قائمة حائزي جائزة نوبل في الأدب

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية
هوراس إنگدال، الأمين الدائم السابق للأكاديمية السويدية، يعلن أن جان-ماري گوستاڤ لو كليزيو فاز بجائزة نوبل في الأدب لعام 2008

تمنح جائزة نوبل للأداب سنوياً من قبل الأكاديمية السويدية، لأي مؤلف من أية دولة على أن يكون لديه حسب قول ألفريد نوبل "إنتاج أكثر الأعمال روعة لنزعة مثالية"، العمل بهذا الشكل يشير إلى عمل المؤلف ككل ، ومع ذلك أعمال الأفراد تذكر ويشاد بها أحياناً، الأكاديمية السويدية تقرر من، لو أية شخص، سيتسلم الجائزة في أي سنة محددة، ويعلن الشخص المختار في أوائل أكتوبر من كل عام. المرة الولى لجائزة نوبل احدثت جدال واسع في بلدها الأصل السويد .حيث أن الكلمة idealisk تعني idealistic مذهب مثالى و ideal مثالي ، في سنوات مبكرة قررت اللجنة السويدية الألتزام بالمعنى الأقرب من نيةالوصية ، وترك كتاب عالميين أمثال ليو تولستوي و هنريك إبسن لم يفوزا بالجائزة ، من المحتمل لكونهم غير "idealistic" منتمين للمذهب المثالي بما يكفي,في سنوات لاحقة الكلمة عدلت لتصبح أكثر عقلانية وتحررية, والجائزة تسلم كما كان مسار الجدال دائما بهذه الطريقة.للأعمال الجديرة والباقية أختيار الأكاديمية مازال يولد جدال, خصوصا لأختيار أناس مغموريين أمثال داريو فو سنة 1997 و ألفريد جيلينيك عام 2004, جائزة نوبل ليست المعيار الوحيد لأمتيازية الأعمال الأدبية والأعمال القيمة الباقية, الناقدين لهذه الجائزة يشيروا إلى أن العديد من الكتاب البارزين لم يحصلوا على الجائزة ، وحتى لم يرشحوا لها.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

