إلڤيس پرسلي

(تم التحويل من إلڤيس پريسلي)
إلڤيس پرسلي
A young man dancing, swiveling his hips. He has dark hair, short and slicked up a bit. He wears an unbuttoned band-collared jacket over a shirt with bold black-and-white horizontal stripes. Behind him, on either side, are a pair of barred frames, like prison doors.
Publicity photo for Jailhouse Rock (1957)
معلومات عن الخلفية
اسم الميلاد إلڤيس أهارون پرسلي
وُلـِد (1935-01-08)يناير 8, 1935
قالب:ناوراپ
توفي أغسطس 16, 1977(1977-08-16) (عن عمر 42 عاماً)
قالب:ناوراپ
الأصناف Rock and roll, pop, rockabilly, country, blues, gospel, R&B
المهن ممثل وموسيقي
الآلات الجيتار والبيانو
سنوات النشاط 1953–77
العناوين Sun, RCA Victor
الأعمال المرافقة The Blue Moon Boys, The Jordanaires, The Imperials
الموقع الإلكتروني elvis.com

إلڤيس پرسلي Elvis Presley (و.8 يناير 1935، ميسيسيبي -و. 1977، تينيسي) (بالإنجليزية: Elvis Presley) هو مغنٍ، ومنتج غنائي، وممثل أمريكي. يلقب "بملك الروك إن رول". ولد إلڤيس پرسلي في مدينة توپيلو بولاية ميسيسيبي الأمريكية في 8 يناير، 1935.

اما عن عائلته فقد كان والده يدعى فيرنون برسلي ووالدته السيدة جلاديس برسلي وكان له أخ وحيد والجدير بالذكر انه كان اخاه التوام أيضا فقد ولد قبل إلڤيس بنصف ساعه تقريبا وهو جيسي كارون.

بيع له أكثر من 750 مليون تسجيل عالمياً، حيث يعتبر من أعظم المغنيين على مستوى العالم، فقد استطاع أن يسجل العديد من الأرقام القياسية في المبيعات والمعجبين واستطاع أيضاً أن يحطم الأرقام القياسية فلديه 120 أغنية فردية وصلت إلى أفضل 40 أغنية أمريكية، وعشرين أغنية وصلت إلى المركز الأول طوال عمره الفني. كانت نهايته مأساوية بعد ادمانه للمخدرات و زيادة وزنه،ولكن اسمه حفر من ذهب في قلوب الملايين من معجبيه. تم تحويل قصره(گريسلاند)بعد وفاته إلى متحف خاص به.

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السيرة الذاتية والعمل

Present-day photograph of a whitewashed house, about 15 feet wide. Four bannistered steps in the foreground lead up to a roofed porch that holds a swing wide enough for two. The front of the house has a door and a single paned window. The visible side of the house, about 30 feet long, has two paned windows.
Presley's birthplace in Tupelo, Mississippi
Album cover with photograph of Presley singing—head thrown back, eyes closed, mouth wide open—and about to strike a chord on his acoustic guitar. Another musician is behind him to the right, his instrument obscured. The word "Elvis" in bold pink letters descends from the upper left corner; below, the word "Presley" in bold green letters runs horizontally.
The "iconic cover" of Presley's 1956 debut album[1] featuring a photo taken July 31, 1955, in Tampa, Florida[2]
Presley, wearing a tight black leather jacket with upturned collar, black leather wristbands, and black leather pants, holds a microphone with a long cord. His hair, which looks black as well, falls across his forehead. In front of him is an empty microphone stand. Behind, beginning below stage level and rising up, audience members watch him. A young woman with long black hair in the front row gazes up ecstatically.
The '68 Comeback Special produced "one of the most famous images" of Presley.[3] Taken on June 29, 1968, it was adapted for the cover of Rolling Stone in July 1969.[3][4]


السنوات الأخيرة والوفاة

النمط الموسيقي

القضايا العنصرية

تأثير العقيد باركر وغيره

مافيا ممفيس

إلڤيس پرسلي رمز إغراء

Movie poster with Presley on the left, holding a young woman around the waist, her arms draped over his shoulders. To the right, five young women wearing bathing suits and holding guitars stand in a row. The one in front taps Presley on the shoulder. Along with title and credits is the tagline "Climb aboard your dreamboat for the fastest-movin' fun 'n' music!"
The title and marketing of Girls! Girls! Girls! (1962) took advantage of Presley's sex symbol status.


