1932

تحويل 1-1-1932م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | تحويل 31-12-1932م الى هجري  (وصلة خارجية)  | ابحث في الموسوعة عن مواضيع متعلقة بسنة 1932

1932
يناير
فبراير
مارس
أبريل
مايو
يونيو
يوليو
أغسطس
سبتمبر
أكتوبر
نوفمبر
ديسمبر
الألفية: الألفية 2nd
القرون: القرن 19th - القرن 20th - القرن 21st
العقود: 1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
السنوات: 1929 1930 1931 - 1932 - 1933 1934 1935
1932 حسب الموضوع:
الموضوع
حسب البلد
القادة
تصنيفات المواليد والوفيات
تصنيفات تأسيسات وانحلالات
تصنيفات أعمال وأطروحات
1932 في التقاويم الأخرى
التقويم الگريگوري 1932
MCMXXXII
آب أوربه كونديتا 2685
التقويم الأرمني 1381
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԱ
التقويم الآشوري 6682
التقويم البهائي 88–89
التقويم البنغالي 1339
التقويم الأمازيغي 2882
سنة العهد البريطاني 21 جو. 5 – 22 جو. 5
التقويم البوذي 2476
التقويم البورمي 1294
التقويم البيزنطي 7440–7441
التقويم الصيني 辛未(المعدن الماعز)
4628 أو 4568
    — إلى —
壬申年 (الماء القرد)
4629 أو 4569
التقويم القبطي 1648–1649
التقويم الديسكوردي 3098
التقويم الإثيوپي 1924–1925
التقويم العبري 5692–5693
التقاويم الهندوسية
 - ڤيكرام سامڤات 1988–1989
 - شاكا سامڤات 1854–1855
 - كالي يوگا 5033–5034
تقويم الهولوسين 11932
تقويم الإگبو 932–933
التقويم الإيراني 1310–1311
التقويم الهجري 1350–1351
التقويم الياباني Shōwa 7
(昭和7年)
تقويم جوچى 21
التقويم اليوليوسي الگريگوري ناقص 13 يوم
التقويم الكوري 4265
تقويم مينگوو جمهورية الصين 21
民國21年
التقويم الشمسي التايلندي 2475

سنة 1932 (MCMXXXII) كانت سنة كبيسة تبدأ يوم الجمعة (الرابط يعرض التقويم كاملاً) التقويم الگريگوري، السنة 1932nd بعد الميلاد (م)، السنة 932nd في الألفية 2nd، السنة 32nd في القرن 20th، والسنة 3rd في 1930s.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

أحداث

January

المقالة الرئيسية: January 1932

February

المقالة الرئيسية: February 1932

March

المقالة الرئيسية: March 1932

April

المقالة الرئيسية: April 1932

May

المقالة الرئيسية: May 1932

June

المقالة الرئيسية: June 1932

July

المقالة الرئيسية: July 1932

August

المقالة الرئيسية: August 1932
  • August – A farmers' revolt begins in the Midwestern United States.
  • August 1
  • August 2 – The first positron is discovered by Carl D. Anderson.
  • August 5 – Hitler meets with Schleicher and reneges on the "gentlemen's agreement", demanding that he be appointed Chancellor.[7] Schleicher agrees to support Hitler as Chancellor provided that he can remain minister of defense.[8] Schleicher sets up a meeting between Hindenburg and Hitler on for the 13 August to discuss Hitler's possible appointment as chancellor.
  • August 6
  • August 7 – Raymond Edward Welch becomes the first one legged man to scale the 6,288 ft. Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
  • August 9
    • The Papen government in Germany, which likes to take a tough "law and order" stance, passes via Article 48 a law proscribing the death penalty for a variety of offenses and with the court system simplified so that the courts can hand down as many death sentences as possible.[9]
    • The Potempa Murder case: In the German town of Potempa, five Nazi "Brownshirts" break into the house of Konrad Pietrzuch, a Communist miner, and proceed to castrate and beat him to death in front of his mother.[10] The case attracts much media attention in Germany. The murderers were released from jail after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.[11]
  • August 10 – A 5.1 kg chondrite-type meteorite breaks fragments and strikes earth near the town of Archie, Missouri.
  • August 11 – To celebrate Constitution Day in Germany, Chancellor Franz von Papen and his interior minister Baron Wilhelm von Gayl present proposed amendments to the Weimar constitution for a "New State" to deal with the problems besetting Germany.[12]
  • August 13 – Hitler meets President von Hindenburg and asks to be appointed as Chancellor.[13] Hindenburg refuses under the grounds that Hitler is not qualified to be Chancellor and asks him instead to serve as Vice-Chancellor in Papen's government.[12] Hitler announces his "all or nothing" strategy in which he will oppose any government not headed by himself and will accept no office other than Chancellor.
  • August 18Auguste Piccard reaches an altitude of 16,197 m (53,140 ft) with a hot air balloon.
  • August 18–19 – Scottish aviator Jim Mollison becomes the first pilot to make an East-to-West solo transatlantic flight, from Portmarnock, County Dublin, Ireland to RCAF Station Pennfield Ridge, New Brunswick, Canada, in his de Havilland Puss Moth biplane The Heart's Content.[14]
  • August 20 – The Ottawa conference ends with the adoption of Imperial Preference tariff, turning the British Empire into one economic zone with a series of tariffs meant to exclude non-empire states from competing within the markets of Britain; the Dominions; and the rest of the empire.
  • August 22 – The five SA men involved in the torture and murder of Konrad Pietrzuch are quickly convicted and sentenced to death under an emergency law introduced by the Papen government on 8 August.[9] The Potempa case becomes a cause célèbre in Germany with the Nazis demonstrating for amnesty for the "Potempa five" under the grounds they were justified in killing the Communist Pietrzuch. Hitler sends a telegram congratulating the "Potempa five".[9] Many Germans argue that the "Potempa five" are patriotic heroes who should not be executed while others maintain the death sentences are appropriate given the brutality of the torture and murder.
  • August 23 – The Panama Civil Aviation Authority is established.
  • August 30Hermann Göring is elected as Speaker of the German Reichstag.
  • August 31 – A total solar eclipse is visible from northern Canada through northeastern Vermont, New Hampshire, southwestern Maine and the Capes of Massachusetts.

