الأميرال گريگوروڤتش، طراز فرقاطات

(تم التحويل من Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate)
الأميرال گريگوروڤتش
Class overview
Name: طراز الأميرال گريگوروڤتش (المشروع 11356P/M)[1]
Builders: حوض يانتار لبناء السفن
Operators:
Preceded by: طراز بوريڤيستنيك
Building: 3
Planned: 6
Active: 2
السمات العامة
النوع: فرقاطة
الازاحة:
الطول: 124.8 متر
العارضة: 15.2 متر
الغاطس: 4.2 متر
الدفع:
  • 2 shaft COGAG;
  • 2 DS-71 cruise gas turbines 8,450 shp (6,300 kو);
  • 2 DT-59 boost gas turbines 22,000 shp (16,000 kو) ;
  • Total: 60,900 shp (45,400 kو)
السرعة: 30 عقدة (56 كم/س; 35 ميل/س)
المدى: 4,850 nmi (8,980 kم; 5,580 ميل) at 14 عقدة (26 كم/س; 16 ميل/س)
التحمل: 30 days
المرافقون: 200
المجسات
وأنظمة المعالجة:
  • Air search radar: Fregat M2EM
  • Surface search radar: 3Ts-25E Garpun-B, MR-212/201-1, Nucleus-2 6000A
  • Fire control radar: JSC 5P-10E Puma FCS, 3R14N-11356 FCS, MR-90 Orekh SAM FCS
الحرب الإلكترونية
والشراك:
  • EW Suite: TK-25E-5;
  • Countermeasures:
  • 4 × KT-216
التسليح:
الطائرات المحمولة: 1 Ka-27PL or Ka-31 helicopter

طراز الأميرال گريگوروڤتش (Фрегаты проекта 11356Р/М) هو أحدث طراز فرقاطات طلبتها البحرية الروسية لأسطول البحر الأسود. ست سفن (على مجموعتين، كل واحدة من ثلاث سفن)[2] قد طـُلِبت حتى الآن ليبنيها حوض بناء السفن في يانتار في كالينن‌گراد.

وفي أكتوبر 2016، تم توقيع عقد مع البحرية الهندية لبناء أربع سفن، اثنين في روسيا واثنين في الهند.

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التاريخ

Yantar Shipyard won the contract for the construction of the frigates on 8 October 2010. The contract for the construction of three frigates was to be completed in four years. The lead ship, Admiral Grigorovich was laid down on 18 December 2010 and was expected to be in service 34 months from that date (October 2013). Six similar ships were built for the Indian Navy, called the Talwar طراز.[3]

The class's original gas turbines were made by Ukrainian state-owned enterprise Zorya-Mashproekt. The company was a center of Soviet maritime gas turbine design and production.[4] The last three vessels remain without engines as of November–December 2014.[بحاجة لمصدر]

After the Ukrainian crisis, Ukraine said it would no longer supply the engines.[5] Instead Russian manufacturer Saturn was initially asked to supply alternative M90FP turbines. However, these cannot be completed before 2019–2020, and this delay seemingly means the Navy would rather use the funds elsewhere.[بحاجة لمصدر]

On 9 December 2015 it was announced that the lead vessel was being sent from the Baltic to the Northern Fleet for the next stage of state tests. Some weapons firings are not possible in the Baltic.[6] The lead ship was commissioned on 11 March 2016.[7][8]

Admiral Grigorivich was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea in November 2016 as part of Russia's deployment to Syria.[9] On 15 November 2016 Admiral Grigorivich launched Kalibr cruise missile strikes against ISIS targets in Syria.[10][11]


التصدير

According to a deal signed in October 2016, two frigates of this class will be exported to India and two more will be built in India for the Indian Navy.[12]

السفن

الاسم الرقم الباني نزلت الماء أُطلِقت بدأت العمل الأسطول الحالة Notes
الأميرال گريگوروڤتش 494 يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 18 ديسمبر 2010 14 مارس 2014[13] 11 March 2016[14] البحر الأسود ناشطة
الأميرال إسن 751 يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 8 July 2011[15][16] 7 November 2014[17] 7 June 2016[18] البحر الأسود ناشطة
الأميرال مكاروڤ[19][20][21] 799 يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 29 February 2012[22][23] 2 September 2015[24] Planned 2016[25] البحر الأسود في تجارب بحرية
الأميرال بوتاكوڤ يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 13 July 2013 [26] 5 March 2016 [27] 2017-18 البحر الأسود قيد الإنشاء
الأميرال إستومين يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 15 November 2013 [28] 2017-18 البحر الأسود قيد الإنشاء
الأميرال كورنيلوڤ يانتار، كالينن‌گراد 2017-18 البحر الأسود مزمعة