قائمة الفائزين

السنة الفائز البلد السبب
1901 Sully-Prudhomme.jpg سلي پرودوم فرنسا "in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect"[1]
1902 T-mommsen-2.jpg تيودور مومسن ألمانيا "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome"[2]
1903 Björnstjerne Björnson, 1901.jpg بيورنستيرن بيورنسون النرويج "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit"[3]
1904 Frédéric Mistral by Paul Saïn.jpg فردريك مسترال فرنسا "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist"[4]
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre.jpg خوسيه إتشيگاراي اسبانيا "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"[4]
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 02.jpg هنريك سينكيڤتش بولندا "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"[5]
1906 Carducci.jpg جوزويه كاردوتشي ايطاليا "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"[6]
1907 Kiplingcropped.jpg روديارد كبلنگ المملكة المتحدة "in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author"[7]
1908 Rudolf Christoph Eucken.jpg رودلف أوكن ألمانيا "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life"[8]
1909 Selma Lagerlöf.jpg سلمى لاگرلوف السويد "in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination and spiritual perception that characterize her writings"[9]
1910 Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel 042.jpg پول ڤون هايس ألمانيا "as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories"[10]
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck.jpg موريس ماترلينك بلجيكا "in appreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers' own feelings and stimulate their imaginations"[11]
1912 G Hauptmann.jpg گرهارت هاوپتمان ألمانيا "primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art"[12]
1913 Tagore3.jpg رابندراناث طاغور الهند "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"[13]
1914 حجبت
1915 Romain Rolland 1915.jpg رومان رولان فرنسا "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings"[14]
1916 Johan Krouthén - Porträtt av Verner von Heidenstam.jpg ڤرنر ڤون هايدنستام السويد "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature"[15]
1917 Karl Gjellerup.jpg كارل گيلوروب الدنمارك "for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals"[16]
Henrik Pontoppidan.jpg هنريك پونتوپيدان الدنمارك "for his authentic descriptions of present-day life in الدنمارك"[16]
1918 حجبت
1919 Carl spitteler 1905.jpg كارل شبيتلر سويسرا "in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring"[17]
1920 Knut Hamsun.jpeg كنوت همسون النرويج "for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil"[18]
1921 AnatoleFrance.JPG أناتول فرنسا فرنسا "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament"[19]
1922 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez.jpg جاسينتو بينابنتي اسبانيا "for the happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama"[20]
1923 William Butler Yeat by George Charles Beresford.jpg وليم پتلر يتس ايرلندا "for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation"[21]
1924 Władysław Reymont.jpg فواديسواف ريمونت بولندا "for his great national epic, The Peasants"[22]
1925 George bernard shaw.jpg جورج برنارد شو ايرلندا "for his work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty"[23]
1926 Grazia Deledda 1926.jpg گراتسيا ديليدا ايطاليا "for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general"[24]
1927 Bergson-Nobel-photo.jpg هنري برجسون فرنسا "in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented"[25]
1928 Sigrid Undset crop.jpg سيگريد أوندست النرويج "principally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages"[26]
1929 Thomas Mann 1937.jpg توماس مان ألمانيا "principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature"[27]
1930 SinclairLewis1930.jpg سنكلير لويس الولايات المتحدة "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters"[28]
1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt.jpg اريك أكسل كارلفلت السويد "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"[29]
1932 John galsworthy.jpg جون گلزورثي المملكة المتحدة "for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"[30]
1933 Buninturzhansky.jpg إيڤان بونين stateless domicile in فرنسا "for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"[31]
1934 Luigi Pirandello.jpg لويجي پيرانديلو ايطاليا "for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art"[32]
1935 حجبت
1936 Oneill.jpg أوجين أونيل الولايات المتحدة "for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy"[33]
1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1937.jpg روجه مارتين دو گار فرنسا "for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault"[34]
1938 Pearl Buck.jpg پيرل بوك الولايات المتحدة "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces"[35]
1939 FransEemilSillanpää.jpg گرانس اميل سيلانپا Finland "for his deep understanding of his country's peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature"[36]
1940 حجبت
1941 حجبت
1942 حجبت
1943 حجبت
1944 Johannes Vilhelm Jensen 1944.jpg يوهانس ڤلهلم ينسن الدنمارك "for the rare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style"[37]
1945 Gabriela Mistral-01.jpg غبريالا مسترال تشيلي "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world"[38]
1946 Hermann Hesse 1927 Photo Gret Widmann.jpg هرمان هيسه سويسرا "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"[39]
1947 André Gide01.jpg أندريه جيد فرنسا "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"[40]
1948 T S Eliot Simon Fieldhouse.jpg توماس ستيرنس اليوت المملكة المتحدة "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry"[41]
1949 William Faulkner 01 KMJ.jpg ويليام فوكنر الولايات المتحدة "for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel"[42]
1950 Bertrand Russell 1950.jpg برتراند راسل المملكة المتحدة "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"[43]
1951 Lagerkvist.jpg بار لاگركڤست السويد "for the artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind"[44]
1952 François Mauriac (1932).jpg فرانسوا مورياك فرنسا "for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life"[45]
1953 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg ونستون تشرشل المملكة المتحدة "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"[46]
1954 Ernest Hemingway 1950.jpg إرنست همنگواي الولايات المتحدة "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style"[47]
1955 Laxness portrett einar hakonarson 1984.jpg هالدور لاكسنس آيسلندا "for his vivid epic power which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland"[48]
1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez.jpg خوان رامون خيمنيز اسبانيا "for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity"[49]
1957 Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, posé au bureau, faisant face à gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg ألبير كامو فرنسا "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"[50]
1958 Pasternak.jpg بوريس باسترناك الاتحاد السوڤيتي "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"[51]
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg سالڤاتوري كوازيمودو ايطاليا "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times"[52]
1960 Saint-John Perse 1960.jpg سان جون پيرس فرنسا "for the soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time"[53]
1961 Andric Ivo.jpg إيڤو أندريتش يوغسلاڤيا "for the epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country"[54]
1962 JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG جون شتاينبيك الولايات المتحدة "for his realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception"[55]
1963 GiorgosSeferis.jpg جيورجيوس سفريس اليونان "for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture"[56]
1964 Jean-Paul Sartre FP.JPG جان پول سارتر فرنسا "for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age"[57]
1965 Sholokhov-1938.jpg ميخائيل شولوخوف الاتحاد السوڤيتي "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"[58]
