كاظم أوزالپ

Kâzım Özalp
Kâzım Pasha Özalp.jpg
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
في المنصب
26 نوفمبر 1924 – 1 مارس 1935
الرئيسمصطفى كمال أتاتورك
رئيس الوزراءعصمت إينونو
سبقهعلي فتحي أوقيار
خلـَفهMustafa Abdülhalik Renda
وزير الدفاع الوطني
في المنصب
1 مارس 1935 – 18 يناير 1939
الرئيسمصطفى كمال أتاتورك
عصمت إينونو
رئيس الوزراءعصمت إينونو
جلال بايار
سبقهZekai Apaydın
خلـَفهAhmet Naci Tınaz
في المنصب
10 January 1922 – 21 November 1924
الرئيسمصطفى كمال أتاتورك
رئيس الوزراءرؤوف أورباي
عصمت إينونو
سبقهRefet Bele
خلـَفهعلي فتحي أوقيار
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد
كاظم فكري

17 February 1882 (1882-02-17)
Köprülü (Veles), ولاية قوصوه، الدولة العثمانية
توفي6 June 1968 (1968-06-07) (عن عمر 86)
أنقرة، تركيا
الحزبحزب الشعب الجمهوري
الخدمة العسكرية
الكنيةKâzım Köprülü
الولاء
الرتبةGeneral
قادVan Gendarmerie Regiment, Van Mobile Gendarmerie Division, 36th Division, 37th Caucasian Division, VI Corps (deputy), 60th Division, 61st Division, XIV Corps (deputy), Kocaeli Area Command, III Corps, Minister of National Defense
المعارك/الحروب

كاظم فكري أوزالپ Kâzım Fikri Özalp ‏(17 فبراير 1882[1]6 يونيو 1968) كان ضابطاً وسياسياً تركياً، وأحد الشخصيات البارزة في حرب الاستقلال التركية.

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السيرة

Born in Köprülü (now Veles, Republic of Macedonia), in the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire into an Albanian family, Kâzım Fikri graduated from the Ottoman military school in 1902 and completed the College of War in 1905.[2] Kâzım Özalp was involved to 31 March Incident in 1909. He was a military commander during the Balkan wars. In 1917, he was promoted to the rank of the colonel. He was one of the military commanders who organized resistance groups against the occupation of Izmir. During the Turkish War of Independence, he fought at several fronts. In 1921, Kâzım Özalp was promoted to the rank General for his success at the Battle of Sakarya. After the Kurdish Sheikh Said Rebellion was subdued, he contributed to the Report for Reform of the East, which advised to establish Inspectorates General in the eastern provinces of Turkey and crush the Kurdish elite in the region.[3]

كاظم أوزالپ يغادر Dolmabahçe Palace with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
علي فؤاد جبصوي (الجالس الثالث من اليسار) مكتب الحربية، مع أصدقائه مصطفى كمال (الجالس الثاني من اليسار) و كاظم أوزالپ (الجالس الأول من اليسار).

Already a member of the first term of the parliament of the newly established Republic as an MP from Balıkesir Province, Kâzım Fikri served as the Minister of Defense in several cabinets from 1921 to 1925, and later from 1935 to 1939. He was elected Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly from 1924 to 1935. In 1950, he was elected to the parliament as an MP from Van Province.[4] He retired from active politics in 1954. He was rumored to have been a Bektashi possibly because of his opposition to the decision to close Bektashi centers (Tekke).[4]

Kâzım Özalp wrote his memoirs in his book ملي مجادله ("القتال الوطني"). He died on 6 June 1968 in Ankara. His remains were transferred to the Turkish State Cemetery.


انظر أيضاً

المراجع

  1. ^ Özalp, Kâzım (1988). Millı̂ Mücadele, 1919-1922 (in التركية). Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.
  2. ^ Gingeras, Ryan (2009). Sorrowful Shores. Oxford University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-19-160979-4.
  3. ^ Üngör, Ugur Ümit (2011). The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950 (in الإنجليزية). OUP Oxford. pp. 133–135. ISBN 978-0-19-960360-2.
  4. ^ أ ب Küçük, Hülya (2002). The role of the Bektāshīs in Turkey's national struggle. BRILL. p. 289. ISBN 90-04-12443-8.

وصلات خارجية

  • خطأ لوا في وحدة:Internet_Archive على السطر 573: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
مناصب سياسية
سبقه
Refet Bele
Minister of National Defense
10 January 1922 – 21 November 1924
تبعه
Ali Fethi Okyar
سبقه
Ali Fethi Okyar
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
26 November 1924 – 1 March 1935
تبعه
Mustafa Abdulhalik Renda
سبقه
Zekai Apaydın
Minister of National Defense
1 March 1935 – 18 January 1939
تبعه
Ahmet Naci Tınaz

قالب:Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey