كمبردج، أونتاريو

(تم التحويل من Cambridge, Ontario)
Cambridge
City of Cambridge
Galt Public Library Cambridge Ontario 2012.jpg
Flag of Cambridge
Flag
Official seal of Cambridge
Seal
Nicknames: 
The Bridge, the Tri-City
الشعار الحادي: 
A fine place for business, a great place to call home.
Cambridge, Ontario.png
Cambridge is located in جنوب أونتاريو
Cambridge
Cambridge
Location of Cambridge in southern Ontario
الإحداثيات: 43°23′50″N 80°18′41″W / 43.39722°N 80.31139°W / 43.39722; -80.31139Coordinates: 43°23′50″N 80°18′41″W / 43.39722°N 80.31139°W / 43.39722; -80.31139
CountryFlag of Canada.svg كندا
Province اونتاريو
Regionواترلو
EstablishedJanuary 1973
الحكم
 • MayorKathryn McGarry
 • Governing BodyCambridge City Council
المساحة
 • البر112٫86 كم² (43٫58 ميل²)
الارتفاع329 m (1٬079 ft)
التعداد(2016)[1]
 • الإجمالي129٬920 (Ranked 40th)
 • الكثافة1٬149٫6/km2 (2٬977/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتEastern (EST) (التوقيت العالمي المنسق−5)
Forward sortation areaN1P to N1T, N3C to N3E, N3H
مفتاح الهاتف519 and 226
HighwaysHighway 401
Highway 8
Highway 24
GNBC CodeFANXK[2]
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.cambridge.ca

Cambridge (2016 population 129,920) is a city in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. It is located at the confluence of the Grand and Speed rivers. Cambridge was formed in 1973 by the amalgamation of Galt, Preston, Hespeler, the settlement of Blair and a small portion of surrounding townships.[3]

The former Galt covers the largest portion of Cambridge, making up the southern half of the city. The former Preston and Blair are located on the western side of the city, while the former Hespeler is in the most northeasterly section of Cambridge. There was considerable resistance among the local population to the amalgamation arranged by the provincial government, and a rivalry had always governed relations among the three communities. Each unique centre has its own history that is well documented in the Cambridge City Archives.[4]

The Macdonald-Cartier Freeway Highway 401 runs through the northern portions of the city.

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التاريخ

تاريخ مدينة گالت

مكتب البريد القديم في گالت، بني في 1886

In the late 1700s, developers began to buy land around the Grand River from the Six Nations Indians who were led by Joseph Brant. One speculator, William Dickson, a wealthy immigrant from Scotland, bought 90,000 أكرs (360 kم2) of land along the Grand River in 1816; this was later to become Galt and the Dumfries Townships. Dickson divided the land and sold smaller lots, particularly to Scottish settlers. The centre of the planned community was at the junction of Mill Creek and the Grand River, then called Shade's Mills.

Dickson decided to name the Post Office Galt, in honour of John Galt of the Canada Company which was developing this entire area. Primarily agricultural in early years, Galt had attracted industry by 1840 and became the largest town in the Grand River area until the early 1900s. The town continued to grow, however, based on a large industrial base.[5] In fact, Galt was called "Manchester of Canada" because of the extensive industry, powered by the Grand River. Some of the important businesses in about 1870 included the Dickson Mills (opened in 1843), the Axe Factory forge, two furniture factories, The Dumfries iron and brass foundry, three large woolen factories, a malt factory, the Victoria Steam Carriage Works, the Dumfries Flour Mill, the Victoria Foundry making farm implements, a large soap and candles works and two steam-powered tanneries.[6]

