طائر نوء برمودا

(تم التحويل من Bermuda petrel)

Bermuda petrel
Bermuda Petrel From The Crossley ID Guide Eastern Birds.jpg
صورة مركبة.
Conservation status
التصنيف العلمي
مملكة: الحيوان
Phylum: الحبليات
Class: الطيور
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Genus: 'Pterodroma'
Species: ''P. cahow''
Binomial name
Pterodroma cahow
(نكولز و موبراي، 1916)
“Pelagic range of Bermuda Petrel based on data from Lotek data-loggers, 2009–2012. Most data from around the spring and fall equinox periods have been excluded. Transit from Bermuda to foraging areas around the Azores (about 4000 km from Bermuda) appears to be mostly via a southerly route, whereas the return flight occurs at higher latitudes. Graphic by Mandy Shailer.”

طائر نوء برمودا (Bermuda petrel ؛ Pterodroma cahow) هو gadfly petrel. Commonly known in Bermuda as the cahow, a name derived from its eerie cries, this nocturnal ground-nesting seabird is the national bird of Bermuda and can be found on Bermudian money. It is the second rarest seabird on the planet and a symbol of hope for nature conservation. They are known for their medium-sized body and long wings. The Bermuda petrel has a greyish-black crown and collar, dark grey upper-wings and tail, white upper-tail coverts and white under-wings edged with black, and the underparts are completely white.

For 300 years, it was thought to be extinct. The dramatic rediscovery in 1951 of eighteen nesting pairs made this a "Lazarus species", that is, a species found to be alive after having been considered extinct. This has inspired a book and two documentary films. A national programme to preserve the bird and restore the species has helped increase its numbers, but scientists are still working to enlarge its nesting habitat on the restored Nonsuch Island.

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References

  1. ^ "Pterodroma cahow". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Beebe, W. 1932. Nonsuch: Land of Water National Travel Club, New York

Amazing Cahow Facts-The Endemic Bermuda Petrel. Nonsuch Island. LookBermuda. 13 July 2015

“Cahow Fact File.” arkive. Wildscreen Arkive. Web. 26, Oct. 2015.

Lipske, Michael. Bermuda's Born Again Petrels-Conservationists are racing to build up new populations of this island's national bird, once believe extinct for nearly 400 years. National Wildlife Federation.14 January 2013

Madeiros, Jeremy; Carlile, Nicholas and Priddel, David (2011). “Breeding biology and population increase of the Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow”. Bird Conservation International, 22, 35-45

Madeiros, Jeremy, Bob Flood, and Kirk Zufelt. "Conservation and At-sea Range of Bermuda Petrel." North American Birds 67.4 (2014): 546-57. Web.

CARLILE, NICHOLAS, DAVID PRIDDEL, and JEREMY MADEIROS. "Establishment of a New, Secure Colony of Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma Cahow by Translocation of Near-Fledged Nestlings." Bird Conservation International 22.1 (2012): 46-58.

MADEIROS, JEREMY, NICHOLAS CARLILE, and DAVID PRIDDEL. "Breeding Biology and Population Increase of the Endangered Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma Cahow." Bird Conservation International 22.1 (2012): 35-45.


وصلات خارجية

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