پ-51 موستانگ

پ-51 موستانگ
P-51 Mustang
Bott4.jpg
الطائرة المقاتلة نورث أمريكان پ-51 موستانگ ، المجموعة المقاتلة 361، صيف 1944
الوظيفة مقاتلة
National origin الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
المـُصـَنـِّـع طيران أمريكا الشمالية
أول تحليق 26 اكتوبر1940
التقديم 1942
الوضع تقاعدت من الخدمة في 1984، ولا زالت مستخدمة مدنيا
المستخدم الرئيسي القوات الجوية الأمريكية
القوات الجوية الملكية، آخرون (انظر أسفل)
العدد المبني 16,766
سعر الواحدة US$50,985 in 1945[1] ($658٬187 in current value)
تطورت إلى F-82 Twin Mustang
Piper PA-48 Enforcer
تنويعات North American A-36
North American Mustang Mk.X
Cavalier Mustang
پ-51 موستانگ

طيران أمريكا الشمالية پ-51 موستانگ، هي طائرة أمريكية طويلة المدى ذات مقعد واحد من الطائرات المقاتلة في الحرب العالمية الثانية. صممت وصنعت في 117 يوم. وخرجت من الخدمة عام 1985، ولكنها ما زالت في الاستخدام المدني.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

التصميم والتطوير

النشأة

XP-51 41-039
North American NA-73X and Mustang I side-view silhouettes.png


Allison-engined Mustangs

Mustang Mk I/P-51/P-51A

Early P-51 Mustang on a test flight. Note the 20 mm cannon armament.
A-36 Apache

A-36 Apache/Invader

The Mustang Mk X AM203


Merlin-engined Mustangs

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

P-51B and P-51C

North American Mustang X, P-51B and Mustang III side-view silhouettes.png
P-51B in flight showing wing planform
The restored P-51C Mustang associated with the Tuskegee Airmen now flown by Red Tail Project as described in Red Tail Reborn
P-51B-10NA 43-7116
would be assigned to the 14th AF / 23rd FG China


N3B gunsight with A-1 head assembly (in this case mounted in a PBJ-1H)


P-51D وP-51K

P-51D My Girl at Iwo Jima, where fighters were based to escort B-29s on bombing missions to Japan in 1945
Miss Helen, a P-51D in its wartime markings as flown by Capt. Raymond H. Littge of the 487 FS, 352 FG, on aerial display in 2007. It is the last original 352 FG P-51 known to exist.


موستانگ خفيفة الوزن

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

XP-51F, XP-51G وXP-51J

P-51H

P-51H in flight


موستانگ التجريبية

تاريخ العمليات

الخدمة في الطيران الأمريكي

Pilots of all-African American 332nd Fighter Group (the Tuskegee Airmen) at Ramitelli, Italy. From left, Lt. Dempsey W. Morgran, Lt. Carroll S. Woods, Lt. Robert H. Nelron, Jr., Capt. Andrew D. Turner and Lt. Clarence P. Lester.


Florene Watson Women Airforce Service Pilots, preparing a P-51D for a ferry flight from the factory at Inglewood, California


P-51D-5NA 44-13357
8th AF / 361st FG / 374th FS
Tika IV
assigned to Lt. Vernon R. Richards


P-51D 44-14888 of the 8th AF/357th FG/363rd FS, named Glamorous Glennis III, is the aircraft in which Chuck Yeager, the future test pilot, achieved most of his 12.5 kills.


بعد الحرب العالمية الثانية

F-51 Mustang taxis through a puddle in Korea, laden with bombs and rockets.


West Virginia Air National Guard F-51D. Note: postwar "uncuffed" propeller unit.

