البرلمان الماليزي

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
Parliament of Malaysia
Parlimen Malaysia
14th Parliament
الدرع أو الشعار
النوع
النوعBicameral
المجالسDewan Negara
Dewan Rakyat
الزعامة
Yang di-Pertuan AgongSultan Abdullah II
منذ 31 January 2019
President of Dewan NegaraVigneswaran Sanasee, BN-MIC
منذ 26 April 2016
Speaker of Dewan RakyatMohamad Ariff Md. Yusof, Independent
منذ 16 July 2018
Government LeaderVacant
منذ 24 February 2020
Opposition LeaderIsmail Sabri Yaakob, BN-UMNO
منذ 11 March 2019
الهيكل
الأعضاء292
70 Senators
222 Members of Parliament
200
الجماعات السياسية في Dewan
Negara
اعتبارا من 6 مايو 2019 (2019-05-06)
Government
██ Pakatan Harapan (16)
     DAP (7)
     PKR (6)
     AMANAH (3)
Confidence and supply
     BERSATU (10)
██ WARISAN (1)
██ UPKO (1)
██ HINDRAF (1)
Opposition
██ Barisan Nasional (27)
     UMNO (19)
     MCA (4)
     MIC (3)
██ Gagasan Sejahtera (4)
     PAS (4)
██ Gabungan Parti Sarawak (3)
     PBB (2)
     PDP (1)
██ GERAKAN (2)
██ LDP (1)
██ AMIPF (1)
██ Independent (1)
██ Vacant (1)
[[Image:Dewan Rakyat as of 2 December 2019|200|alt=Dewan Rakyat as of 2 December 2019]]
الجماعات السياسية في Dewan
Rakyat
اعتبارا من 24 فبراير 2020 (2020-02-24)

Government (92)
██ Pakatan Harapan (92)


Confidence and supply (36)
██ BERSATU (26) ██ WARISAN (9) ██ UPKO (1)
Opposition (94)
██ Barisan Nasional (42)

  •      UMNO (39)
  •      MCA (2)
  •      MIC (1)

██ Gagasan Sejahtera (18)

  •      PAS (18)

██ Gabungan Parti Sarawak (18)

  •      PBB (13)
  •      PRS (2)
  •      PDP (2)
  •      SUPP (1)

██ Azmin Ali bloc (11) ██ Gabungan Bersatu Sabah (3)

██ PSB (1)

██ Independent (1)
لجان Dewan
Negara
لجان Dewan
Rakyat
Indirect election and appointments
26 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories.
Dewan
Rakyat
نظام الاقتراع
Plurality: First-past-the-post (222 single-member constituencies)
Dewan
Rakyat
في آخر انتخابات
9 May 2018
Dewan
Rakyat
Next election
16 September 2023 or earlier
مكان الانعقاد
MalaysianParliament.jpg
Malaysian Houses of Parliament, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
الموقع الإلكتروني
parlimen.gov.my

البرلمان الماليزي (مالاي: Parlimen Malaysia) هو المجلس التشريعي في ماليزيا ويقوم على نظام وستمنستر. [1]


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التاريخ

التكوين والسلطات

As the ultimate legislative body in Malaysia, the Parliament is responsible for passing, amending and repealing acts of law. It is subordinate to the Head of State, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, under Article 39 of the Constitution.[2]

The Dewan Rakyat consists of 222 members of Parliament (MPs) elected from single-member constituencies drawn based on population in a general election using the first-past-the-post system. A general election is held every five years or when Parliament is dissolved by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister. Suffrage is given to registered voters 21 years and above, however voting is not compulsory. The age requirement to stand for election is 21 years and above. When a member of Parliament dies, resigns or become disqualified to hold a seat, a by-election is held in his constituency unless the tenure for the current Parliament is less than two years, where the seat is simply left vacant until the next general election.

The Dewan Negara consists of 70 members (Senators); 26 are elected by the 13 state assemblies (2 senators per state), 4 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to represent the 3 federal territories (2 for Kuala Lumpur, 1 each for Putrajaya and Labuan). The rest 40 members are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister. Senators must be 30 years or above, and are appointed to a three-year term for a maximum of two terms. The dissolution of the Parliament does not affect the Dewan Negara.

الإجراء

العلاقة مع الحكومة

ديوان نگارا

ديوان نگارا في مجلسي برلمان ماليزيا

The Dewan Negara (Malay for Senate, literally National Council) is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four of whom are appointed to represent the federal territories.

The Dewan Negara usually reviews legislation that has been passed by the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat. All bills must usually be passed by both the Dewan Rakyat and the Dewan Negara (the Senate), before they are sent to the King for royal assent. However, if the Dewan Negara rejects a bill, it can only delay the bill's passage by a maximum of a year before it is sent to the King. Like the Dewan Rakyat, the Dewan Negara meets at the Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur.

ديوان راقيات

ديوان راقيات في مجلسي برلمان ماليزيا

The Dewan Rakyat (Malay for House of Representatives, literally People's Hall) is the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of members elected during elections from federal constituencies drawn by the Election Commission.

The Dewan Rakyat usually proposes legislation through a draft known as a 'bill'. All bills must usually be passed by both the Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives) and the Dewan Negara, before they are sent to the King for royal assent. However, if the Dewan Negara rejects a bill, it can only delay the bill's passage by a maximum of a year before it is sent to the King. Like the Dewan Negara, the Dewan Rakyat meets at the Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur.


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انظر أيضا

المراجع

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Parliament of Malaysia قالب:Legislatures of Malaysia

الكلمات الدالة: