قوات مشاة البحرية الأمريكية

(تم التحويل من United States Marine Corps)
United States Marine Corps
USMC logo.svg
نشطة 10 November 1775 – present
البلد  الولايات المتحدة
الفرع Marine Corps
النوع Amphibious and expeditionary
الدور Naval Infantry/Ground Force
الحجم 202,779 active (اعتبارا من أكتوبر 2010)[1][2]
40,000 reserve (اعتبارا من 2010)[3]
جزء من Department of Defense
Department of the Navy
Headquarters Headquarters Marine Corps
الكنية The Few, The Proud
الشعار اللفظي Semper Fidelis
Colors Scarlet & Gold[4]         
المشية "Semper Fidelis"Play 
جالب الحظ English Bulldog[5][6]
الاشتباكات
التكريمات
القادة
Commandant Gen James F. Amos
Assistant Commandant Gen Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.
Sergeant Major SgtMaj Carlton W. Kent
الشارات
Eagle, Globe, and Anchor Globeanchor.svg

قوات مشاة البحرية الأمريكية (United States Marine Corps) أو ما يعرف بالمارينز هي أحد الفروع الأربعة للقوات العسكرية الأمريكية، تخضع جزئيا لقوات البحرية (United States Navy) خاصة في الأمور غير القتالية. يعمل في سلاح مشاة البحرية الأمريكي 190،000 الف جندي في الخدمة الفعلية و40،000 الف جندي في الاحتياط. ويقع مركز قيادة في أرلينغتون بولاية فيرجينيا وتضم مكاتب القيادة والتحكم.

مهام سلاح المشاة البحري الأمريكي التعامل والتنسيق مع سلاح البحرية الأمريكية وتوصيل المعونات والأسلحة في الأزمات العالمية والاستخدام في عمليات الابرار المائية والاقتحام الساحلي والتنقل بواسطة البحرية الأمريكية وحراسة القواعد البحرية داخل وخارج الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية ومن مميزات قوات المشاء البحرية الأمريكية انهم قادرين علي العمل برا وبحرا وجواً والانتقال عبرهم.

Capabilities


History

المقالة الرئيسية: History of the United States Marine Corps

Origins

color painting of American soldiers and Marines attacking Chapultepec castle
James Walker, Storming of Chapultepec, 1847


black & white photograph of six Marines staning in line, five with Civil-War era rifles and one with an NCO sword
Five Marines with fixed bayonets, and their NCO with his sword at the Washington Navy Yard, 1864

World War I

monochromatic artwork of Marines fighting Germans in a forest

الحرب العالمية الثانية

Korean War

black & white photo of Marines using ladders to scale a seawall
Marine lieutenant Baldomero Lopez scaling the seawall at Inchon, September 1950


Global War on Terrorism

color photo of three Marines entering a partially destroyed palace
Marines from 1st Battalion 7th Marines enter a palace in Baghdad.


Operation Iraqi Freedom

خطأ في إنشاء صورة مصغرة:
Bravo Battery, 1st Battalion, 11th Marines, a.k.a. the Beastmasters fight off Iraqi unit on March 26, 2003


Personnel

Leadership

Rank structure

المقالة الرئيسية: United States Marine Corps rank insignia


Commissioned Officers

US DoD Pay Grade O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10
Insignia
gold vertical bar
silver vertical bar
two silver vertical bars
gold oak leaf
silver oak leaf
silver eagle with shield clutching arrows
single silver star
two silver stars
three silver stars
four silver stars
Title Second Lieutenant First Lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier General Major General Lieutenant General General
Abbreviation 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen
NATO Code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

Warrant Officers

انظر أيضاً: Warrant Officer (United States)

Warrant Officers are primarily former enlisted experts in a specific specialized field, and provide leadership generally only within that speciality.

US DoD Pay Grade W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 W-5
Insignia gold bar with two red squares gold bar with three red squares silver bar with two red squares siver bar with three red squares silver bar with a red line down the long axis
Title Warrant Officer 1 Chief Warrant Officer 2 Chief Warrant Officer 3 Chief Warrant Officer 4 Chief Warrant Officer 5
Abbreviation WO1 CWO2 CWO3 CWO4 CWO5
NATO Code WO-1 WO-2 WO-3 WO-4 WO-5

