صنيفيل ، كاليفورنيا - Sunnyvale, California

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Sunnyvale, California
City of Sunnyvale
Saturday at Sunnyvale - panoramio (cropped).jpg
Fremont High School entrance.jpg
YAHOO headquarters.jpg
Saturday at Sunnyvale - panoramio (1).jpg
Joshua Hendy Iron Works museum (cropped).jpg
Clockwise: Downtown; Yahoo HQ; Hendy Iron Works Museum; Historic Murphy Avenue; Fremont High School
علم Sunnyvale, California
Flag
الختم الرسمي لـ Sunnyvale, California
Seal
Location in Santa Clara County and the State of California
Sunnyvale, California is located in الولايات المتحدة
Sunnyvale, California
Sunnyvale, California
Location in the United States
الإحداثيات: 37°22′16″N 122°2′15″W / 37.37111°N 122.03750°W / 37.37111; -122.03750Coordinates: 37°22′16″N 122°2′15″W / 37.37111°N 122.03750°W / 37.37111; -122.03750
Country الولايات المتحدة
State كاليفورنيا
CountyFlag of Santa Clara County, California.png Santa Clara
IncorporatedDecember 24, 1912[1]
الحكومة
 • النوعCouncil–manager[2]
 • MayorLarry Klein[2]
 • Vice mayorRuss Melton[2]
 • City ManagerKent Steffens[3]
المساحة
 • الإجمالي22٫78 ميل² (58٫99 كم²)
 • البر22٫06 ميل² (57٫14 كم²)
 • الماء0٫72 ميل² (1٫86 كم²)  3.09%
Elevation125 ft (38 m)
Population
 • Total140٬081
 • Estimate 
(2019)[7]
152٬703
 • Rank2nd in Santa Clara County
36th in California
 • Density6٬922٫17/sq mi (2٬672٫64/km2)
منطقة التوقيتUTC−8 (PST)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
94085–94090
Area codes408/669 and 650
FIPS code06-77000
GNIS feature IDs1656344, 2412009
الموقع الإلكترونيsunnyvale.ca.gov

صني فيل (Sunnyvale ؛ /ˈsʌnivl,_vəl/) هي مدينة في مقاطعة سانتا كلارا، كاليفورنيا، وهي إحدى أهم المدن في سليكون فالي. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095.

Sunnyvale is the 7th most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area and one of the major cities comprising Silicon Valley. It is bordered by portions of San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfield to the northwest, Mountain View to the northwest, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, and Santa Clara to the east. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101.

As part of California's high-tech area known as Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is the headquarters location of many technology companies and is a major operating center for many more. It is also home to several aerospace/defense companies. Sunnyvale was also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station, often referred to as "the Blue Cube" due to the color and shape of its windowless main building. The facility, previously known as Sunnyvale Air Force Station, was named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka. It served as an artificial satellite control facility of the U.S. military until August 2010 and has since been decommissioned and demolished.

Sunnyvale is one of the few U.S. cities to have a single unified Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters, police officers, and EMTs, so that they can respond to an emergency in any of the three roles.

Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center.

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التاريخ[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

سوق مفتوح في أبريل 2002
Libby Water Tower, a heritage landmark in Sunnyvale[8]

When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone Native Americans.[9] However early on with the arrival of the Spaniards, smallpox, measles and other new diseases greatly reduced the Ohlone population.[9] In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was founded by Franciscan missionary Padre Junipero Serra and was originally located in San Jose (near what is now the San Jose International Airport runway).[9]



