أزمة شمال كوسوڤو

North Kosovo crisis
Serbian block roads.jpg
Serb blockade of a road in North Kosovo
التاريخ25 July 2011 – 19 April 2013
الموقعNorth Kosovo
النوعCivil unrest
السببRepublic of Kosovo's imposition of sovereignty on the whole territory of Kosovo according to Constitution of Kosovo; acquiring administrative stations located in North Kosovo. Local Serbs' prevention of the imposition of Republic of Kosovo-enacted decrees within North Kosovo.
المشاركونKosovo Force, Kosovo Police, local Serbs[1][2]
الوفيات3 Serbs dead,[3] 1 Kosovar policeman dead[4]
اصابات غير قاتلة
Location of North KosovoNorth Kosovo location map.png

The North Kosovo Crisis (2011–2013) was made up of a sequential series clashes between ethnic Serbs in northern Kosovo and the Republic of Kosovo[a] and began on 25 July 2011 when the Kosovo Police crossed into the Serb-controlled municipalities of North Kosovo, in an attempt to control several administrative border crossings without the consultation of either Serbia or KFOR/EULEX.[4][8] Though tensions between the two sides eased somewhat after the intervention of NATO's KFOR forces, they continued to remain high amid concern from the EU, who also blamed Kosovo for the unilateral provocation.[9] On 19 April 2013, an agreement was signed in Brussels between representatives of Kosovo and Serbia. The 15-point document granted devolved powers to North Kosovo regarding economic development, education, healthcare and urban planning, and a number of mechanisms that allowed a certain degree of autonomy in justice, policing and electoral matters.[10]


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See also


Notes

a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between Serbia and the local Albanian majority. The Assembly of Kosovo declared its independence on 17 February 2008, a move that is recognised and the Republic of China (Taiwan), but not by Serbia, which claims it as part of its sovereign territory.

References

  1. ^ "Kosovo: EU aid for law and order criticised by auditors". BBC. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  2. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة reuters1
  3. ^ أ ب Daniel Hamilton (6 June 2011). "Kosovo: Time for partition". The Commentator. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  4. ^ أ ب Mark Lowen (27 July 2011). "Kosovo tense after deadly clash on Serbian border". BBC. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
  5. ^ 4 wounded (27 September),[1] 8 wounded (20 October),[2] 21 wounded (24 November), [3] 30 wounded (28 November),[4][dead link]
  6. ^ "Google Translate". Archived from the original on 20 October 2001. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  7. ^ "Senior UN official condemns latest violence in northern Kosovo". 7 September 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Nato Steps In Amid Kosovo-Serbia Border Row". Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  9. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة AlJazeera1
  10. ^ Smolar, Piotr (30 April 2014). "Serbia and Kosovo sign historic agreement". The Guardian.