خارج الخدمة الأمريكية

Australian P-51Ds of 82 Squadron RAAF in Bofu, Japan, as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force, in 1947


P-51D in No. 3 (Canterbury) TAF livery, performing at 2007 Wings over Wairarapa airshow


A Polish Air Force Malcolm Hood-equipped Mustang Mk III (not issued to any Squadron) personal aircraft flown by Wing Commander Tadeusz Nowierski, C/O of 133(Polish) Fighter Wing, RAF Coolham, July 1944


The F-51D in ROKAF service


A restored Swiss Air Force P-51

پ-15 والطيران المدني

Charles Blair's Excalibur III at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center (NASM)
One of many P-51D Mustangs at Oshkosh 2005, in the livery of the 352nd Fighter Group, RAF Bodney, UK


المتغيرات

الإنتاج

پ-51 على ممر الطيران


المقاسات المتماثلة

Survivors

الأنواع

Survivors

پ- 51 د موستانگ

البيانات من The Great Book of Fighters,[2] and Quest for Performance[3]

السمات العامة

الأداء

التسليح

  • 6 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns; 400 rounds per inboard gun; 270 per outboard gun
  • 2 × hardpoints for up to 2,000 lb (907 kg) of bombs
  • 10 × 5 in (127 mm) rockets
  • پ-51 هـ موستانگ

    البيانات من The Great Book of Fighters[2]

    السمات العامة

    الأداء

    التسليح

  • 6 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) Browning machine guns with 1,880 total rounds (400 rounds for each on the inner pair, and 270 rounds for each of the outer two pair), or 4 of the same guns with 1,600 total rounds (400 rpg).

  • انظر أيضا

    Early Allison-powered P-51, October 1942

    تطورات ذات صلة

    الهامش

    Notes

    1. ^ Knaack 1978.
    2. ^ أ ب Green and Swanborough 2001
    3. ^ Loftin 2006.
    4. ^ "Objects: A19520106000 — Packard (Rolls-Royce) Merlin V-1650-7." Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, Collections Database.
    5. ^ "Mustang Specifications and Performance." Flight Journal (archived P-51 webpage).

