آرثر ساكلر

(تم التحويل من Arthur M. Sackler)
Arthur M. Sackler
Arthur M. Sackler.jpg
وُلـِدArthur Mitchell Sackler
(1913-08-22)أغسطس 22, 1913
Brooklyn, New York, US
توفيمايو 26, 1987(1987-05-26) (عن عمر 73 عاماً)
New York, New York, US
التعليمDoctor of Medicine
الجامعة الأمNew York University School of Medicine
الزوج
  • Else Finnich Jorgensen (m. 1934—divorced)
  • Marietta Lutze (m. 1949—divorced)
  • Jillian Lesley Tully (m. 1981)
الأنجال4
الأقارب

Arthur Mitchell Sackler (August 22, 1913 – May 26, 1987) was an American psychiatrist, art collector, and philanthropist whose fortune originated in medical advertising and trade publications.[1][2]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

النشأة والتعليم

Born to a Jewish family[3] in Brooklyn, Sackler attended New York University School of Medicine and graduated with a M.D.[4] He also studied sculpture at The Educational Alliance and art history classes at Cooper Union.[5]

He completed an internship at Lincoln Hospital in New York City and was a resident in psychiatry at Creedmoor State Hospital.[6]


عمل الخير

Sackler built and contributed to many scientific institutions, throughout the 1970s and 1980s. His notable contributions included:

المجموعة الفنية

Sackler, who began collecting art in the 1940s, was a scholar of the arts who considered himself "more of a curator than collector" who preferred acquiring collections to individual pieces. His collection was composed of tens of thousands of works including Chinese, Indian, and Middle Eastern art as well as Renaissance and pre-Columbian pieces.[1] In a speech at Stony Brook University in New York, he discussed his idea that art and science were "interlinked in the humanities".[7] He founded galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Princeton University, the Arthur M. Sackler Museum at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology. In 1987, the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution, in Washington, D.C. was opened months after his death, with a gift of $4 million and 1,000 original artworks.[1][8][9] At the time of its donation, Sackler's collection of Chinese art that was donated to the Smithsonian was considered one of the largest collections of ancient Chinese art in the world according to a consultant for Asian affairs at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[10] Following his death, The Jillian and Arthur M. Sackler Wing of Galleries was opened at the Royal Academy of Arts,[11] as well as The Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology, opened at Peking University in 1993.[7]

الحياة الشخصية

Sackler was married three times.[4] His first wife was Else Finnich Jorgensen from Denmark; they married in 1934, had two children, and divorced. The second wife was Marietta Lutze (1919-2019)[12], co-owner of de (Dr. Kade Pharmazeutische Fabrik))[13]; married in 1949, they had two children and divorced after 25 years. His last wife until his death was Jillian Lesley Tully who directs philanthropic projects in his name through the Dame Jillian Sackler and Arthur M. Sackler Foundation for the Arts, Sciences and Humanities.[14] Sackler had four children, Carol Master and Elizabeth Sackler from his first marriage, and Arthur F. Sackler and Denise Marika from the second.[1][12]

جدال

Sackler arranged financing for his brother's purchase of The Frederick Purdue Company, a pharmaceutical company, in 1952. Following his death in 1987, his option on one third of that company was sold by his estate to Mortimer and Raymond Sackler,[15] who owned a separate company named Purdue Pharma, which eight years later began selling OxyContin.[16] Critics of the Sackler family and Purdue contend that the same marketing techniques used when Arthur consulted to pharmaceutical companies selling non-opioid medications were later abused in the marketing of OxyContin by his brothers and his nephew, Richard Sackler, contributing to the opioid epidemic.


انظر أيضاً


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

المراجع

  1. ^ أ ب ت ث Glueck, Grace (1987-05-27). "Dr. Arthur Sackler Dies at 73; Philanthropist and Art Patron". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
  2. ^ Smith, J.Y. (May 27, 1987). "Arthur Sackler dies at 73". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  3. ^ Shapiro, Edward S. (May 1, 1995). A Time for Healing: American Jewry Since World War II. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 120. ISBN 9780801851247.
  4. ^ أ ب "Arthur Sackler Dies at 73". The Washington Post. May 27, 1987.
  5. ^ "An Art Collector Sows Largesse and Controversy". The New York Times. June 5, 1983.
  6. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة role
  7. ^ أ ب "Arthur M. Sackler, M.D." National Academy of Sciences.
  8. ^ Karl E. Meyer, Shareen Blair Brysac (March 10, 2015). The China Collectors: America’s Century-Long Hunt for Asian Art Treasures. Macmillian.
  9. ^ "Sackler Art Museum to Open at Harvard". The New York Times.
  10. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة WaPo
  11. ^ "Arthur M. Sackler Foundation Donates Works of Art". Mount Holyoke College Art Museum.
  12. ^ أ ب Obituary Marietta Lutze Sackler
  13. ^ Relationshipscience
  14. ^ "Smithsonian's Sackler Gallery celebrates 25th anniversary". The Washington Post. December 2, 2012.
  15. ^ "Our Incomplete List of Cultural Institutions and Initiatives Funded by the Sackler Family". Hyperallergic (in الإنجليزية). 2018-01-11. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  16. ^ "Elizabeth A. Sackler Supports Nan Goldin in Her Campaign Against OxyContin". Hyperallergic. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-01-23.