أناتول ليادوڤ

(تم التحويل من Anatoly Lyadov)
أناتولي ليادوف

أناتولي ليادوف Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov أو Liadov (بالروسية: Анато́лий Константи́нович Ля́дов (ولد 1855 وتوفى 1914) مؤلف موسيقي روسي ومدرس ومايسترو

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حياته

ولد ليادوف في اسرة موسيقية لكنه لم يكمل اي من اعمال كبيرة. كان موهوبا لكن كسول نوعا ما فطرد من فصول ريمسكي كورساكوف لتعليم التاليف الموسيقي بسبب عدم انتظام الحضور وكان يضيع اجازات الصيف في المنزل الريفي الخاص بزوجته وأهمل تفويض دياجليف له بكتابة عملThe Firebird الذي كتبه سترافنسكي. الكثير من مقطوعاته توزيعات لاغنيات شعبية جمعت من مختلف انحاء روسيا واحضر تلوين اوركسترالي حيوي وسمة واضحة لهذه المقطوعات الصغيرة. تعاون مع ريمسكي كورساكوف وبلاكيريف واعتبره طالبه بروكفييف محبوب لكن متحذلق.

أعمال مختارة

  • Biryulki, 14 pieces for piano, Op. 2 (1876)
  • Six Pieces for piano, Op. 3 (1876–1877)
  1. Prelude in D major
  2. Gigue in F major
  3. Fugue in G minor
  4. Mazurka in G major
  5. Mazurka in B major
  6. Mazurka in C major
  • Four Arabesques for piano, Op. 4 (1878)
  1. Arabesque in C-sharp minor
  2. Arabesque in A major
  3. Arabesque in B-flat major
  4. Arabesque in E major
  • Etude in A-flat major for piano, Op. 5 (1881)
  • Impromptu in D major for piano, Op. 6 (1881)
  • Two Intermezzi for piano, Op. 7 (1881)
  1. Intermezzo in D major
  2. Intermezzo in F major
  • Two Intermezzi for piano, Op. 8 (1883)
  1. Intermezzo in B-flat major
  2. Intermezzo in B-flat major
  • Two Pieces for piano, Op. 9 (1883)
  1. Valse in F-sharp minor
  2. Mazurka in A-flat major
  • Three Pieces for piano, Op. 10 (1884)
  1. Prelude in D-flat major
  2. Mazurka in C major
  3. Mazurka in D major
  • Three Pieces for piano, Op. 11 (1885)
  1. Prelude in B minor
  2. Mazurka in the Dorian Mode
  3. Mazurka in F-sharp minor
  • Etude in E major for piano, Op. 12 (1886)
  • Four Preludes for piano, Op. 13 (1887)
  1. Prelude in G major
  2. Prelude in B-flat major
  3. Prelude in A major
  4. Prelude in F-sharp minor
  • Two Mazurkas for piano, Op. 15 (1887)
  1. Mazurka in A major
  2. Mazurka in A minor
  • Scherzo in D major for orchestra, Op. 16 (1879–1886)
  • Two Bagatelles for piano, Op. 17 (1887)
  1. Bagatelle in B-flat minor (La Douleur)
  2. Bagatelle in B major (Pastoral)
  • Village Scene by the Inn, Mazurka for orchestra, Op. 19 (1887)
  • Novellette in A minor for piano, Op. 20 (1882–1889)
  • About Olden Times, Ballade in D major for piano, Op. 21a (1889)
  • About Olden Times, Ballade in D major for orchestra, Op. 21b (1889)
  • In the Clearing, Esquisse in F major for piano, Op. 23 (1890)
  • Two Pieces for piano, Op. 24 (1890)
  1. Prelude in E major
  2. Berceuse in G-flat major
  • Idylle in D-flat major for piano, Op. 25 (1891)
  • Little Waltz in G major for piano, Op. 26 (1891)
  • Three Preludes for piano, Op. 27 (1891)
  1. Prelude in E-flat major
  2. Prelude in B major
  3. Prelude in G-flat major
  • Final scene from Schiller's Die Braut von Messina for solo voices, chorus and orchestra, Op. 28 (1878, published 1891). This was his graduation piece.
  • Kukolki (Marionettes) in E-flat major for piano, Op. 29 (1892)
  • Bagatelle in D-flat major for piano, Op. 30 (1889)
  • Two Pieces for piano, Op. 31 (1893)
  1. 'Rustic' Mazurka in G major
  2. Prelude in B-flat minor
  • Muzikalnaya tabakerka (A musical snuffbox) in A major for piano, Op. 32 (1893)
  • Three Pieces for piano, Op. 33 (1889)
  1. Prelude on a Russian theme in A-flat major
  2. Grotesque in C major
  3. Pastoral in F major
  • Three Canons for piano, Op. 34 (1894)
  1. Canon in G major
  2. Canon in C minor
  3. Canon in F major
  • Variations on a Theme by Glinka in B-flat major for piano, Op. 35 (1894)
