أدوبي فوتوشوب

(تم التحويل من Adobe Photoshop)
Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Photoshop CC icon.svg
Adobe Photoshop 2020 (21.1.0) running on Windows
Adobe Photoshop 2020 (21.1.0) running on Windows
المؤلف الأصلي
المطوّرAdobe Inc.
الإطلاق المبدئي19 فبراير 1990; منذ 30 سنة (1990-02-19
المستودع[{{#property:P1324}} {{#property:P1324}}]
نظام التشغيلWindows 10 version 1809 and later
macOS 10.13 and later[1]
iPadOS 13.1 and later[2]
المنصةx86-64
متاح في26 languages[3]
النوعRaster graphics editor
الرخصةTrialware, SaaS
الموقع الإلكترونيadobe.com/products/photoshop.html

فوتوشوپ برنامج للحاسوب مشهور لصنع وتعديل كل أنواع الصور و هو يعتبر الممنتج الأكثر مبيعاً في هذا المجال الآن وقام بتطويره الشقيقان توماس نول و جون نول عام 1987 و اصدرت النسخة الأولى في فبراير 1990 و النسخة التاسعة منه صدرت في أبريل 2005 .

يستخدم أيضاً هذا البرنامج بكثرة في التصوير الرقمي.

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File format

Photoshop document
امتداد اسم الملف.psd
نوع وسائط الإنترنتimage/vnd.adobe.photoshop
كود النوع8BPS
Open format?no
الموقع الإلكترونيadobe.com/devnet-apps/photoshop/fileformatashtml/

Photoshop files have default file extension as .PSD, which stands for "PhotoShop Document".[4] A PSD file stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop. These include layers with masks, transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colors, clipping paths, and duotone settings. This is in contrast to many other file formats (e.g., .JPG or .GIF) that restrict content to provide streamlined, predictable functionality. A PSD file has a maximum height and width of 30,000 pixels, and a length limit of two gigabytes.


Cultural impact

Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped (or just Shopped) have become verbs that are sometimes used to refer to images edited by Photoshop,[5] or any image manipulating program. Such derivatives are discouraged by Adobe[6] because, in order to maintain validity and protect the trademark from becoming generic, trademarks must be used as proper nouns.

A landscape photo composited and manipulated in Photoshop
A self-portrait photo merge, created using Photoshop

تاريخ النـُسـَخ


CS5 (version 12)

A 2D landscape designed in Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended

2020 (version 21)

Photoshop 2020 was released on November 4, 2019. Version 21 has many new and enhanced features like the new object selection tool for better automate complex selections, new properties panel, enhanced transform warp, new keyboard shortcuts for paint & brush and background image removal option. It added several improvements to the new content-aware fill and to the new document tab. Also added were animated GIF support, improved lens blur performance and one-click zoom to a layer's contents. It introduced new swatches, gradients, patterns, shapes and stylistic sets for OpenType fonts. With this version users now can easily convert smart objects to layers and also can adjust 32-bit layers for brightness/contrast and curves. Presets are now more intuitive to use and easier to organize.

With the February 2020 update (version 21.1) Photoshop now can iteratively fill multiple areas of an image without having to leave content-aware fill workspace. This version improved GPU based lens blur quality and provided performance improvements such as accelerate your workflow with smoother panning, zooming and navigating documents.

Version 21 was the first version where the iPad version was released. With Photoshop on the iPad, combined with the new Cloud PSD file format, a user can save cloud documents and work across Windows, Mac and iPad.[7] Photoshop on the iPad does not have all the features of the desktop Photoshop.[7] Adobe promises to update Photoshop on the iPad at "a much more aggressive pace than it has with its current Creative Cloud apps for the desktop".[7] Adobe has provided a timeline for enhancing Photoshop on the iPad to have more of the features of desktop Photoshop.[8]

With the desktop June 2020 update (version 21.2), Photoshop added faster portrait selection, Adobe Camera Raw improvements, auto-activated Adobe Fonts, rotatable patterns, and improved Match Font.[9]


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Photoshop Mix

انظر أيضاً

المراجع

  1. ^ "Photoshop system requirements". Adobe Inc. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  2. ^ "System requirements, Photoshop on the iPad". Adobe Inc. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  3. ^ "language versions | Adobe Photoshop CS6". Adobe.com. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  4. ^ "What is PSD? What Opens a PSD? File Format List from WhatIs.com". whatis.techtarget.com. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  5. ^ Macworld Staff. "Photoshop through the Years". Archived from the original on March 15, 2005.
  6. ^ "PROPER USE OF THE PHOTOSHOP TRADEMARK".
  7. ^ أ ب ت خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة :0
  8. ^ "Photoshop Reimagined for iPad: The Journey". Adobe Blog (in الإنجليزية). 2019-11-21. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  9. ^ "New and enhanced features | Latest release of Photoshop". helpx.adobe.com. Retrieved 2020-06-19.

للاستزادة

  • Lev Manovich (2011). "Inside Photoshop". Computational Culture (1). ISSN 2047-2390. (asks: "How does media authoring software shape the media being created, making some design choices seem natural and easy to execute, while hiding other design possibilities?")

وصلات خارجية

  1. تحويل