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الإرث

الألبومات

الألبومات الأولى

Year Album Type Chart positions
US[5] US Country[6] UK[7][8]
1956 Elvis Presley studio/comp. 1 n.a. 1
Elvis studio 1 n.a. 3
1957 Loving You sound./studio 1 n.a. 1
Elvis' Christmas Album studio 1 n.a. 2
1960 Elvis Is Back! studio 2 n.a. 1
G.I. Blues soundtrack 1 n.a. 1
1961 Something for Everybody studio 1 n.a. 2
Blue Hawaii soundtrack 1 n.a. 1
1962 Pot Luck studio 4 n.a. 1
1964 Roustabout soundtrack 1 12
1969 From Elvis in Memphis studio 13 2 1
1973 Aloha from Hawaii: Via Satellite live 1 1 11
1974 Elvis: A Legendary Performer Volume 1 compilation 43 1 20
1975 Promised Land studio 47 1 21
1976 From Elvis Presley Boulevard, Memphis, Tennessee studio 41 1 29
1977 Elvis' 40 Greatest compilation 1
Moody Blue studio/live 3 1 3
Elvis in Concert live 5 1 13
2002 ELV1S: 30 #1 Hits compilation 1 1 1
2007 Elvis the King compilation 1

الأعمال الفردية

Year Single Chart positions
US[9] US Country[10] UK[7][8]
1956 "I Forgot to Remember to Forget" (reissue) 1
"Heartbreak Hotel" 1 1 2
"I Want You, I Need You, I Love You" 1 1 14
"Don't Be Cruel" 1 1 2
"Hound Dog" 1 1 2
"Love Me Tender" 1 3 11
1957 "Too Much" 1 3 6
"All Shook Up" 1 1 1
"(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear" 1 1 3
"Jailhouse Rock" 1 1 1
1958 "Don't" 1 2 2
"Hard Headed Woman" 1 2 2
1959 "One Night"/"I Got Stung" 4/8 24/— 1
"A Fool Such as I"/"I Need Your Love Tonight" 2/4 1
"A Big Hunk o' Love" 1 4
1960 "Stuck on You" 1 27 3
"It's Now or Never" 1 1
"Are You Lonesome Tonight?" 1 22 1
1961 "Wooden Heart" 1
"Surrender" 1 1
"(Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame"/"Little Sister" 4/5 1
1962 "Can't Help Falling in Love"/"Rock-A-Hula Baby" 2/23 1
"Good Luck Charm" 1 1
"She's Not You" 5 1
"Return to Sender" 2 1
1963 "(You're The) Devil in Disguise" 3 1
1965 "Crying in the Chapel" 3 1
1969 "Suspicious Minds" 1 2
1970 "The Wonder of You" 9 37 1
1977 "Moody Blue" 31 1 6
"Way Down" 18 1 1
1981 "Guitar Man" (remix) 28 1 43
2002 "A Little Less Conversation" (JXL remix) 50 1
2005 "Jailhouse Rock" (reissue) 1
"One Night"/"I Got Stung" (reissue) 1
"It's Now or Never" (reissue) 1


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الأفلام

انظر أيضاً

هناك كتاب ، Elvis Presley، في معرفة الكتب.



