كارنارفون - Caernarfon

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Caernarfon Royal Town[1] [2]
Caernarfon - panoramio (43).jpg
Caernarfon Castle and quayside with Snowdonia in the distance
Caernarfon Royal Town[1] [2] is located in غوِند
Caernarfon Royal Town[1] [2]
Caernarfon Royal Town[1] [2]
Location within Gwynedd
Population9٬615 (2011)[3]
OS grid referenceSH485625
• Cardiff171 ميل (275 kم)
Community
  • Caernarfon
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCAERNARFON
Postcode districtLL54, LL55
Dialling code01286
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
53°08′N 4°16′W / 53.14°N 4.27°W / 53.14; -4.27Coordinates: 53°08′N 4°16′W / 53.14°N 4.27°W / 53.14; -4.27

Caernarfon ( /kərˈnɑːrvən/; Welsh: [kaɨrˈnarvɔn]) is a royal town, community, and port in Gwynedd, Wales, with a population of 9,615. It lies along the A487 road, on the eastern shore of the Menai Strait, opposite the Isle of Anglesey. The city of Bangor is 8.6 ميلs (13.8 kم) to the north-east, while Snowdonia fringes Caernarfon to the east and south-east. Carnarvon and Caernarvon are Anglicised spellings that were superseded in 1926 and 1974 respectively. The villages of Bontnewydd and Caeathro are close by. The town is also noted for its high percentage of native Welsh speakers. Due to this, Welsh is the predominant language of the town.

Abundant natural resources in and around the Menai Strait enabled human habitation in prehistoric Britain. The Ordovices, a Celtic tribe, lived in the region during the period known as Roman Britain. The Roman fort Segontium was established around AD 80 to subjugate the Ordovices during the Roman conquest of Britain. The Romans occupied the region until the end of Roman rule in Britain in 382, after which Caernarfon became part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd. In the late 11th century, William the Conqueror ordered the construction of a motte-and-bailey castle at Caernarfon as part of the Norman invasion of Wales. He was unsuccessful, and Wales remained independent until around 1283.

In the 13th century, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, ruler of Gwynedd, refused to pay homage to Edward I of England, prompting the English conquest of Gwynedd. This was followed by the construction of Caernarfon Castle, one of the largest and most imposing fortifications built by the English in Wales. In 1284, the English-style county of Caernarfonshire was established by the Statute of Rhuddlan; the same year, Caernarfon was made a borough, a county and market town, and the seat of English government in north Wales.[4]

The ascent of the House of Tudor to the throne of England eased hostilities between the English and resulted in Caernarfon Castle falling into a state of disrepair. The city has flourished,[when?] leading to its status as a major tourist centre and seat of Gwynedd Council, with a thriving harbour and marina. Caernarfon has expanded beyond its medieval walls and experienced heavy suburbanisation. Its population includes the largest percentage of Welsh-speaking citizens anywhere in Wales.[5] The status of Royal Borough was granted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1963 and amended to Royal Town in 1974.[6] The castle and town walls are part of a World Heritage Site described as the Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd.

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التاريخ[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Town Hall gate c.1840


انظر أيضاً[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

المراجع[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  1. ^ "How does a town get a "Royal" title?". BBC. 17 March 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Welcome to Caernarfon Royal Town Council's New Website".
  3. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  4. ^ Gareth Edwards. "Caernarfon Tourist Information". Visitcaernarfon.com. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  5. ^ "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. Welsh Language Commissioner. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017.
  6. ^ "BBC News - How does a town get a 'royal' title?". Bbc.co.uk. 17 March 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
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للاستزادة[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  • Taylor, Arnold (1997) [1953]. Caernarfon Castle and Town Walls (4th ed.). Cardiff: Cadw – Welsh Historic Monuments. ISBN 1-85760-042-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

وصلات خارجية[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

تمّ الاسترجاع من "https://www.marefa.org/كرنارڤون"