شيلدريك الثاني

شيلدريك الثاني
Childeric II
Sou d'or de Childéric II.jpg
Childericʻs coin
SpouseBilichild
الأنجالDagobert
شيلپريك الثاني
الأبكلوڤيس الثاني
الأمBalthild

شيلدريك الثاني Childeric II (ح. 653 - 675) كان ملك أستراسيا من 662 وملك نيوستريا وبرگندي من 673 وحتى وفاته، مما جعله ملك الفرنجة الوحيد في آخر عامين من حياته.

Childeric was the second eldest son of King Clovis II[1] and grandson of King Dagobert I and Queen Nanthild.[2] His mother was Saint Balthild and his elder brother was Chlothar III,[2] who was briefly sole king from 661, but gave Austrasia to Childeric the next year. He was still a mere child when he was raised on the shields of his warriors and proclaimed king in Austrasia.[3]

After the death of Chlothar in 673, Theuderic III, his youngest brother, inherited his kingdoms, but a faction of prominent Burgundian nobles led by Saint Leodegar and Adalrich invited Childeric to become king in Neustria and Burgundy.[4] He soon invaded his brother's kingdom and displaced him, becoming sole king. He made his Austrasian Mayor of the Palace, Wulfoald, mayor also in Neustria and Burgundy, displacing Ebroin of Neustria and upsetting his supporters in Burgundy who did not wish to see functionaries active in a kingdom other than their native one. In March 675, Childeric had granted honores in Alsace to Adalrich with the title of dux. This grant was most probably the result of Adalrich's continued support for Childeric in Burgundy, which had often disputed possession of Alsace with Austrasia.

The final straw for the magnates of Neustria, however, was Childeric's illegal corporal punishment of the nobleman named Bodilo. Bodilo and his friends Amalbert and Ingobert conspired to assassinate the king, who was killed, along with his wife, while hunting in the forest by Livry. He was buried in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, near Paris, where the tombs of him, Bilichild, and his infant son Dagobert were discovered in 1645; the contents were pilfered.

Childeric married his cousin Bilichild.[5] Besides the aforementioned Dagobert, she bore him the future king Chilperic II.[6]


شيلدريك الثاني
وُلِد: 653 توفي: 675
سبقه
كلوتير الثالث
ملك أستراسيا
662–675
تبعه
كلوڤيس الثالث
سبقه
ثيودريك الثالث
ملك نيوستريا وبرگندي
673–675
تبعه
ثيودريك الثالث
شاغر
اللقب آخر من حمله
كلوتير الثالث
ملك الفرنجة
673–675
شاغر
اللقب حمله بعد ذلك
ثيودريك الثالث

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الهامش

  1. ^ Jean Verseuil, Les rois fainéants: de Dagobert à Pépin le Bref 629-751, édition Critérion, Paris, 1946 (ISBN 2-7493-0136-0)
  2. ^ أ ب Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band I (Marburg, Germany: Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, 1980), Tefel 1
  3. ^ Patrick J. Geary, Before France & Germany, The Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), p. 180
  4. ^ Patrick J. Geary, Before France & Germany, The Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), pp. 189-90
  5. ^ Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kingdoms, 450–751 (London, New York:, Longman, 1999), p. 73
  6. ^ Paule Lejeune, Les reines de France, Paris, 1989, ISBN 2-86594-042-X, p. 44
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Childeric" . دائرة المعارف البريطانية (eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); More than one of |encyclopedia= and |encyclopedia= specified (help)