الهوامش

  • ^  Although some pronounce his surname "PREZ-lee", Presley himself used the pronunciation of the American South, "PRESS-lee", as did his family and those who worked with him.[11] The correct spelling of his middle name has long been a matter of debate. The physician who delivered him wrote "Elvis Aaron Presley" in his ledger.[12] The state-issued birth certificate reads "Elvis Aron Presley". The name was chosen after the Presleys' friend and fellow congregation member Aaron Kennedy, though a single-A spelling was probably intended by Presley's parents in order to parallel the middle name of Presley's stillborn brother, Jesse Garon.[13] It reads Aron on most official documents produced during his lifetime, including his high school diploma, RCA record contract, and marriage license, and this was generally taken to be the proper spelling.[14] In 1966, Presley expressed the desire to his father that the more traditional biblical rendering, Aaron, be used henceforth, "especially on legal documents."[12] Five years later, the Jaycees citation honoring him as one of the country's Outstanding Young Men used Aaron. Late in his life, he sought to officially change the spelling to Aaron and discovered that state records already listed it that way. Knowing his wishes for his middle name, Aaron is the spelling his father chose for Presley's tombstone, and it is the spelling his estate has designated as official.[14]
  • ^  According to a third cousin of Presley's, one of Gladys's great-grandmothers was Jewish.[15] There is no evidence that Presley or his mother shared this belief in a Jewish heritage. Syndicated columnist Nate Bloom has challenged the cousin's account, which he calls a "tall tale".[16]
  • ^  Of the $40,000, $5,000 covered back royalties owed by Sun.[17]
  • ^  In 1956–57, Presley was also credited as a cowriter on several songs where he had no hand in the writing process: "Heartbreak Hotel"; "Don't Be Cruel"; all four songs from his first film, including the title track, "Love Me Tender"; "Paralyzed"; and "All Shook Up".[18] He received credit on two other songs to which he did contribute: he provided the title for "That's Someone You Never Forget" (1961), written by his friend Red West; Presley and West collaborated with another friend, guitarist Charlie Hodge, on "You'll Be Gone" (1962).[19]
  • ^  Whitburn follows actual Billboard history in considering the four songs on the "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" and "Don't/I Beg of You" singles as distinct. He tallies each side of the former single as a number one (Billboard's sales chart had "Don't Be Cruel" at number one for five weeks, then "Hound Dog" for six) and reckons "I Beg of You" as a top ten, as it reached number eight on the old Top 100 chart. Billboard now considers both singles as unified items, ignoring the historical sales split of the former and its old Top 100 chart entirely. Whitburn thus analyzes the four songs as yielding three number ones and a total of four top tens. Billboard now states that they yielded just two number ones and a total of two top tens, voiding the separate chart appearances of "Hound Dog" and "I Beg of You".
  • ^  VH1 ranked Presley #8 among the "100 Greatest Artists of Rock & Roll" in 1998.[20] The BBC ranked him as the #2 "Voice of the Century" in 2001.[21] Rolling Stone placed him #3 in its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time" in 2004.[22] CMT ranked him #15 among the "40 Greatest Men in Country Music" in 2005.[23] The Discovery Channel placed him #8 on its "Greatest American" list in 2005.[24] Variety put him in the top ten of its "100 Icons of the Century" in 2005.[25] The Atlantic Monthly ranked him #66 among the "100 Most Influential Figures in American History" in 2006.[26]
  • ^  (1) The year given is the year the record first reached number one, rather than its original year of release. For instance, in 1974, Elvis' 40 Greatest, a compilation on the budget Arcade label, was the fourth highest selling album of the year in the United Kingdom; at the time, the main British chart did not rank such compilations, relegating them to a chart for midpriced and TV-advertised albums, which Elvis' 40 Greatest topped for 15 weeks.[27] The policy was altered in 1975, allowing the album to hit number one on the main chart in 1977, following Presley's death.[28] (2) Before late 1958, rather than unified pop and country singles charts, Billboard had as many as four charts for each, separately ranking records according to sales, jukebox play, jockey spins (i.e., airplay), and, in the case of pop, a general Top 100. Billboard now regards the sales charts as definitive for the period. Widely cited chart statistician Joel Whitburn accords historical releases the highest ranking they achieved among the separate charts. Presley discographer Ernst Jorgensen refers only to the Top 100 chart for pop hits. All of the 1956–58 songs listed here as number one U.S. pop hits reached the top of both the sales and, with three exceptions, the Top 100 charts: "I Want You, I Need You, I Love You" (three), "Hound Dog" (two, behind its flip side, "Don't Be Cruel"), and "Hard Headed Woman" (two). (3) Several Presley singles reached number one in the United Kingdom as double A-sides; in the United States, the respective sides of those singles were ranked separately by Billboard.
  • ^  Whitburn calculates a total of six number one R&B singles, including "Don't Be Cruel", released as a double A-side with "Hound Dog";[29] Billboard's Keith Caulfield excludes "Don't Be Cruel".[30]

