ابل M1

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Apple M1
Apple M1.jpg
Designed byApple Inc.
Common manufacturer(s)TSMC
Min. feature size5 nm
Instruction setAArch64; ARMv8-A
Microarchitecture"Firestorm" and "Icestorm"[1]
Cores8 (4× high-performance + 4× high-efficiency)

Apple M1 is the first ARM-based system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. as a central processing unit (CPU) for its line of Macintosh computers.[2] It is deployed in the MacBook Air (M1, 2020), Mac mini (M1, 2020), and the MacBook Pro (13-inch, M1, 2020).[3] It is the first personal computer chip built using a 5 nm process. Apple claims that it has the world's fastest CPU core "in low power silicon" and the world's best CPU performance per watt.[2][4]

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العمارة[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

The M1 has four high-performance Firestorm and four energy-efficient Icestorm cores, providing a configuration similar to ARM DynamIQ and Intel's hybrid Lakefield and Alder Lake processors.[5] This combination allows power-use optimizations not possible with Apple–Intel architecture devices. Apple claims the energy-efficient cores use one tenth the power of the high-performance ones.[6] The high-performance cores have 192 KB of L1 instruction cache and 128 KB of L1 data cache and share a 12 MB L2 cache; the energy-efficient cores have a 128 KB L1 instruction cache, 64 KB L1 data cache, and a shared 4 MB L2 cache. The Icestorm "E cluster" has a frequency of 0.6–2.064 GHz and a maximum power consumption of 1.3 W. The Firestorm "P cluster" has a frequency of 0.6–3.204 GHz and a maximum power consumption of 13.8 W.[7]

Rosetta 2 dynamic binary translation technology enables M1-equipped products to run software built for Intel x86 CPUs.

The M1 uses 4266 MT/s LPDDR4X SDRAM[8] in a unified memory configuration shared by all the components of the processor. The SoC and RAM chips are mounted together in a system-in-a-package design. 8 GB and 16 GB configurations are available.

The M1 integrates an Apple-designed eight-core (seven in some models) graphics processing unit (GPU) which by Apple's claim could execute nearly 25,000 threads simultaneously and dedicated neural network hardware in a 16-core Neural Engine, capable of executing 11 trillion operations per second.[5] Other components include an image signal processor (ISP), an NVMe storage controller, Thunderbolt 4 controllers, and a Secure Enclave.


معرض صور[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

منتجات تضم Apple M1[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

الهامش[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  1. ^ Frumusanu, Andrei (November 17, 2020), The 2020 Mac Mini Unleashed: Putting Apple Silicon M1 To The Test, https://www.anandtech.com/show/16252/mac-mini-apple-m1-tested, retrieved on 2020-11-18 
  2. ^ أ ب "The Apple M1 is the first ARM-based chipset for Macs with the fastest CPU cores and top iGPU". GSMArena.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  3. ^ "New MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, Mac Mini With Apple M1 SoC". NDTV Gadgets 360 (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  4. ^ Sohail, Omar (2020-11-10). "Apple's 5nm M1 Chip Is the First for ARM-Based Macs - Boasts 2x More Performance Than Latest Laptop CPU, Uses One-Fourth the Power". Wccftech (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  5. ^ أ ب "Apple M1 Chip". Apple.com. Apple. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Here's what the future of Apple silicon Macs look like". iMore. 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2020-12-05.
  7. ^ Panzarino, Matthew. "I noticed a lot of reviews getting confused by the CPU clock and what the specs were there, here's a live dump of what the Performance and Efficiency clusters are up to during a Cinebench R23 multithread bench". Twitter (in الإنجليزية).
  8. ^ "M1 MacBook Air & Pro - EXCLUSIVE Apple Interview! | The Tech Chap - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  9. ^ "MacBook Air (M1, 2020) - Technical Specifications". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  10. ^ "Mac mini (M1, 2020) - Technical specifications". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  11. ^ "MacBook Pro (13-inch, M1, 2020) - Technical Specifications". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2020-11-13.

وصلات خارجية[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

قالب:Apple Silicon قالب:Apple hardware

تمّ الاسترجاع من "https://www.marefa.org/Apple_M1"