Enlisted

US DoD Pay grade E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9
Insignia No Insignia single chevron single chevron with crossed rifles two chevrons with crossed rifles three chevrons with crossed rifles three chevrons up and one down with crossed rifles three chevrons up and two down with crossed rifles three chevrons up and three down with crossed rifles three chevrons up and three down with diamond three chevrons up and four down with bursting bomb three chevrons up and four down with star three chevrons up and four down with Eagle, Globe, and Anchor insignia flanked by two stars
Title Private Private
First Class
Lance
Corporal
Corporal Sergeant Staff
Sergeant
Gunnery
Sergeant
Master
Sergeant
First
Sergeant
Master Gunnery
Sergeant
Sergeant
Major
Sergeant Major
of the Marine Corps
Abbreviation Pvt PFC LCpl Cpl Sgt SSgt GySgt MSgt 1stSgt MGySgt SgtMaj SgtMajMarCor
NATO Code OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9

Initial training

Every year, over 2,000 new Marine officers are commissioned, and 38,000 recruits accepted and trained.[7] All new Marines, enlisted or officer, are recruited by the Marine Corps Recruiting Command.


الزي

المقالة الرئيسية: Uniforms of the United States Marine Corps
color drawings of four Marines wearing various uniforms
Left to right: Utility Uniform, Dress Uniform, Service Uniform, and Evening Dress uniforms

الثقافة

المقالة الرئيسية: Culture of the United States Marine Corps

As in any military organization, the official and unofficial traditions of the Marine Corps serve to reinforce camaraderie and set the service apart from others. The Corps' embrace of its rich culture and history is cited as a reason for its high esprit de corps.[8]

color artwork of an Eagle, Globe, and Anchor over crossed American and Marine flags
Eagle, Globe and Anchor along with the US flag, the Marine Corps flag and the Commandant's flag

Official traditions and customs


Unofficial traditions and customs

cartoon of a bulldog wearing a Marine helmet chasing a dachshund wearing a German helmet, the poster reads "Teufelhunden: German nickname for U.S. Marines. Devil Dog recruiting station, 628 South State Street"
A recruiting poster makes use of the "Teufel Hunden" nickname.

Equipment

color photo of a Marine peering through the optics of a large rifle
Marine sniper using the M-14 Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR)

Infantry weapons

المقالة الرئيسية: List of weapons of the United States Marine Corps

The basic infantry weapon of the Marine Corps is the M16 assault rifle family, with a majority of Marines being equipped with the M16A2 or M16A4 service rifles (the M16A2 is being phased out). The M4 carbine, a compact variant of the M16, has also been issued.[9] The standard side arm is the M9 pistol. Suppressive fire is provided by the M249 SAW and M240 machine guns, at the squad and company levels respectively. In addition, indirect fire is provided by the M203 grenade launcher in fireteams, M224 60 mm mortar in companies, and M252 81 mm mortar in battalions. The M2 .50 caliber heavy machine gun and MK19 automatic grenade launcher (40 mm) are available for use by dismounted infantry, though they are more commonly vehicle-mounted. Precision firepower is provided by the M40 sniper rifle and M82 anti-materiel rifle by Scout Snipers, while designated marksmen use the DMR (being replaced by the M39 EMR), and the SAM-R.[10]

الطائرات

المقالة الرئيسية: United States Marine Corps Aviation

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Marine Corps Almanac" (PDF). Concepts & Programs (United States Marine Corps) 2010: pp. 266–279. January 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  2. ^ "Armed Forces Strength Figures for October 31, 2010" (PDF). Military Personnel Statistics: Active Duty Military Strength by Service. U.S. Department of Defense. October 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Reserve Force Figures" (PDF). The Continental Marine Magazine - Almanac 2010. Marine Forces Reserve. 2010. p. 9. Retrieved 27 December 2010. The Selected Marine Corps Reserve has approximately 39,600 Marines; the Individual Ready Reserve has approximately 60,000 Marines. 
  4. ^ Lejeune, Major General John A (18 April 1925). "Marine Corps Order No. 4 (Series 1925)". Commandant of the Marine Corps. United States Marine Corps History Division. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Loredo-Agostini, Sgt Heidi E. (30 July 2009). "Ready for the Corps: Marines recruit latest mascot from South Texas". Recruiting Station San Antonio. Castroville, Texas: United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Dobbs, LCpl Chris (25 July 2008). "Marine Barracks’ mascot, Chesty the XII, retires after more than 40 ‘dog years’ of faithful service". Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C.: United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  7. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة ChenowethNihart
  8. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Estes
  9. ^ "Top Marine Glad to Have M16A4 Standard". Kit Up!. Military.com. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "M40A1 Sniper Rifle". USMC Fact File. U.S. Marine corps. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2008. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

وصلات خارجية