سقوط البلاك هوك (فيلم)
|Black Hawk Down|
Theatrical release poster
|الحوار السينمائي||Ken Nolan|
|توزيع||Sony Pictures Releasing|
|تواريخ العرض||ديسمبر 28، 2001(United States)|
|طول الفيلم||144 minutes|
|إيراد الشباك||$173 million|
Black Hawk Down is a 2001 British-American war film produced and directed by Ridley Scott, from a screenplay by Ken Nolan. It is based on the 1999 non-fiction book of the same name by journalist Mark Bowden, about the U.S. military's 1993 raid in Mogadishu. The film features a large ensemble cast, including Josh Hartnett, Ewan McGregor, Eric Bana, Tom Sizemore, William Fichtner, Sam Shepard, and Tom Hardy in his first film role.
Black Hawk Down won two Academy Awards for Best Film Editing and Best Sound at the 74th Academy Awards. In 2006, an extended cut of the film was released on DVD. The cut contains an additional eight minutes of footage, increasing the running time to 152 minutes. This extended cut was released on Blu-ray and in 4K on May 7, 2019.[بحاجة لمصدر]
Following the ousting of the central government in 1993 amid the civil war in Somalia, the United Nations Security Council authorizes a military operation with a peacekeeping mandate. After the bulk of the peacekeepers withdraw, the Mogadishu-based militia loyal to Mohamed Farrah Aidid declares war on the remaining UN personnel. In response, the U.S. Army deploys three of its special operations forces – 75th Rangers, Delta Force counter-terror operators, and 160th SOAR - Night Stalkers aviators – to Mogadishu to capture Aidid, who has proclaimed himself president.
To consolidate his power and subdue the population in the south, Aidid and his militia seize Red Cross food shipments. The UN forces are powerless to intervene directly. Outside Mogadishu, Rangers and Delta Force capture Osman Ali Atto, a faction leader selling arms to Aidid's militia. The US then plans a mission to capture Omar Salad Elmi and Abdi Hassan Awale Qeybdiid, two of Aidid's top advisers.
The U.S. forces include experienced men as well as new recruits, including 18-year-old Private First Class Todd Blackburn and Specialist John Grimes, a desk clerk. Staff Sergeant Matthew Eversmann receives his first command, of Ranger Chalk Four, after his lieutenant suffers a seizure. Eversmann responds to mocking remarks about Somalis from fellow soldiers by saying he respects the Somalis and has compassion for the terrible conditions of civil war for the Somali people, saying there are two things they can do, "We can help, or we can sit back and watch a country destroy itself on CNN."
The operation begins, and Delta Force operators capture Aidid's advisers inside the target building, while the Rangers and helicopters escorting the ground-extraction convoy take heavy fire. Blackburn is severely injured when he falls from one of the Black Hawk helicopters, so three Humvees led by Staff Sergeant Jeff Struecker are detached from the convoy to return Blackburn to the UN-held Mogadishu Airport.
Sergeant Dominick Pilla is shot and killed just as Struecker's column departs, and shortly thereafter Black Hawk Super Six-One, piloted by Chief Warrant Officer Clifton "Elvis" Wolcott, is shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade. Wolcott and his co-pilot are killed, the two crew chiefs are wounded, and one Delta Force sniper on board, Busch, escapes in an MH-6 Little Bird helicopter but dies later from his wounds.
The ground forces are rerouted to converge on the crash site. The Somali militia erects roadblocks, and Lieutenant Colonel Danny McKnight's Humvee column is unable to reach the crash area and sustains heavy casualties. Meanwhile, two Ranger Chalks, including Eversmann's unit, reach Super-Six One's crash site and set up a defensive perimeter to await evacuation with the two wounded men and the fallen pilots. In the interim, Super Six-Four, piloted by Chief Warrant Officer Michael Durant, is also shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade and crashes several blocks away.