المناخ

بيانات مناخ Cambridge, Ontario (1981−2010)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 17.8
(64)
14.4
(57.9)
24.0
(75.2)
30.0
(86)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
37.8
(100)
37.8
(100)
37.2
(99)
32.2
(90)
25.0
(77)
19.5
(67.1)
37٫8
(100)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -1.7
(28.9)
-0.8
(30.6)
4.2
(39.6)
12.3
(54.1)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75)
26.7
(80.1)
25.1
(77.2)
20.3
(68.5)
13.7
(56.7)
6.8
(44.2)
0.6
(33.1)
12٫5
(54٫5)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) −6.0
(21)
−5.5
(22.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
6.8
(44.2)
12.8
(55)
17.6
(63.7)
20.6
(69.1)
19.4
(66.9)
14.6
(58.3)
8.4
(47.1)
2.8
(37)
−3.2
(26.2)
7٫3
(45٫1)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -10.2
(13.6)
-10.1
(13.8)
-6.0
(21.2)
1.2
(34.2)
6.6
(43.9)
11.3
(52.3)
14.4
(57.9)
13.5
(56.3)
8.9
(48)
3.0
(37.4)
-1.1
(30)
-7.1
(19.2)
2٫1
(35٫8)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -35.6
(-32.1)
-31.7
(-25.1)
-30.0
(-22)
-15.6
(3.9)
-5.0
(23)
-0.6
(30.9)
4.4
(39.9)
1.0
(33.8)
-3.9
(25)
-10.0
(14)
-20.0
(-4)
-28.5
(-19.3)
-35٫6
(-32٫1)
هطول mm (inches) 55.4
(2.181)
47.4
(1.866)
50.2
(1.976)
71.3
(2.807)
84.2
(3.315)
74.1
(2.917)
111.6
(4.394)
91.5
(3.602)
86.9
(3.421)
71.9
(2.831)
86.8
(3.417)
74.0
(2.913)
905٫2
(35٫638)
سقوط الأمطار mm (inches) 18.1
(0.713)
18.1
(0.713)
35.4
(1.394)
68.9
(2.713)
84.2
(3.315)
74.1
(2.917)
111.6
(4.394)
91.5
(3.602)
86.9
(3.421)
71.0
(2.795)
81.3
(3.201)
44.3
(1.744)
785٫4
(30٫921)
سقوط الثلج cm (inches) 37.8
(14.88)
29.3
(11.54)
14.8
(5.83)
2.4
(0.94)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.91
(0.358)
7.3
(2.87)
29.7
(11.69)
122٫2
(48٫11)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.7 8.9 9.6 12.9 12.0 9.2 10.1 10.2 11.9 12.7 12.7 12.2 133٫8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 3.2 2.3 5.9 12.0 12.0 9.2 10.1 10.2 11.9 12.6 11.5 6.2 106٫8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 9.2 7.0 3.8 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.23 1.9 6.2 29٫3
Source: Environment Canada[7]


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الاقتصاد

In 1988, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada opened a plant in Cambridge, which employs approximately 4,500 people and is the city's largest employer. Several other industrial companies also have locations in Cambridge, including Rimowa, Gerdau, ATS Automation Tooling Systems, Loblaw Companies Limited, Dare Foods, Frito-Lay Canada (formerly Hostess), Babcock & Wilcox, Rockwell Automation and COM DEV International in addition to service companies such as Coronation Dental Specialty Group.[8]


الديمغرافيا

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 38,515 30.1
English 34,345 26.9
Scottish 25,495 19.9
Irish 23,865 18.7
German 17,660 13.8
Portuguese 12,120 9.5
French 11,760 9.2
Dutch 6,035 4.7
Italian 5,540 4.3
East Indian 5,330 4.2
Source: StatCan (includes multiple responses)[9]

Transport

Interurban streetcar system

The car barn for the Galt, Preston, Hespeler and Preston, Berlin railway.


انظر أيضاً

مواقع من كمبردج


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المراجع

  1. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Cambridge, City Ontario
  2. ^ "Cambridge". Natural Resources Canada. October 6, 2016.
  3. ^ "About Cambridge Ontario, Canada". City of Cambridge. City of Cambridge. 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  4. ^ "History, Cambridge Ontario". City of Cambridge. City of Cambridge. 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  5. ^ "History of the Town of Preston:". Cambridge. City of Cambridge. 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
  6. ^ http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/001075/f2/e010780571_p2.pdf
  7. ^ "Cambridge Galt MOE, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1981−2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  8. ^ "Cambridge Industries". City of Cambridge. Archived from the original on July 6, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  9. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (February 8, 2017). "Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved July 16, 2019.

خطأ استشهاد: الوسم <ref> ذو الاسم "KWRecord2013-11-19" المُعرّف في <references> غير مستخدم في النص السابق.

خطأ استشهاد: الوسم <ref> ذو الاسم "Cbc2013-08-20" المُعرّف في <references> غير مستخدم في النص السابق.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:WaterlooRegion