1966 Agnon.jpg شموئيل يوسف عجنون إسرئيل "for his profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people"[59]
Nelly Sachs 1966.jpg نيلي ساكس ألمانيا "for her outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel's destiny with touching strength"[59]
1967 Asturias.jpg ميگل أنخل أستورياس گواتيمالا "for his vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of الهندn peoples of Latin America"[60]
1968 1954 Yasunari Kawabata.jpg ياسوناري كواباتا اليابان "for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the اليابانese mind"[61]
1969 Samuel Beckett 01.jpg صمويل بيكيت إيرلندا "for his writing, which - in new forms for the novel and drama - in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation"[62]
1970 A solzhenitsin.JPG ألكسندر سولجنيتسين الاتحاد السوڤيتي "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"[63]
1971 Pablo Neruda.jpg پابلو نيرودا تشيلي "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams"[64]
1972 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F062164-0004, Bonn, Heinrich Böll.jpg هاينريش بول ألمانيا الغربية "for his writing which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature"[65]
1973 پاتريك وايت أستراليا "for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"[66]
1974 Eyvindj.gif إيڤند جونسون السويد "for a narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom"[67]
Harry Martinson.jpg هاري مارتنسون السويد "for writings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos"[67]
1975 أوجينيو مونتالي ايطاليا "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions"[68]
1976 Saul Bellow, 1990.jpg سول بيلو الولايات المتحدة "for the human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work"[69]
1977 Vicentealeixandre.jpg ڤيسنته ألكسندر اسبانيا "for a creative poetic writing which illuminates man's condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars"[70]
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer.jpg إساك سنجر الولايات المتحدة "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"[71]
1979 Elytis, Odysseas (1911-1996).jpg أوديسو إليتيس اليونان "for his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man's struggle for freedom and creativeness"[72]
1980 Czeslaw Milosz 1998 by Kubik.jpg تشيسلاڤ ميلوش بولندا
الولايات المتحدة
"who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"[73]
1981 إلياس كانيتي المملكة المتحدة "for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas and artistic power"[74]
1982 Gabriel Garcia Marquez 1984.jpg گابريل گارسيا ماركيز كولومبيا "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts"[75]
1983 وليم گولدنگ المملكة المتحدة "for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"[76]
1984 Jaroslav Seifert grave at Kralupy nad Vltavou cemetery CZ 0008.jpg ياروسلاڤ سيفرت تشيكوسلوڤاكيا "for his poetry which endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man"[77]
1985 كلود سيمون فرنسا "who in his novel combines the poet's and the painter's creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition"[78]
1986 Soyinka, Wole (1934).jpg وولي سوينكا نيجريا "who in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existence"[79]
1987 جوزسيف برودسكي الولايات المتحدة "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"[80]
1988 نجيب محفوظ مصر "who, through works rich in nuance - now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous - has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind"[81]
1989 Portrait Cela.jpg كاميلو خوسيه ثيلا اسبانيا "for a rich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man's vulnerability"[82]
1990 Paz0.jpg أكتاڤيو پاز المكسيك "for impassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity"[83]
1991 نادين گورديمير جنوب أفريقيا "who through her magnificent epic writing has - in the words of Alfred Nobel - been of very great benefit to humanity"[84]
1992 Derek Walcott.jpg دريك والكوت جزر الأنتيل "for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment"[85]
1993 Toni Morrison 2008-2.jpg توني موريسون الولايات المتحدة "who in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality"[86]
1994 Kenzaburo Oe.jpg كنزابورو أوي اليابان "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"[87]
1995 Seamus Heaney 2004.jpg سيموس هيني إيرلندا "for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"[88]
1996 Szymborska(closeup).jpg ڤيسوافا شيمبورسكا بولندا "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"[89]
1997 Dario Fo-Cesena.jpg داريو فو ايطاليا "who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden"[90]
1998 Josesaramago.jpg خوزيه ساراماگو البرتغال "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality"[91]
1999 Grass.JPG گونتر گراس ألمانيا "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history"[92]
2000 Gao Xingjian.jpg جاو كسينگجيان فرنسا "for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama"[93]
2001 فيديادر سوراجبراساد نيپول المملكة المتحدة "for having united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories"[94]
2002 Imre Kertész (1929-) Hungarian writer II. by Csaba Segesvári.JPG إمره كرتيس المجر "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"[95]
2003 J.M. Coetzee.JPG جون ماكسويل كويتزي جنوب أفريقيا "who in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider"[96]
2004 Elfriede jelinek 2004 small.jpg الفريدي يلينيك النمسا "for her musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society's clichés and their subjugating power"[97]
2005 هارولد پنتر المملكة المتحدة "who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"[98]
2006 Orhanpamuk2 cropped.jpg أورهان باموك تركيا "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures"[99]
2007 Doris lessing 20060312 (square).jpg دوريس ليسينگ المملكة المتحدة "that epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny"[100]
2008 Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg جان ماري گوستاف لو كليزيو فرنسا "author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"[101]
2009 Herta Müller 2007.JPG هرتا مولر ألمانيا "who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"[102]
2010 Mario Vargas Llosa.jpg ماريو ڤارگاس ليوسا پيرو "لرسمه خرائط بنى السلطة ولتصويراته المتعمقة لمقاومة الفرد وثورته وانهزامه".[103]
2011 Transtroemer.jpg توماس تران‌سترومر السويد السويدية "لأنه، من خلال تصويراته الشفافة المركزة، يعطينا مدخلاً منعشاً إلى الواقع".[104]
2012 MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg مو يان الصين الصينية "لدمجه الهلوسة الواقعية مع الحكايات الشعبية، التاريخية والمعاصرة".[105]
2013 أليس مونرو.jpg أليس مونرو كندا الإنگليزية "سيدة القصة القصيرة المعاصرة"
2014 Patrick Modiano.jpg پاتريك موديانو  فرنسا الفرنسية عن"فن الذاكرة الذي عالج من خلاله المصائر الإنسانية الأكثر عصيانا على الفهم وكشف عالم الاحتلال."[106] الرواية
2015 Swetlana Alexandrowna Alexijewitsch.jpg سڤتلانا ألكسيڤيتش  بلاروس
(وُلدت في Flag of USSR.svgالاتحاد السوڤيتي)
الروسية "على أعمالها المتعددة الأصوات التي تفند معاناة عصرنا وشجاعته" [107] التاريخ، المقالة
2016 Bob Dylan - Azkena Rock Festival 2010 2.jpg بوب دايلان  الولايات المتحدة الإنگليزية "لخلقه تعبيرات شعرية جديدة داخل التقليد الغنائي الأمريكي العظيم"[108] الشعر، كتابة الأغاني
2017 Kazuo Ishiguro by Kubik.JPG كازوو إيشيگورو  المملكة المتحدة
(وُلد في اليابان)
الإنگليزية "الذي، في روايات قوة المشاعر العظيمة، كشف عن الهاوية الموجودة تحت شعورنا الوهمي بالتواصل مع العالم" الرواية
2018 (حازتها في 2019) Olga Tokarczuk (2018).jpg أولگا توكارتشوك  پولندا الپولندية "من أجل الخيال السردي مع العاطفة الموسوعية يمثل عبوراً الحدود كأحد من أشكال الحياة"[109] الرواية، القصة القصيرة، الشعر، المقالة
2019 Peter-handke.jpg پيتر هاندكه  النمسا الألمانية "لعمله المؤثره وبراعته اللغوية في اكتشاف محيط وخصوصية التجربة الإنسانية."[110] الرواية، القصة القصيرة، الدراما
2020 Louise Glück circa 1977.jpg لويز گليك  الولايات المتحدة الإنگليزية "for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal."[111] الشعر، المقالة