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ ""Адмирал Григорович"" (in Russian). Retrieved 5 February 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ "На фрегате "Адмирал Григорович" поднят Андреевский флаг - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер"". vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 11 March 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. ^ "В Калининграде заложили первый фрегат нового проекта для ВМФ РФ | Оборона и безопасность | Лента новостей "РИА Новости"" (in Russian). Rian.ru. 18 December 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ LaGrone, Sam (10 June 2015). "Russian Navy Faces Surface Modernization Delays Without Ukrainian Engines, Officials Pledge to Sue". usni.org. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Russia hoping to export three sanction-hit Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates". Jane's Defence Weekly.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Интерфакс-Агентство Военных Новостей". militarynews.ru. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  7. ^ "St. Andrew flag hoisted on Russia's Project 11356 lead frigate". TASS. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  8. ^ LaGrone, Sam (9 June 2016). "Russian Black Sea Fleet Gets First New Frigate Since Cold War". usni.org. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Russia's state-of-the-art frigate Admiral Grigorovich sets off to Syria". Pravda. 3 November 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Russian carrier takes part in massive strikes on terrorists in Syria's Idlib & Homs provinces – MoD". RT International (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  11. ^ Sputnik. "Russian Admiral Grigorovich Frigate Targets Terrorists in Syria With Missiles". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  12. ^ قالب:Cite website
  13. ^ "The Yantar shipyard in Russia's Baltic exclave of Kaliningrad on Friday floated out the first in a series of six Project 11356 frigates being built for the Black Sea Fleet, the company said". Sputnik.[dead link]
  14. ^ "ПСЗ "Янтарь" сдал "Адмирала Григоровича" » Ресурс машиностроения. Новости машиностроения, статьи. Каталог машиностроительных заводов и предприятий". i-mash.ru (in Russian). 10 March 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  15. ^ "На заводе «Янтарь» началось строительство корабля для ВМФ России (фото)" (in Russian). Kaliningrad.ru. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  16. ^ ""Адмирал номер два": фоторепортаж "Нового Калининграда.Ru"" (in Russian). Newkaliningrad.ru. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. ^ "Admiral Essen frigate to be handed to Russian Navy by end of 2015". ITAR TASS. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  18. ^ Novichkov, Nikolai (9 June 2016). "Russian Navy receives Admiral Essen frigate". janes.com. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  19. ^ "Новые фрегаты для ВМФ России получат имена царских адмиралов". flot.com (in Russian). 8 December 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  20. ^ "First frigate of the new project was laid down in Kaliningrad for Russian Navy". rusnavy.com. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  21. ^ "New frigate laid down at Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad". ITAR-TASS (in الروسية). Retrieved 2011-12-28.[dead link]
  22. ^ Gavrilenko, Andrew (25 February 2012). "Флоту – новый фрегат". redstar.ru (in الروسية). Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  23. ^ "Russia to Lay Down New Frigate for Navy | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2014-03-08.[dead link]
  24. ^ "В Калининграде спустили на воду новейший фрегат "Адмирал Макаров"". flotprom.ru (in الروسية). 2 September 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  25. ^ "ВМФ получит второй фрегат проекта 11356 к маю, третий - в августе - Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер»". vpk-news.ru (in الروسية). 11 March 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Russia Lays Down New Frigate for Black Sea Fleet". En.ria.ru. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  27. ^ "Rosja: W Kaliningradzie zwodowano fregatę rakietową. Bez zainstalowanej siłowni" (in Polish). defence24.pl. 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  28. ^ "Baltic Shipyard Starts Work on New Frigate for Russian Navy". RIA Novosti. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2016.

وصلات خارجية

"RIA Novosti: a new frigate is laid down in Kaliningrad for the Russian Navy (in Russian)". RIA Novosti. December 18, 2010.

قالب:Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate