سقوط البلاك هوك (فيلم)

(تم التحويل من Black Hawk Down (film))
Black Hawk Down
Black hawk down ver1.jpg
Theatrical release poster
اخراجRidley Scott
انتاجJerry Bruckheimer
Ridley Scott
الحوار السينمائيKen Nolan
بطولةJosh Hartnett
Eric Bana
Ewan McGregor
Tom Sizemore
William Fichtner
Sam Shepard
موسيقىHans Zimmer
سينماتوگرافياSławomir Idziak
تحريرPietro Scalia
شركــة
الانتاج
توزيعSony Pictures Releasing
تواريخ العرضديسمبر 28، 2001 (2001-12-28) (United States)
طول الفيلم144 minutes[1]
البلدUnited States
United Kingdom[2]
اللغةEnglish
الميزانية$110.5 million[3]
إيراد الشباك$173 million[4]

Black Hawk Down is a 2001 British-American war film produced and directed by Ridley Scott, from a screenplay by Ken Nolan. It is based on the 1999 non-fiction book of the same name by journalist Mark Bowden, about the U.S. military's 1993 raid in Mogadishu. The film features a large ensemble cast, including Josh Hartnett, Ewan McGregor, Eric Bana, Tom Sizemore, William Fichtner, Sam Shepard, and Tom Hardy in his first film role.

Black Hawk Down won two Academy Awards for Best Film Editing and Best Sound at the 74th Academy Awards.[5] In 2006, an extended cut of the film was released on DVD. The cut contains an additional eight minutes of footage, increasing the running time to 152 minutes. This extended cut was released on Blu-ray and in 4K on May 7, 2019.[بحاجة لمصدر]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الحبكة

Following the ousting of the central government in 1993 amid the civil war in Somalia, the United Nations Security Council authorizes a military operation with a peacekeeping mandate. After the bulk of the peacekeepers withdraw, the Mogadishu-based militia loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid declares war on the remaining UN personnel. In response, the U.S. Army deploys three of its special operations forces75th Rangers, Delta Force counter-terror operators, and 160th SOAR - Night Stalkers aviators – to Mogadishu to capture Aidid, who has proclaimed himself president.

To consolidate his power and subdue the population in the south, Aidid and his militia seize Red Cross food shipments. The UN forces are powerless to intervene directly. Outside Mogadishu, Rangers and Delta Force capture Osman Ali Atto, a faction leader selling arms to Aidid's militia. The US then plans a mission to capture Omar Salad Elmi and Abdi Hassan Awale Qeybdiid, two of Aidid's top advisers.

The U.S. forces include experienced men as well as new recruits, including 18-year-old Private First Class Todd Blackburn and Specialist John Grimes, a desk clerk. Staff Sergeant Matthew Eversmann receives his first command, of Ranger Chalk Four, after his lieutenant suffers a seizure. Eversmann responds to mocking remarks about Somalis from fellow soldiers by saying he respects the Somalis and has compassion for the terrible conditions of civil war for the Somali people, saying there are two things they can do, "We can help, or we can sit back and watch a country destroy itself on CNN."

The operation begins, and Delta Force operators capture Aidid's advisers inside the target building, while the Rangers and helicopters escorting the ground-extraction convoy take heavy fire. Blackburn is severely injured when he falls from one of the Black Hawk helicopters, so three Humvees led by Staff Sergeant Jeff Struecker are detached from the convoy to return Blackburn to the UN-held Mogadishu Airport.

Sergeant Dominick Pilla is shot and killed just as Struecker's column departs, and shortly thereafter Black Hawk Super Six-One, piloted by Chief Warrant Officer Clifton "Elvis" Wolcott, is shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade. Wolcott and his co-pilot are killed, the two crew chiefs are wounded, and one Delta Force sniper on board, Busch, escapes in an MH-6 Little Bird helicopter but dies later from his wounds.

The ground forces are rerouted to converge on the crash site. The Somali militia erects roadblocks, and Lieutenant Colonel Danny McKnight's Humvee column is unable to reach the crash area and sustains heavy casualties. Meanwhile, two Ranger Chalks, including Eversmann's unit, reach Super-Six One's crash site and set up a defensive perimeter to await evacuation with the two wounded men and the fallen pilots. In the interim, Super Six-Four, piloted by Chief Warrant Officer Michael Durant, is also shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade and crashes several blocks away.

With Captain Mike Steele's Rangers pinned down and sustaining heavy casualties, no ground forces can reach Super Six-Four's crash site nor reinforce the Rangers defending Super Six-One. Two Delta Force snipers, Sergeant First Class Randy Shughart and Master Sergeant Gary Gordon, are inserted by helicopter to Super Six-Four's crash site, where they find Durant still alive. The site is eventually overrun, Gordon and Shughart are killed, and Durant is captured by Aidid's militia.

McKnight's column relinquishes their attempt to reach Six-One's crash site, and returns to base with their prisoners and the casualties. The men prepare to go back to extract the Rangers and the fallen pilots, and Major General Garrison sends Lieutenant Colonel Joe Cribbs to ask for reinforcements from the 10th Mountain Division, including Malaysian and Pakistani armored units from the UN coalition.

As night falls, Aidid's militia launches a sustained assault on the trapped Americans at Super Six-One's crash site. The militants are held off throughout the night by strafing runs and rocket attacks from AH-6J Little Bird helicopter gunships, until the 10th Mountain Division's relief column is able to reach the American soldiers. The wounded and casualties are evacuated in the vehicles, but a few Rangers and Delta Force soldiers are forced to run on foot from the crash site to reach the Safe Zone at the stadium.

The end titles recount the immediate aftermath of the mission and end of US military operations in Somalia: Michael Durant was released after 11 days of captivity, after which President Bill Clinton withdrew all US forces from Somalia. During the raid more than 1000 Somalis died, and 19 American soldiers lost their lives. The names of the 19 soldiers who died, including Delta Sgts. Gordon and Shughart, who were the first soldiers to receive the Medal of Honor posthumously since the Vietnam War, were listed by name. Mohamed Farah Aidid was killed in 1996. The following day, General Garrison retired.


الطاقم

75th رينجرز

قوة دلتا

160th SOAR (مطاردو الليل)

متفرقيات


الجوائز

Black Hawk Down received four Academy Award nominations for Best Director (lost to A Beautiful Mind) and Best Cinematography (lost to The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring) and won two Oscars for Best Sound and Best Film Editing. It also received three BAFTA Award nominations for Best Cinematography, Best Sound and Best Editing.

Award Category Nominee Result
NBR Award Top Ten Films فاز
AFI Award Cinematographer of the Year Slawomir Idziak رُشح
Director of the Year Ridley Scott رُشح
Editor of the Year Pietro Scalia رُشح
Movie of the Year Jerry Bruckheimer
Ridley Scott
رُشح
Production Designer of the Year Arthur Max رُشح
Academy Award Best Film Editing Pietro Scalia فاز
Best Sound Mixing Michael Minkler
Myron Nettinga
Chris Munro
فاز
Best Cinematography Slawomir Idziak رُشح
Best Director Ridley Scott رُشح
Saturn Award Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film رُشح
Eddie Award Best Edited Feature Film – Dramatic Pietro Scalia فاز
ADG Excellence in Production Design Award Contemporary Film Keith Pain
Marco Trentini
Gianni Giovagnoni
Cliff Robinson
Pier Luigi Basile
Ivo Husnjak
Arthur Max
رُشح
Harry Award فاز
BAFTA Award Best Cinematography Slawomir Idziak رُشح
Best Editing Pietro Scalia رُشح
Best Sound Chris Munro
Per Hallberg
Michael Minkler
Myron Nettinga
Karen Baker Landers
رُشح
Golden Reel Award Best Sound Editing – Dialogue and ADR in a Feature Film Per Hallberg
Karen Baker Landers
Chris Jargo
Mark L. Mangino
Chris Hogan
فاز
Best Sound Editing – Effects & Foley, Domestic Feature Film Per Hallberg
Karen Baker Landers
Craig S. Jaeger
Jon Title
Christopher Assells
Dino Dimuro
Dan Hegeman
Michael A. Reagan
Gregory Hainer
Perry Robertson
Peter Staubli
Bruce Tanis
Michael Hertlein
Solange S. Schwalbe
فاز
Plus Camerimage Golden Frog Slawomir Idziak رُشح
Cinema Audio Society Award Outstanding Sound Mixing for Motion Pictures Michael Minkler
Myron Nettinga
Chris Munro
رُشح
Directors Guild of America Award Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Ridley Scott رُشح
Golden Trailer Award Best Drama Trailer Park, Inc. رُشح
MTV Movie Award Best Movie رُشح
Best Action Sequence First helicopter crash رُشح
PFCS Award Best Acting Ensemble Eric Bana
Ewen Bremner
William Fichtner
Josh Hartnett
Jason Isaacs
Ewan McGregor
Sam Shepard
Tom Sizemore
رُشح
Best Cinematography Slawomir Idziak رُشح
Best Film Editing Pietro Scalia رُشح
Teen Choice Award Film – Choice Actor, Drama/Action Adventure Josh Hartnett رُشح
Film – Choice Movie, Drama/Action Adventure رُشح
World Soundtrack Award Best Original Soundtrack of the Year Hans Zimmer رُشح
Soundtrack Composer of the Year رُشح
Writers Guild of America Award Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published Ken Nolan رُشح
ASCAP Award Top Box Office Films Hans Zimmer (also for The Ring) فاز
DVD Exclusive Award Best Overall DVD, New Movie (Including All Extra Features) Charles de Lauzirika (Deluxe Edition) رُشح
Saturn Award Best DVD Special Edition Release رُشح


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

جدال وعدم دقة

Soon after Black Hawk Down's release, the Somali Justice Advocacy Center in California denounced what they felt was its brutal and dehumanizing depiction of Somalis and called for its boycott.[6]


انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "BLACK HAWK DOWN". bbfc.co.uk. British Board of Film Classification. January 9, 2002. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  2. ^ "Black Hawk Down (2002)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  3. ^ Lang, Brent (September 1, 2011). "'Inside the Revolution Library: Where Joe Roth Went Wrong". TheWrap.com. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  4. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة BoxOfficeMojo
  5. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
  6. ^ "Black Hawk Rising". ZMag.org. Retrieved 2014-09-15.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Ridley Scott قالب:Jerry Bruckheimer