    بيبليوگرافيا

    • Aerei da combattimento della Seconda Guerra Mondiale (in Itallian). Novara: De Agostini Editore, 2005.
    • Anderson, Peter N. Mustangs of the RAAF and RNZAF. Sydney, Australia: A.H. & A.W. Reed Pty Ltd, 1975. ISBN 0-589-07130-0.
    • Angelucci, Enzo and Peter Bowers. The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft from 1917 to the Present. New York: Orion Books, 1985. ISBN 0-517-56588-9.
    • Boyne, Walter J. Clash of Wings. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. ISBN 0-684-83915-6.
    • Birch, David. Rolls-Royce and the Mustang. Derby, UK: Rolls-Royce Heritage Trust, 1987. ISBN 0-9511710-0-3.
    • Bridgman, Leonard (ed.) "The North American Mustang." Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0.
    • Carson, Leonard "Kit." Pursue & Destroy. Granada Hills, California: Sentry Books Inc., 1978. ISBN 0-913194-05-0.
    • Dean, Francis H. America's Hundred Thousand. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1997. ISBN 0-7643-0072-5.
    • Delve, Ken. The Mustang Story. London: Cassell & Co., 1999. ISBN 1-85409-259-6.
    • Donald, David, ed. Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, ON: Prospero, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
    • Ethell, Jeffrey L. Mustang: A Documentary History of the P-51. London: Jane's Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-53103-736-3
    • Ethell, Jeffrey L. P-51 Mustang: In Color, Photos from World War II and Korea. St. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International Publishers & Wholesalers, 1993. ISBN 0-87938-818-8.
    • Furse, Anthony. Wilfrid Freeman: The Genius Behind Allied Survival and Air Supremacy, 1939 to 1945. Staplehurst, UK: Spellmount, 1999. ISBN 1-86227-079-1.
    • Glancey, Jonathan. Spitfire: The Illustrated Biography. London: Atlantic Books, 2006. ISBN 978-1-84354-528-6.
    • Grant, William Newby. P-51 Mustang. London: Bison Books, 1980. ISBN 0-89009-320-2.
    • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Great Book of Fighters. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-7603-1194-3.
    • Gruenhagen, Robert W. Mustang: The story of the P-51 Fighter (rev. ed.). New York: Arco Publishing Company, Inc., 1980. ISBN 0-6680-4884-0.
    • Gunston, Bill. North American P-51 Mustang. New York: Gallery Books, 1990. ISBN 0-8317-14026.
    • Gunston, Bill and Robert F. Dorr. "North American P-51 Mustang: The Fighter That Won the War." Wings of Fame, Volume 1. London: Aerospace, 1995, pp. 56–115. ISBN 1-874023-74-3.
    • Gunston, Bill. Aerei della seconda guerra mondiale (in Italian). Milano, Peruzzo editore, 1984. No ISBN.
    • Hess, William N. Fighting Mustang: The Chronicle of the P-51. New York: Doubleday and Company, 1970. ISBN 0-912173-04-1.
    • Jerram, Michael F. P-51 Mustang. Yeovil, UK: Winchmore Publishing Services Ltd., 1984, ISBN 0-85429-423-6.
    • Johnsen, Frederick A. North American P-51 Mustang. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press Publishers and Wholesalers, 1996. ISBN 0-933424-68-X.
    • Kaplan, Philip. Fly Navy: Naval Aviators and Carrier Aviation: A History. New York: Michael Friedman Publishing Group, Incorporated, 2001. ISBN 1-58663-189-6.
    • Knaack, Marcelle Size. Encyclopedia of U.S. Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems: Volume 1 Post-World War II Fighters 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1978. ISBN 0-912799-59-5.
    • Leffingwell, Randy (and David Newhardt, photography). Mustang: 40 Years. St. Paul, Minnesota: Crestline (Imprint of MBI Publishing Company), 2003. ISBN 0-7603-2122-1.
    • Loftin, LK, Jr. Quest for Performance: The Evolution of Modern Aircraft, NASA SP-468. NASA History Office. Retrieved: 22 April 2006.
    • Matricardi, Paolo. Aerei militari: Caccia e Ricognitori(in Italian). Milano: Mondadori Electa, 2006.
    • Mietelski, Michał, Samolot myśliwski Mustang Mk. I-III wyd. I (in Polish). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, 1981. ISBN 83-11-06604-3.
    • Munson, Kenneth. Caccia e aerei da attacco e addestramento dal 1946 ad oggi(in Italian). Torino: Editrice S.A.I.E., 1969. No ISBN.
    • O'Leary, Michael. USAAF Fighters of World War Two. New York: Sterling Publishing Co., 1986. ISBN 0-7137-1839-0.
    • Olmsted, Merle. The 357th Over Europe: the 357th Fighter Group in World War II. St. Paul, Minnesota: Phalanx Publishing, 1994. ISBN 0-933424-73-6.
    • Sgarlato, Nico. "Mustang P-51" (in Italian). I Grandi Aerei Storici (Monograph series) N.7, November 2003. Parma, Italy: Delta Editrice. ISSN 1720-0636.
    • Sims, Edward H. Fighter Tactics and Strategy 1914-1970. Fallbrook, California: Aero publisher Inc., 1980. ISBN 0-8168-8795-0.
    • Smith, J. Richard, Eddie J. Creek and Peter Petrick. On Special Missions: The Luftwaffe's Research and Experimental Squadrons 1923-1945 (Air War Classics). Hersham, Surrey, UK: Classic Publications, 2004. ISBN 1-90322-333-4.
    • Spick, Mike. Fighter pilot tactics. The techniques of daylight air combat. Cambridge, Patrick Stephens, 1983. ISBN 0-85059-617-3.
    • United States Air Force Museum. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.
    • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes of the 20th Century. Reno, NV: Jack Bacon & Company, 2004. ISBN 978-0930083175.
    • Wagner, Ray. Mustang Designer: Edgar Schmued and the P-51. Herndon, VA: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000. ISBN 978-1560989943.
    • Walker, Jeff. "Empire of the Sun." Air Classics Volume 24, Number 1, January 1988.
    • White, Graham. Allied Aircraft Piston Engines of World War II. Warrendale, Pennsylvania: Society for Automotive Engineers, 1995. ISBN 1-56091-655-9.
    • Wixey, Ken. "Magnificent Mustang: A Production History of the North American P-51." Air Enthusiast Issue 95, September/October 2001.
    • Yenne, Bill: Rockwell: The Heritage of North American. New York: Crescent Books, 1989. ISBN 0-517-67252-9.

    وصلات خارجية

    قالب:Tuskegee Airmen