استشهادات

  1. ^ Guffey 2006, p. 127.
  2. ^ Miles et al 2008, p. 32.
  3. ^ أ ب Keogh 2004, p. 263.
  4. ^ Rolling Stone 2009.
  5. ^ Whitburn 2007.
  6. ^ Whitburn 2008.
  7. ^ أ ب Warwick et al 2004, pp. 860–66.
  8. ^ أ ب everyHit.com 2009.
  9. ^ Whitburn 2004, pp. 500–4.
  10. ^ Whitburn 2006, pp. 271–73.
  11. ^ Elster 2006, p. 391.
  12. ^ أ ب Nash 2005, p. 11.
  13. ^ Guralnick 1994, p. 13.
  14. ^ أ ب Adelman 2002, pp. 13–15.
  15. ^ Dundy 2004, p. 21.
  16. ^ Bloom 2010.
  17. ^ Stanley & Coffey 1998, pp. 28–29.
  18. ^ Jorgensen 1998, pp. 35, 51, 57, 61, 75.
  19. ^ Jorgensen 1998, pp. 157–58, 166, 168.
  20. ^ VH1 1998.
  21. ^ BBC News 2001.
  22. ^ Rolling Stone 2004.
  23. ^ CMT 2005.
  24. ^ Discovery Channel 2005.
  25. ^ Variety.com 2005.
  26. ^ The Atlantic Monthly 2006.
  27. ^ Mawer 2007a.
  28. ^ Mawer 2007b.
  29. ^ Whitburn 2004, pp. 500–1.
  30. ^ Caulfield 2004, p. 24.

