دسي بوترسى

Dési Bouterse
President Bouterse.JPG
رئيس سورينام التاسع
تولى المنصب
12 أغسطس 2010
نائب الرئيسRobert Ameerali
Ashwin Adhin
سبقهرونالد ڤنتيان
الرئيس الدوري لاتحاد دول أمريكا الجنوبية
في المنصب
30 أغسطس 2013 – 4 ديسمبر 2014
سبقهأوليانتا أومالا
خلـَفهخوسيه موخيكا
تفاصيل شخصية
وُلِد
Desiré Delano Bouterse

13 أكتوبر 1945 (1945-10-13) (العمر 76 سنة)
دمبورگ, سورينام
الحزبالحزب الديمقراطي الوطني
الزوجIngrid Figueira (طلاق)
Ingrid Waldring (1990–الحاضر)
الأنجالPeggy
Dino
Jen-ai

دزيريه دلانو "دِسي" بوترسى Desiré Delano "Dési" Bouterse[1] (النطق الهولندي: [ˈdesɪ ˈbʌutərsə]؛ وُلِد في 13 أكتوبر 1945) هو سياسي سورينامي يشغل منصب رئيس سورينام منذ 2010. From 1980 to 1987 he was Suriname's de facto leader after conducting a military coup and establishing a period of military rule.

Bouterse is the chairman of the Surinamese political alliance Megacombinatie ("Mega combination") and the leader of the National Democratic Party (NDP), which is part of the Megacombination. On 19 July 2010, Bouterse was elected as President of Suriname with 36 of 50 parliament votes[2] and on 12 August 2010 he was inaugurated.[3]

Bouterse is a controversial figure, held responsible by some for numerous human rights violations committed during the military rule in the 1980s. Most notable was the December murders in 1982 of fifteen leading opposition figures. He was prosecuted for the murders and a trial was initiated, but the National Assembly extended amnesty to him in 2012. He is also suspected of having directed the Moiwana massacre in 1986 during the civil war by the Maroons, led by his former bodyguard.

In 2000, Bouterse was sentenced in absentia in the Netherlands to 11 years imprisonment after being convicted of trafficking 474 kilos of cocaine.[4] Bouterse always claimed innocence; he claimed that the star witness in the case, Patrick van Loon, was bribed by the Dutch government.

According to WikiLeaks cables released in 2011, Bouterse was active in the drug trade until 2006.[5] Europol has issued an arrest warrant for him. As Suriname's president, he enjoys national immunity from arrest in his country. Because Bouterse was convicted of the drug offense before his election in 2010 as Head of State, he enjoys no international immunity on these charges.[6]

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سيرته

السنوات المبكرة

انقلاب العريفـِين

بوترسى كرأس العسكرية السورينامية في 1985

On 25 February 1980, Bouterse, Horb and fourteen other sergeants overthrew the Henck Arron government with a violent military coup d'état, now known as the Sergeants Coup. This marked the beginning of the military dictatorship that dominated Suriname from 1980 to 1991. The sergeants who accomplished this coup were known as the Groep van zestien (group of sixteen). Bouterse was the leader of the Groep van zestien. After the coup, he became chairman of the National Military Council of Suriname, which replaced the democratic government, and effectively ruler of the government.


الهامش

  1. ^ According to the Statutes of the DNP written as Desiré Archived 2013-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.. Ndp.sr (2004-04-24). Retrieved on 2012-01-08.
  2. ^ Bouterse gekozen tot president SurinameNRC Handelsblad (Dutch)
  3. ^ Omstreden Bouterse beëdigd als presidentDe Volkskrant (Dutch)
  4. ^ "NOVA – detail – Nieuws – Hoge raad bevestigt veroordeling bouterse". novatv.nl.
  5. ^ "Cable Viewer". wikileaks.org.
  6. ^ Brader, Peggy (21 July 2010). "Vervolging president Bouterse wél mogelijk". Radio Nederland archive. Retrieved 13 June 2015.

وصلات خارجية

مناصب سياسية
سبقه
رونالد ڤنتيان
رئيس سورينام
2010–الحاضر
الحالي

قالب:SurinamePresidents