  • Three Preludes for piano, Op. 36 (1895)
  1. Prelude in F-sharp major
  2. Prelude in B-flat minor
  3. Prelude in G major
  • Etude in F major for piano, Op. 37 (1895)
  • Mazurka in F major for piano, Op. 38 (1895)
  • Four Preludes for piano, Op. 39 (1895)
  1. Prelude in A-flat major
  2. Prelude in C minor
  3. Prelude in B major
  4. Prelude in F-sharp minor
  • Etude and Three Preludes for piano, Op. 40 (1897)
  1. Etude in C-sharp minor
  2. Prelude in C major
  3. Prelude in D minor
  4. Prelude in D-flat major
  • Two Fugues for piano, Op. 41 (1896)
  1. Fugue in F-sharp minor
  2. Fugue in D minor
  • Two Preludes and Mazurka for piano, Op. 42 (1898)
  1. Prelude in B-flat major
  2. Prelude in B major
  3. Mazurka on Polish Themes in A major
  • Barcarolle in F-sharp major for piano, Op. 44 (1898)
  • Four Preludes for piano, Op. 46 (1899)
  1. Prelude in B-flat major
  2. Prelude in G minor
  3. Prelude in G major
  4. Prelude in E minor
  • Two Pieces for piano, Op. 48 (1899)
  1. Etude in A major
  2. Canzonetta in B-flat major
  • Polonaise in C major ("In Memory of Pushkin") for orchestra, Op. 49 (1899)
  • Variations on a Polish Folk Theme in A-flat major for piano, Op. 51 (1901)
  • Three Ballet Pieces for piano, Op. 52 (1901)
  1. in E-flat major
  2. in C major
  3. in A major
  • Three Bagatelles for piano, Op. 53 (1903)
  1. Bagatelle in B major
  2. Bagatelle in G major
  3. Bagatelle in A-flat major
  • Polonaise in D major for orchestra, Op. 55 (1902)
  • Baba Yaga for orchestra, Op. 56 (1891–1904)
  • Three Pieces for piano, Op. 57 (1900–1905)
  1. Prelude in D-flat major
  2. Waltz in E major
  3. Mazurka in F minor
  • Eight Russian Folksongs for orchestra, Op. 58 (1906)
  1. Religious Chant. Moderato
  2. Christmas Carol 'Kolyada'. Allegretto
  3. Plaintive Song. Andante
  4. Humorous Song 'I Danced With The Gnat'./Allegretto
  5. Legend Of The Birds. Allegretto
  6. Cradle Song. Moderato
  7. Round Dance. Allegro
  8. Village Dance Song. Vivo
  • Ten Arrangements from Obikhod (a collection of old Russian Orthodox liturgical chants), Op. 61 (1909)
  1. Stichira for the Nativity of Christ
  2. Tropar - Rozdestvo tvoe, Christe bozhe nash
  3. -
  4. -
  5. -
  6. -
  7. -
  8. -
  9. Khvalite Gospoda s nebes
  10. -
  • Volshebnoye ozero (The Enchanted Lake) for orchestra, Op. 62 (1909)
  • Kikimora for orchestra, Op. 63 (1909)
  • Four Pieces for piano Op. 64 (1909–1910)
  1. Grimace
  2. Gloom
  3. Temptation
  4. Reminiscences
  • Dance of the Amazon for orchestra, Op. 65 (1910)
  • From the Apocalypse, symphonic picture for orchestra, Op. 66 (1910–1912)
  • Nénie for orchestra, Op. 67 (1914)

بيبليوجرافيا

  • Sadie, Stanley (ed.) (1980). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Macmillan Publishers Ltd., London. ISBN 1-56159-174-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Brown, David, Tchaikovsky: The Final Years, 1885-1893, (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1991). ISBN 0-393-03099-7.
  • Maes, Francis, tr. Arnold J. Pomerans and Erica Pomerans, A History of Russian Music: From Kamarinskaya to Babi Yar (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2002). ISBN 0-520-21815-9.
  • Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai, Letoppis Moyey Muzykalnoy Zhizni (St. Petersburg, 1909), published in English as My Musical Life (New York: Knopf, 1925, 3rd ed. 1942). ISBN n/a.
  • Taruskin, Richard, Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996). ISBN 0-19-816250-2.
  • Volkov, Solomon, tr. Antonina W. Bouis, St. Petersburg: A Cultural History (New York: The Free Press, 1995). ISBN 0-02-874052-1.


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مراجع

المصدر

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