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  • Ramsland, Katherine. TruTV. "Cyril Wecht: Forensic Pathologist—Coverup for a King"; 2010 [cited January 4, 2010].
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  • Recording Industry Association of America. Top 100 Albums; 2010 [cited January 31, 2010].
  • Robertson, John. Elvis Presley: The Complete Guide to His Music. Omnibus Press; 2004. ISBN 1844497119.
  • Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Elvis Presley; 2010 [cited July 22, 2010].
  • Rodman, Gilbert B. Elvis After Elvis, The Posthumous Career of a Living Legend. Routledge; 1996. ISBN 0415110025.
  • Rogers, Dave. Rock 'n' Roll. Routledge & Kegan Paul; 1982. ISBN 0710009380.
  • The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone. April 15, 2004 [archived 2008-06-25; cited December 29, 2009].
  • 1969 Rolling Stone Covers. Rolling Stone. 2009 [archived July 5, 2008; cited December 24, 2009].
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  • Roy, Samuel. Elvis: Prophet of Power. Branden; 1985. ISBN 0828318980.
  • In: Sadie, Stanley, editor. The Norton/Grove Concise Encyclopedia of Music. Revised ed. W. W. Norton; 1994. ISBN 0393037533.
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  • Scherman, Tony. "Elvis Dies". American Heritage. August 16, 2006 [cited December 29, 2009].
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  • BBC. "Sinatra Is Voice of the Century"; April 18, 2001 [cited December 29, 2009].
  • Slaughter, Todd; Anne E. Nixon. The Elvis Archives. Omnibus Press; 2004. ISBN 1844493806.
  • Stanley, David; Coffey, Frank. The Elvis Encyclopedia. Virgin Books; 1998. ISBN 0753502933.
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  • Szatmary, David. A Time to Rock: A Social History of Rock 'n' Roll. Schirmer Books; 1996. ISBN 0028646703.
  • Tasker, Yvonne. "Cowgirl Tales". In: Codell, Julie F., editor. Genre, Gender, Race, and World Cinema: An Anthology. Blackwell; 2007. ISBN 1405132329.
  • Trust, Gary. "Chart Beat". Billboard. June 2, 2010 [cited July 22, 2010].
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  • Warwick, Neil; Kutner, Jon; Brown, Tony. The Complete Book of the British Charts: Singles & Albums. 3rd ed. Omnibus Press; 2004. ISBN 1844490580.
  • Waters, Lindsay. "Come Softly, Darling, Hear What I Say: Listening in a State of Distraction—A Tribute to the Work of Walter Benjamin, Elvis Presley, and Robert Christgau". Boundary 2. Spring 2003.
  • Whitburn, Joel. Billboard Top 1000 Singles 1955–1992. Billboard Books; 1993. ISBN 079352072X.
  • Whitburn, Joel. The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. 8th ed. Billboard Books; 2004. ISBN 0823074994.
  • Whitburn, Joel. The Billboard Book of Top 40 Country Hits. 2nd ed. Billboard Books; 2006. ISBN 0823082911.
  • Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn Presents the Billboard Albums. 6th ed. Record Research; 2007. ISBN 0898201667.
  • Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn Presents Hot Country Albums: Billboard 1964 to 2007. Record Research; 2008. ISBN 089820173X.
  • Wolfe, Charles. Amazing Grace: His Greatest Sacred Performances. CD Booklet RCA/BMG. UPC 7863664212; 1994.
  • Woolley, John T.; Peters, Gerhard. American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara. Jimmy Carter: Death of Elvis Presley Statement by the President; August 17, 1977 [cited December 29, 2009].

قرءات أخرى

  • Allen, Lew (2007). Elvis and the Birth of Rock. Genesis. ISBN 1905662009.
  • Ann-Margret and Todd Gold (1994). Ann-Margret: My Story. G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 0399138919.
  • Cantor, Louis (2005). Dewey and Elvis: The Life and Times of a Rock 'n' Roll Deejay. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 025202981X.
  • Dickerson, James L. (2001). Colonel Tom Parker: The Curious Life of Elvis Presley's Eccentric Manager. Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0815412673.
  • Finstad, Suzanne (1997). Child Bride: The Untold Story of Priscilla Beaulieu Presley. Harmony Books. ISBN 0517705850.
  • Goldman, Albert (1981). Elvis. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0070236577.
  • Goldman, Albert (1990). Elvis: The Last 24 Hours. St. Martin's. ISBN 0312925417.
  • Klein, George (2010). Elvis: My Best Man: Radio Days, Rock 'n' Roll Nights, and My Lifelong Friendship with Elvis Presley. Virgin Books. ISBN 9780307452740
  • Marcus, Greil (1999). Dead Elvis: A Chronicle of a Cultural Obsession. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674194225.
  • Marcus, Greil (2000). Double Trouble: Bill Clinton and Elvis Presley in a Land of No Alternative. Picador. ISBN 057120676X.
  • Nash, Alanna (2010). Baby, Let's Play House: Elvis Presley and the Women Who Loved Him. It Books. ISBN 0061699845.
  • West, Red, Sonny West, and Dave Hebler (as told to Steve Dunleavy) (1977). Elvis: What Happened? Bantam Books. ISBN 0345272153.

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