse, 4 vols, Berlin, 1854), the only printed records are a series of letters and papers in Zach's Monatliche Correspondenz and هامر Fundgruben. Many papers and collections were lost through his death or never reached Europe. The collections that were saved form the Oriental museum and the chief part of the Oriental manuscripts of the ducal library in گوتا.[2]

The American scholar Edward Robinson, writing in 1841, called Seetzen "judicious, enterprising and indefatigable."[4]

المراجع

  1. ^ بدوي, عبد الرحمن (1992). "موسوعة المستشرقين". موسوعة شبكة المعرفة الريفية. Unknown parameter |author_link= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |access_date= ignored (help); |chapter= ignored (help)
  2. ^ أ ب ت خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة EB1911
  3. ^ Kark, Ruth; Goren, Haim (2011). "Pioneering British exploration and scriptural geography: The. Syrian Society/The Palestine Association". The Geographical Journal. 177 (3): 264–274. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4959.2011.00404.x.
  4. ^ Robinson, 1841, vol III, p. 22

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