تفجير مركز التجارة العالمي 1993

(تم التحويل من 1993 World Trade Center bombing)
تفجير مركز التجارة العالمي 1993
WTC 1993 ATF Commons.jpg
Underground damage after the bombing
المكانWorld Trade Center, New York, NY 10048
الإحداثيات40°42′41″N 74°00′43″W / 40.711452°N 74.011919°W / 40.711452; -74.011919
التاريخFebruary 26, 1993
12:17:37 p.m. (UTC-05:00)
الهدفمركز التجارة العالمي
نوع الهجوم
Truck bombing, ارهاب، قتل جماعي
الوفيات6
المصابون
1,042
المنفذونرمزي يوسف، إياد إسماعيل ومتآمرون آخرون
الدافعIslamic fundamentalism, American foreign policy, U.S. support for Israel

تفجير مركز التجارة العالمي 1993 was the first terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, carried out on February 26, 1993, when a truck bomb was detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The 1,336 رطلs (606 kغ) urea nitrate–hydrogen gas enhanced device[1] was intended to send the North Tower (Tower 1) crashing into the South Tower (Tower 2), bringing both towers down and killing tens of thousands of people.[2][3] It failed to do so but killed six people and injured more than a thousand.[4]

The attack was planned by a group of terrorists including Ramzi Yousef, Mahmud Abouhalima, Mohammad Salameh, Nidal A. Ayyad, Abdul Rahman Yasin and Ahmed Ajaj. They received financing from Khaled Sheikh Mohammed, Yousef's uncle. In March 1994, four men were convicted of carrying out the bombing: Abouhalima, Ajaj, Ayyad and Salameh. The charges included conspiracy, explosive destruction of property, and interstate transportation of explosives. In November 1997, two more were convicted: Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind behind the bombings, and Eyad Ismoil, who drove the truck carrying the bomb.

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انظر أيضاً


الهامش

ملاحظات

  1. ^ Whitlock, Craig (July 5, 2005). "Homemade, Cheap and dangerous – Terror Cells Favor from Simple Ingredients In Building Bombs". Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
  2. ^ Childers, J. Gilmore; Henry J. DePippo (February 24, 1998). "Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings: Foreign Terrorists in America: Five Years After the World Trade Center". US Senate Judiciary Committee. Archived from the original on December 27, 2007. Retrieved January 8, 2008.
  3. ^ Wright, Lawrence, Looming Tower, Knopf, (2006) p. 178.
  4. ^ "FBI 100 First Strike: Global Terror in America". FBI.gov. Retrieved September 8, 2011.

مصادر

  • Lance, Peter (2003). 1000 Years for Revenge. HarperCollins.
  • Reeve, Simon (1999). The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama bin Laden and the Future of Terrorism. Northeastern University Press.
  • Wright, Lawrence (2006). The Looming Tower: Al Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-41486-X.
  • Dwyer, Jim; Kocieniewski, David; Murphy, Deidre; Tyre, Peg (1994). Two Seconds Under the World: terror comes to America—the conspiracy behind the World Trade Center bombing. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-59767-5. OCLC 30623523.

وصلات خارجية