معركة دونگ شواي

(تم التحويل من Battle of Đồng Xoài)
معركة دونگ شواي
Battle of Dong Xoai
جزء من حرب ڤيتنام
DongXoaiHuey-65a.JPG
جنود ARVN 52nd Ranger Battalion (يسار) ومستشار من الجيش الأمريكي (يمين) في دونگ شواي.
التاريخ9–13 يونيو 1965
الموقع
النتيجة انتصار الڤيت كونگ
الخصوم
FNL Flag.svg ڤيت كونگ  ڤيتنام الجنوبية
 الولايات المتحدة
القادة والزعماء
FNL Flag.svg Le Trong Tan Flag of South Vietnam.svg Cao Văn Viên
Flag of the United States.svg وليام وستمورلاند
الوحدات المشاركة

FNL Flag.svg 9th Division

  • 271st Regiment
  • 272nd Regiment
  • 273rd Regiment
  • 274th Regiment
840th Battalion
Local sapper units

ڤيتنام الجنوبية ARVN Rangers

  • 34th Ranger Battalion
  • 36th Ranger Battalion
  • 52nd Ranger Battalion

ڤيتنام الجنوبية ARVN Forces

  • 51st Infantry Regiment
  • 7th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion
  • 7th Airborne Battalion

ڤيتنام الجنوبية Regional Forces

  • 111th RF Company
  • 327th Militia Company
  • 328th Militia Company

Flag of the United States.svg 173rd Airborne Brigade

Flag of the United States.svg 118th Aviation Company
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodian CIDG
الخسائر
126 bodies recovered inside recaptured compounds; several hundred more strewn over the battlefield [1] ڤيتنام الجنوبية:
416 قتيل، 174 جريح، و 233 مفقود
الولايات المتحدة:
20 قتيل أو جريح، و 13 مفقود

معركة دونگ شواي (ڤيتنامية: Trận Đồng Xoài) كانت معركة رئيسية أثناء الهجوم الصيفي لجبهة التحرير الوطنية في 1965 كجزء من حرب ڤيتنام. نشبت المعركة في Phước Long Province، ڤيتنام الجنوبية, بين 9 و 13 يونيو 1965.

In 1964, General Nguyễn Khánh gained control of the South Vietnamese government after General Dương Văn Minh was overthrown in a military coup. Although General Khánh was able to gain control of the military junta, he failed to garner support from the civilian population when he implemented various laws which limited the freedoms of the South Vietnamese people. He then had a falling-out with the Catholic faction within his own government, when he became increasingly reliant on the Buddhist movement to hold on to power. Consequently, on February 20, 1965, General Khánh was ousted from power and was forced to leave South Vietnam forever. The political instability in Saigon gave North Vietnamese leaders in Hanoi an opportunity to step up their military campaign in the south. They believed the South Vietnamese government was able to survive because it still had a strong military to combat the growing influence of the Viet Cong. With the summer campaign of 1965, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces aimed to inflict significant losses on the South Vietnamese military. In Phước Long Province, the Communist summer offensive culminated in the Đồng Xoài campaign.

The fight for Đồng Xoài began on the evening of June 9, 1965, when the Viet Cong 272nd Regiment attacked and captured the Civilian Irregular Defense Group and U.S. Special Forces camp there. In response to the sudden Viet Cong assault, the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) Joint General Staff ordered the ARVN 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, to retake Đồng Xoài district. They arrived on the battlefield on June 10, but were quickly overwhelmed by the Viet Cong 271st Regiment near Thuận Lợi. Later that day, Đồng Xoài was recaptured by the ARVN 52nd Ranger Battalion, which had survived an ambush while marching towards the district. On June 11, further South Vietnamese reinforcements arrived in the form of the ARVN 7th Airborne Battalion. The South Vietnamese paratroopers, while searching for survivors of the 1st Battalion in the Thuận Lợi rubber plantation, were defeated in a deadly ambush by the Viet Cong. On June 13 U.S. Army General William Westmoreland decided to insert elements of the U.S. 173rd Airborne Brigade into a major battle for the first time, because he feared the Viet Cong could secure a major base area in Phước Long Province. By that time, however, the Viet Cong had already withdrawn from the battlefield, so the U.S. paratroopers were ordered to return to base without a fight.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

المعركة

دونگ شواي في 1965
An aerial view of Đồng Xoài



الهامش

  1. ^ Moyar (2006), p. 402

المراجع

  • Anonymous. (1965). The Song Be—Đồng Xoài Victory. Binh Thuan: Liberation Publishing House.
  • Anonymous. (1988). The Great Anti-U.S. War of Resistance for National Salvation: Military Events. Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House.
  • Ang Cheng Guan. (2002). The Vietnam War From the Other Side: The Vietnamese Communists’ Perspective. London: Routledge.
  • George Kahin. (1986). A Death in November: America in Vietnam, 1963. New York: E.P.Dutton.
  • John M. Carland. (2000). Stemming the Tide: May 1965 to October 1966. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • Mark Moyar. (2004). Political Monks: The Militant Buddhist Movement During the Vietnam War. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Mark Moyar. (2006). Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War 1954–1975. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Nguyen Dinh Uoc & Nguyen Van Minh. (1997). History of the War of Resistance Against America (3rd edn). Hanoi: National Politics Publishing.
  • Robert Shaplen. (1966). The Lost Revolution: Vietnam 1945–1965. London: Andre Deutsch.
  • People’s Liberation Armed Forces. (1967). History of 272nd Regiment, PLAF 9th Division. Binh Thuan: Giai Phong Publishing.

وصلات خارجية