المصادر

عامة
  • "All Nobel Laureates in Literature". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
متخصصة
  1. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1901". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  2. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1902". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  3. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1903". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  4. ^ أ ب "Nobel Prize in Literature 1904". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  5. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1905". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  6. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1906". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  7. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1907". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  8. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1908". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  9. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1909". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  10. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1910". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  11. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1911". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  12. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1912". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  13. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1913". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  14. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1915". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  15. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1916". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  16. ^ أ ب "Nobel Prize in Literature 1917". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  17. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1919". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  18. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1920". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  19. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1921". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  20. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1922". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  21. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1923". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  22. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1924". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  23. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1925". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  24. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1926". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  25. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1927". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  26. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1928". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  27. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1929". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  28. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1930". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  29. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1931". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  30. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1932". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  31. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1933". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  32. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1934". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  33. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1936". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  34. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1937". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  35. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1938". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  36. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1939". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  37. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1944". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  38. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1945". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  39. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1946". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  40. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1947". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  41. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1948". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  42. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1949". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  43. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1950". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  44. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1951". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  45. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1952". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  46. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1953". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  47. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1954". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  48. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1955". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  49. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1956". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  50. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1957". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  51. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1958". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  52. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1959". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  53. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1960". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  54. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1961". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  55. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1962". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  56. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1963". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  57. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1964". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  58. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1965". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  59. ^ أ ب "Nobel Prize in Literature 1966". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  60. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1967". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  61. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1968". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  62. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1969". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  63. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1970". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  64. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1971". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  65. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1972". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  66. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1973". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  67. ^ أ ب "Nobel Prize in Literature 1974". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  68. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1975". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  69. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1976". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  70. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1977". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  71. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1978". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  72. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1979". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  73. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1980". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  74. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1981". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  75. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1982". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  76. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1983". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  77. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1984". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  78. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1985". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  79. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1986". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  80. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1987". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  81. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1988". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  82. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1989". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  83. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1990". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  84. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1991". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  85. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1992". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  86. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1993". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  87. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1994". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  88. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1995". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  89. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1996". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  90. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1997". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  91. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1998". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  92. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 1999". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  93. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2000". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  94. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2001". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  95. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2002". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  96. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2003". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  97. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2004". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  98. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2005". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  99. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2006". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  100. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2007". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  101. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2008". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  102. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-08.
  103. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2010". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
  104. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2011". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  105. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2012". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  106. ^ [“for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”. "Nobel Prize in Literature 2014"] Check |url= value (help). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  107. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2015". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  108. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2016" (PDF). Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  109. ^ "Nobel Prize in Literature 2018". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  110. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019". NobelPrize.org (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  111. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2020". NobelPrize.org (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 8 October 2020.

وصلات خارجية