إرنو دوناني

الصيغة الأصلية لهذا الاسم الشخصي هي Dohnányi Ernő. هذه المقالة تستخدم الترتيب الغربي للأسماء.
إرنو فون دوناني

إرنو دوناني Ernő Dohnányi (ولد 1877 وتوفى 1960) مؤلف موسيقي مجري ومايسترو وعازف بيانو

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حياته

كان دوناني اهم شخصية موسيقية مجرية في القرن ال20 في وسط ال20 من عمره كان اعظم عازف بيانو بعد ليست. بعد عشر سنوات من التدريس في برلين عاد للوطن واصلح الحياة الموسيقية في المجر خلال التدريس وقيادة الاوركسترا والاذاعة والحفلات. اعماله الغنائية الحيوية التي دائما تعكس الدعابة (عمله Variations on a Nursery Rhyme دائما يعزف) وموسيقاه للحجرة ناجحة بشكل خاص.


المؤلفات

Dohnányi's compositional style was personal. Although he used influences from Hungarian folk music, he is not considered a nationalist composer like Béla Bartók or Zoltán Kodály. Dohnányi's approach is deeply rooted in the strongest traditions of European classical music and particularly bears the imprint of Johannes Brahms.

المسرح

  • Der Schleier der Pierrette (The Veil of Pierrette), Mime in three parts (Libretto after Arthur Schnitzler), Op. 18 (1909)
  • Tante Simona (Aunt Simona), Comic Opera in one act (Libretto by Victor Heindl), Op. 20 (1912)
  • A vajda tornya (The Tower of the Voivod), Romantic Opera in three acts (Libretto by Viktor Lányi, after Hans Heinz Ewers and Marc Henry), Op. 30 (1922)
  • A tenor (The Tenor), Comic Opera in three acts (Libretto by Ernő Góth and Carl Sternheim, after Bürger Schippel by Carl Sternheim), Op. 34 (1927)

كورالي

  • Szegedi mise (Szeged Mass), Op. 35 (1930)
  • Cantus vitae, Symphonic Cantata, Op. 38 (1941)
  • Stabat mater, Op. 46 (1953)

اوركسترالي

Solo instrument and orchestra

  • Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor, Op. 5 (1898) (the opening theme was inspired by Brahms's Symphony No. 1)
  • Konzertstück (Concertpiece) in D major for cello and orchestra, Op. 12 (1904)
  • Variations on a Nursery Tune (Variationen über ein Kinderlied) for piano and orchestra, Op. 25 (1914)
  • Violin Concerto No. 1 in D minor, Op. 27 (1915)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2 in B minor, Op. 42 (1947)
  • Violin Concerto No. 2 in C minor, Op. 43 (1950)
  • Concertino for harp and chamber orchestra, Op. 45 (1952)

موسيقى الحجرة وموسيقى الآلات

  • Piano Quartet in F minor, (1894)
  • Piano Quintet No. 1 in C minor, Op. 1 (1895)
  • String Quartet No. 1 in A major, Op. 7 (1899)
  • Sonata in B major for cello and piano, Op. 8 (1899)
  • Serenade in C major for string trio, Op. 10 (1902)
  • String Quartet No. 2 in D major, Op. 15 (1906)
  • Sonata in C minor for violin and piano, Op. 21 (1912)
  • Piano Quintet No. 2 in E minor, Op. 26 (1914)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in A minor, Op. 33 (1926)
  • Sextet in C for piano, strings and winds, Op. 37 (1935)
  • Aria for flute and piano, Op 48, No. 1 (1958)
  • Passacaglia for solo flute, Op. 48, No. 2 (1959)


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البيانو

  • Four Pieces, Op. 2 (1897, pub. 1905)
  • Waltzes for four hands, Op. 3 (1897)
  • Variations and Fugue on a Theme of E[mma].G[ruber]., Op. 4 (1897)
  • Gavotte and Musette (WoO, 1898)
  • Albumblatt (WoO, 1899)
  • Passacaglia in E minor, Op. 6 (1899)
  • Four Rhapsodies, Op. 11 (1903)
  • Winterreigen, Op. 13 (1905)
  • Humoresque in the form of a Suite, Op. 17 (1907)
  • Three Pieces, Op. 23 (1912)
  • Fugue for left hand (WoO, 1913)
  • Suite in the Old Style, Op. 24 (1913)
  • Six Concert Etudes, Op. 28 (1916)
  • Variations on a Hungarian Folksong, Op. 29 (1917)
  • Pastorale on a Hungarian Christmas Song (WoO, 1920)
  • Ruralia Hungarica, Op. 32a (1923)
  • Waltz Suite, for two pianos, Op. 39a (1945),
  • Limping Waltz for solo piano, Op. 39b (1947)
  • Six Pieces, Op. 41 (1945)
  • Three Singular Pieces, Op. 44 (1951)

المراجع

  1. ^ Grymes, James A. (1999). "Ernő Dohnányi's Revision of His Symphony in E major, Op. 40". Studia Musicologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Budapest, Hungary: Academiae Scientiarum Hungarica. 40 (1/3): 71–84. doi:10.2307/902553. JSTOR 902553.

المصادر

  • Ilona von Dohnányi and James A, Grymes, eds., Ernst von Dohnányi: A Song of Life (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002), ISBN 0-253-34103-5
  • William Lines Hubbard et al., eds., The American History and Encyclopedia of Music, vol. 1 (London: Irving Squire, 1908), 183-4, available online

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