With Captain Mike Steele's Rangers pinned down and sustaining heavy casualties, no ground forces can reach Super Six-Four's crash site nor reinforce the Rangers defending Super Six-One. Two Delta Force snipers, Sergeant First Class Randy Shughart and Master Sergeant Gary Gordon, are inserted by helicopter to Super Six-Four's crash site, where they find Durant still alive. The site is eventually overrun, Gordon and Shughart are killed, and Durant is captured by Aidid's militia.
McKnight's column relinquishes their attempt to reach Six-One's crash site, and returns to base with their prisoners and the casualties. The men prepare to go back to extract the Rangers and the fallen pilots, and Major General Garrison sends Lieutenant Colonel Joe Cribbs to ask for reinforcements from the 10th Mountain Division, including Malaysian and Pakistani armored units from the UN coalition.
As night falls, Aidid's militia launches a sustained assault on the trapped Americans at Super Six-One's crash site. The militants are held off throughout the night by strafing runs and rocket attacks from AH-6J Little Bird helicopter gunships, until the 10th Mountain Division's relief column is able to reach the American soldiers. The wounded and casualties are evacuated in the vehicles, but a few Rangers and Delta Force soldiers are forced to run on foot from the crash site to reach the Safe Zone at the stadium.
The end titles recount the immediate aftermath of the mission and end of US military operations in Somalia: Michael Durant was released after 11 days of captivity, after which President Bill Clinton withdrew all US forces from Somalia. During the raid more than 1000 Somalis died, and 19 American soldiers lost their lives. The names of the 19 soldiers who died, including Delta Sgts. Gordon and Shughart, who were the first soldiers to receive the Medal of Honor posthumously since the Vietnam War, were listed by name. Mohamed Farah Aidid was killed in 1996. The following day, General Garrison retired.
- Josh Hartnett as SSG Matt Eversmann
- Ewan McGregor as SPC John "Grimesey" Grimes
- Tom Sizemore as LTC Danny McKnight
- Ewen Bremner as SPC Shawn Nelson
- Gabriel Casseus as SPC Mike Kurth
- Hugh Dancy as SFC Kurt "Doc" Schmid
- Ioan Gruffudd as LT John Beales
- Tom Guiry as SGT Ed Yurek
- Charlie Hofheimer as CPL Jamie Smith
- Danny Hoch as SGT Dominick Pilla
- Jason Isaacs as CPT Mike Steele
- Brendan Sexton III as PVT Richard "Alphabet" Kowalewski
- Brian Van Holt as SSG Jeff Struecker
- Ian Virgo as PVT John Waddell
- Tom Hardy as SPC Lance Twombly
- Gregory Sporleder as SGT Scott Galentine
- Carmine Giovinazzo as SGT Mike Goodale
- Chris Beetem as SGT Casey Joyce
- Tac Fitzgerald as SPC Brad Thomas
- Matthew Marsden as SPC Dale Sizemore
- Orlando Bloom as PFC Todd Blackburn
- Enrique Murciano as SGT Lorenzo Ruiz
- Michael Roof as PVT John Maddox
- Kent Linville as PFC Clay Othic
- Sam Shepard as MG William F. Garrison
- Eric Bana as SFC Norm "Hoot" Gibson
- William Fichtner as SFC Jeff Sanderson
- Kim Coates as MSG Tim “Griz” Martin
- Steven Ford as LTC Joe Cribbs
- Željko Ivanek as LTC Gary L. Harrell
- Johnny Strong as SFC Randy Shughart
- Nikolaj Coster-Waldau as MSG Gary Gordon
- Richard Tyson as SSG Daniel Busch
160th SOAR (مطاردو الليل)
- Ron Eldard as CWO4 Michael Durant
- Glenn Morshower as Col. Thomas Matthews
- Jeremy Piven as CWO Clifton Wolcott
- Boyd Kestner as CW3 Mike Goffena
- Pavel Vokoun as CWO Bull Briley
Black Hawk Down received four Academy Award nominations for Best Director (lost to A Beautiful Mind) and Best Cinematography (lost to The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring) and won two Oscars for Best Sound and Best Film Editing. It also received three BAFTA Award nominations for Best Cinematography, Best Sound and Best Editing.
