خليج سوبك

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خليج سوبك
Subic Bay
130405-M-BA451-372 (8636779585).jpg
خليج سوبك Subic Bay is located in الفلپين
خليج سوبك Subic Bay
خليج سوبك
Subic Bay
الموقع في الفلپين
Subigbay uscgs chart 1902.jpeg
خريطة بحرية من سنة 1902 لخليج سوبك
الموقعجزيرة لوزون، الفلپين
الاحداثيات14°47′24″N 120°13′57″E / 14.79000°N 120.23250°E / 14.79000; 120.23250
النوعخليج
جزء منبحر الصين الجنوبي
الجزرGrande Island
التجمعات السكنية

خليج سوبك Subic Bay هي خليج على الساحل الغربي لجزيرة لوزون في الفلپين، على بعد نحو 100 كم شمال غرب خليج مانيلا. وهو امتداد لـبحر الصين الجنوبي، سواحلها كانت سابقاً موقع منشأة رئيسية للبحرية الأمريكية تسمى U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay, which is now the location of an industrial and commercial area known as the Subic Bay Freeport Zone under the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority.[1]

Today, water as well as the towns and establishments surrounding the bay are collectively referred to بإسم خليج سوبك Subic Bay‏. This includes the former US naval base at SBMA, Hanjin shipyard, Olongapo city, the town of Barrio Baretto, the Municipality of سوبك, and the erstwhile US defence housing areas of Binictican and Kalayan housing, up to Morong in Bataan Province.[2]

The bay was long recognized for its deep and protected waters, but development was slow due to lack of level terrain around the bay.[1]

التاريخ

In 1542, Spanish conquistador Juan de Salcedo sailed into Subic Bay but no port developed there because the main Spanish naval base would be established in the nearby خليج مانيلا. When the British captured this base in 1762, the Spanish were forced to find an alternate location and Subic Bay was found to be a strategic and superb port location. In 1884, King Alfonso XII of Spain decreed that Subic was to become "a naval port and the property appertaining thereto set aside for naval purposes."[3]

Aerial view of US Naval Base Subic Bay to the right and Naval Air Station Cubi Point to the left in 1990.

In 1899 during the Philippine–American War, the Americans captured the Spanish base and controlled the bay until 1991. During this period, the naval facilities were greatly built up and expanded, including a new naval air station that was built in the early 1950s by slicing the top half from a mountain and moving the soil to reclaim a part of Subic Bay. In 1979, the area under American control was reduced from 24,000 هكتارs (59,000 أكرs) to 6,300 هكتارs (16,000 أكرs) when the Philippines claimed sovereign rule over the base.[1][3]

Following the destruction of the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption, the Americans closed the base, and the area was transformed into the Subic Bay Freeport Zone.

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب ت Martin W. Lewis (October 22, 2010). "Subic Bay: From American Servicemen to Korean Businessmen". GeoCurrents. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Official website of SBMA". SBMA official website. SBMA. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  3. ^ أ ب "History". Subic.com. Retrieved 16 August 2013.

وصلات خارجية