الجغرافيا[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

المناخ[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

بيانات مناخ Sunnyvale, California
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °ف (°س) 75
(23.9)
84
(28.9)
85
(29.4)
94
(34.4)
100
(37.8)
107
(41.7)
105
(40.6)
101
(38.3)
105
(40.6)
100
(37.8)
89
(31.7)
75
(23.9)
107
(41٫7)
العظمى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 59
(15)
62.2
(16.78)
65.6
(18.67)
70
(21.1)
74.3
(23.5)
78.8
(26)
80.7
(27.06)
80.8
(27.11)
80.1
(26.72)
74.3
(23.5)
64.7
(18.17)
58.6
(14.78)
70٫8
(21٫53)
الصغرى المتوسطة °ف (°س) 41.1
(5.06)
43.5
(6.39)
45.4
(7.44)
47.1
(8.39)
50.7
(10.39)
54.1
(12.28)
56.5
(13.61)
56.4
(13.56)
55
(12.8)
50.8
(10.44)
44.8
(7.11)
41
(5)
48٫87
(9٫37)
الصغرى القياسية °ف (°س) 21
(-6.1)
24
(-4.4)
22
(-5.6)
31
(-0.6)
33
(0.6)
40
(4.4)
41
(5)
44
(6.7)
41
(5)
34
(1.1)
15
(-9.4)
20
(-6.7)
15
هطول inches (mm) 3.30
(83.8)
3.56
(90.4)
2.57
(65.3)
1.15
(29.2)
0.52
(13.2)
0.12
(3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.04
(1)
0.21
(5.3)
0.90
(22.9)
2.03
(51.6)
3.10
(78.7)
17٫52
(445)
Source: Northwest Climate Toolbox[10]


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الديمغرافيا[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

التعداد التاريخي
التعداد Pop.
19303٬094
19404٬37341٫3%
19509٬829124٫8%
196059٬898509٫4%
197095٬97660٫2%
1980106٬61811٫1%
1990117٬22910�0%
2000131٬76012٫4%
2010140٬0816٫3%
تقدير 2019152٬703[7]9�0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
Standard marker at city entrances
Demographic profile[12] 2010
Total Population 140,081 (100.0%)
One Race 133,725 (95.5%)
Not Hispanic or Latino 113,564 (81.1%)
White alone 48,323 (34.5%)
Black or African American alone 2,533 (1.8%)
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 292 (0.2%)
Asian alone 57,012 (40.7%)
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 594 (0.4%)
Some other race alone 381 (0.3%)
Two or more races alone 4,429 (3.2%)
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 26,517 (18.9%)

الاقتصاد[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Yahoo! headquarters

Companies based in Sunnyvale include CrowdStrike, Fortinet, Intuitive Surgical, Juniper Networks, LinkedIn, Proofpoint, Inc., Trimble (company) and Yahoo! Inc.

أكبر أرباب العمل[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

According to the City's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Google 10,695
2 Juniper Networks Inc 5,130
3 Apple Inc 4,000
4 Lockheed Martin Space Systems 3,973
5 LinkedIn 3,261
6 A2Z Development Center Inc 3,091
7 Walmart 2,288
8 NetApp 1,680
9 Intuitive Surgical 1,526
10 Microsoft 1,409


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Twin towns – sister cities[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Until 1970, Sunnyvale had a Sister City relationship with Chillán, Chile. In 2013, the city entered into a three-year Friendly Exchange Relations Agreement with Iizuka, Japan; in July 2016 the city council voted to change this to a Sister City relationship.[14]

See also[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

References[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ أ ب ت "Sunnyvale, CA - City Council". sunnyvale.ca.gov. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  3. ^ "Office of the City Manager". City of Sunnyvale. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Sunnyvale". نظام معلومات الأسماء الجغرافية، المسح الجيولوجي الأمريكي. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Sunnyvale (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  7. ^ أ ب "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  8. ^ "Heritage Resources and Landmark Alteration Inventory" (PDF). City of Sunnyvale Heritage Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
  9. ^ أ ب ت "Historical Information - Mission Santa Clara de Asís". Santa Clara University. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  10. ^ "Northwest Climate Toolbox". Climate Toolbox. Archived from the original on May 29, 2019. Retrieved 2019-05-28.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". Census.gov. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  13. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2019". City of Sunnyvale, California.
  14. ^ Kezra, Victoria (2016-07-08). "Sunnyvale gains a new sister city in Iizuka, Japan". Sunnyvale Sun. p. 6.

External links[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

قالب:Sunnyvale, California