|NBR Award||Top Ten Films||فاز|
|AFI Award||Cinematographer of the Year||Slawomir Idziak||رُشح|
|Director of the Year||Ridley Scott||رُشح|
|Editor of the Year||Pietro Scalia||رُشح|
|Movie of the Year||Jerry Bruckheimer
|Production Designer of the Year||Arthur Max||رُشح|
|Academy Award||Best Film Editing||Pietro Scalia||فاز|
|Best Sound Mixing||Michael Minkler
|Best Cinematography||Slawomir Idziak||رُشح|
|Best Director||Ridley Scott||رُشح|
|Saturn Award||Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film||رُشح|
|Eddie Award||Best Edited Feature Film – Dramatic||Pietro Scalia||فاز|
|ADG Excellence in Production Design Award||Contemporary Film||Keith Pain
Pier Luigi Basile
|BAFTA Award||Best Cinematography||Slawomir Idziak||رُشح|
|Best Editing||Pietro Scalia||رُشح|
|Best Sound||Chris Munro
Karen Baker Landers
|Golden Reel Award||Best Sound Editing – Dialogue and ADR in a Feature Film||Per Hallberg
Karen Baker Landers
Mark L. Mangino
|Best Sound Editing – Effects & Foley, Domestic Feature Film||Per Hallberg
Karen Baker Landers
Craig S. Jaeger
Michael A. Reagan
Solange S. Schwalbe
|Plus Camerimage||Golden Frog||Slawomir Idziak||رُشح|
|Cinema Audio Society Award||Outstanding Sound Mixing for Motion Pictures||Michael Minkler
|Directors Guild of America Award||Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures||Ridley Scott||رُشح|
|Golden Trailer Award||Best Drama||Trailer Park, Inc.||رُشح|
|MTV Movie Award||Best Movie||رُشح|
|Best Action Sequence||First helicopter crash||رُشح|
|PFCS Award||Best Acting Ensemble||Eric Bana
|Best Cinematography||Slawomir Idziak||رُشح|
|Best Film Editing||Pietro Scalia||رُشح|
|Teen Choice Award||Film – Choice Actor, Drama/Action Adventure||Josh Hartnett||رُشح|
|Film – Choice Movie, Drama/Action Adventure||رُشح|
|World Soundtrack Award||Best Original Soundtrack of the Year||Hans Zimmer||رُشح|
|Soundtrack Composer of the Year||رُشح|
|Writers Guild of America Award||Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published||Ken Nolan||رُشح|
|ASCAP Award||Top Box Office Films||Hans Zimmer (also for The Ring)||فاز|
|DVD Exclusive Award||Best Overall DVD, New Movie (Including All Extra Features)||Charles de Lauzirika (Deluxe Edition)||رُشح|
|Saturn Award||Best DVD Special Edition Release||رُشح|
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جدال وعدم دقة
Soon after Black Hawk Down's release, the Somali Justice Advocacy Center in California denounced what they felt was its brutal and dehumanizing depiction of Somalis and called for its boycott.
- ^ "BLACK HAWK DOWN". bbfc.co.uk. British Board of Film Classification. January 9, 2002. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
- ^ "Black Hawk Down (2002)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- ^ Lang, Brent (September 1, 2011). "'Inside the Revolution Library: Where Joe Roth Went Wrong". TheWrap.com. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم
<ref>غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة
- ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-19.
- ^ "Black Hawk Rising". ZMag.org. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- Official website
- سقوط البلاك هوك at the Internet Movie Database
- سقوط البلاك هوك (فيلم) at AllRovi
- سقوط البلاك هوك (فيلم) at Box Office Mojo
- سقوط البلاك هوك (فيلم) at Metacritic