September

المقالة الرئيسية: September 1932

October

المقالة الرئيسية: October 1932

November

المقالة الرئيسية: November 1932
The Cipher Bureau breaks the German Enigma cipher and overcomes the ever-growing structural and operating complexities of the evolving Enigma with plugboard, the main German cipher device during World War II.

December

المقالة الرئيسية: December 1932
  • December 1 – Germany returns to the World Disarmament Conference after the others powers agree to accept gleichberechtigung [مطلوب توضيح] "in principle". Henceforward, it is clear that Germany will be allowed to rearm beyond the limits imposed by the Treaty of Versailles.
  • December 3 – Hindenburg names Kurt von Schleicher as German chancellor after he ousts Papen. Papen is deeply angry about how his former friend Schleicher has brought him down and decides that he will do anything to get back into power.
  • December 4 – Chancellor Schleicher meets with Gregor Strasser and offers to appoint him Vice-Chancellor and Reich Commissioner for Prussia out of the hope that if faced with a split in the NSDAP, Hitler will support his government.[16]
  • December 5 – At a secret meeting of the Nazi leaders, Strasser urges Hitler to drop his "all or nothing" strategy and accept Schleicher's offer to have the Nazis serve in his cabinet.[17] Hitler gives a dramatic speech saying that Schleicher's offer is not acceptable and he will stick to his "all or nothing" strategy whatever the consequences might be and wins the Nazi leadership over to his viewpoint.[17]
  • December 8Gregor Strasser resigns as the chief of the NSDAP's organizational department in protest against Hitler's "all or nothing" strategy.[18]
  • December 12 – Japan and the Soviet Union reform their diplomatic connections.[مطلوب توضيح]
  • December 19BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service.
  • December 23 or 24 – A methane gas explosion causes the Moweaqua Coal Mine Disaster which claims 54 lives.
  • December 25
  • December 27
  • December 28 – The Cologne banker Kurt von Schröder-who is a close friend of Papen and a NSDAP member-meets with Adolf Hitler to tell him that Papen wants to set up a meeting to discuss how they can work together. Papen wants Nazi support to return to the Chancellorship while Hitler wants Papen to convince Hindenburg to appoint him Chancellor. Hitler agrees to meet Papen on 3 January 1933.

Date unknown

مواليد

January

February

March

April

May

يونيو

July

August

September

October

نوفمبر

December

Date unknown

وفيات

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

اكتوبر

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ أ ب Feuchtwanger, Edgar (1993). From Weimar to Hitler. Basingstoke: Macmillan. pp. 270–9. ISBN 0333274660. 
  2. ^ أ ب ت ث ج Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 366.
  3. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 250.
  4. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 253.
  5. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, pp. 368-69.
  6. ^ "Mars – the chocolate planet". Slough History Online. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  7. ^ Wheeler-Bennett, John. The Nemesis of Power, London: Macmillan, 1967, p. 257.
  8. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 371.
  9. ^ أ ب ت ث Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 382.
  10. ^ Kershaw, Ian. Hitler: 1889-1936: Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 381; ISBN 0-393-04671-0
  11. ^ Burleigh, Michael The Third Reich: A New History New York: Hill & Wang, 2000. p. 159; ISBN 0-8090-9325-1
  12. ^ أ ب Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 372.
  13. ^ Kershaw, Sir Ian. Hitler Hubris, New York: Norton, 1998, p. 373.
  14. ^ "Mollison's Atlantic Flight". Flight. 24 (35): 795–8. 1932-08-26. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  15. ^ "New York City Transit – History and Chronology". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  16. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 25.
  17. ^ أ ب Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, p. 26.
  18. ^ Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler's Thirty Days to Power, New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, pp. 27-28.
  19. ^ Lesch, J. E. (2007). "Prontosil". The First Miracle Drugs: How the Sulfa Drugs Transformed Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 51–61. ISBN 978-0-19-518775-5. 
  20. ^ 1959 Encyclopedia Americana.
  21. ^ US unemployment statistics, historyhome.co.uk; accessed December 10, 2014.

External links

ru-sib:1932