صرميا

هذه صفحة مكتوبة بالعربية البسيطة، انظر الصفحة الأصلية
خريطة منطقة صرميا
درع صرم، صربيا

صرميا (بالصربية: Срем, Srem; بالكرواتية: Srijem؛ بالإنغليزية: Syrmia) هي منطقة خصبة في السهل البانوني في أوروبا، بين نهري الدانوب وسافا. وتتقاسمها صربيا في الشرق وكرواتيا في الغرب.

Most of Syrmia is located in the Srem and South Bačka districts of Serbia's Autonomous Province of فويفودينا. A smaller part of the region around Novi Beograd, Zemun, and Surčin belongs to the City of Belgrade. The westernmost part is in eastern Croatia in Vukovar-Srijem.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الاسم[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

اليوم، الاسم Srijem is used in the standard Croatian language to designate the region, whereas both Srem (Cyrillic: Срем) و Srijem (بالسيريلية: Сријем) are used in the two standard varieties of Serbian. Other names for the region include:


التاريخ[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

خريطة ثقافة فوتشيدول الهندو-أوروبية تمركزت في صرميا (3000-2400 ق.م.)

كانت صرميا جزءاً من الامبراطورية الرومانية، امبراطورية الهون، مملكة القوط الشرقيين، مملكة الغبد، دولة اللومبارد، الامبراطورية البيزنطية، خاقانية الآفار، امبراطورية الفرنجة، الامبراطورية البلغارية، كرواتيا البانونية، مملكة المجر، الدولة العثمانية، ملكية هابسبورغ، الامبراطورية النمساوية، النمسا-المجر، دولة السلوفين، الكروات والصرب، مملكة صربيا، مملكة الصرب، الكروات والسلوفين، مملكة يوغسلافيا، وجمهورية يوغسلافيا الاتحادية الاشتراكية which, upon advice from the Ðilas Commission, assigned the eastern part of the region to the Federated Republic of Serbia and the western part to the Federated Republic of Croatia in 1945. الجزء في أقصى غرب صرميا يقع في شرق كرواتيا في Vukovar-Srijem، بينما أغلبية صرميا هي جزء من جمهورية صربيا.[بحاجة لمصدر]

Between 3000 BC and 2400 BC, Syrmia was a core area of Indo-European Vučedol culture.[1]

The name Syrmia derives from the name of the ancient city of Sirmium, today Sremska Mitrovica. Sirmium was originally an Celtic or Illyrian town founded in 3rd century BC and conquered by Romans in the 1st century BC. Opposing Roman rule, Illyrian tribes from the region started an uprising in AD 6 lead by Baton and Pines. Sirmium was an important city in the Roman Empire. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and one of four capital cities of the Empire. Ten Roman Emperors were born in this city or in its surroundings: Herennius Etruscus (227-251), Hostilian (230?-251), Decius Traian (249-251), Claudius II (268-270), Quintillus (270), Aurelian (270-275), Probus (276-282), Maximianus Herculius (285-310), Constantius II (337-361) and Gratian (367-383). These emperors were mostly Romanised Illyrians by origin. The Roman province Pannonia Secunda, which included Syrmia and parts of present day Slavonia and Bosnia was administered from Sirmium.


The name Syrmia derives from the name of the ancient city of Sirmium, today Sremska Mitrovica. Sirmium was originally an Celtic or Illyrian town founded in 3rd century BC and conquered by Romans in the 1st century BC. Opposing Roman rule, Illyrian tribes from the region started an uprising in AD 6 lead by Baton and Pines. Sirmium was an important city in the Roman Empire. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and one of four capital cities of the Empire. Ten Roman Emperors were born in this city or in its surroundings: Herennius Etruscus (227-251), Hostilian (230?-251), Decius Traian (249-251), Claudius II (268-270), Quintillus (270), Aurelian (270-275), Probus (276-282), Maximianus Herculius (285-310), Constantius II (337-361) and Gratian (367-383). These emperors were mostly Romanised Illyrians by origin. The Roman province Pannonia Secunda, which included Syrmia and parts of present day Slavonia and Bosnia was administered from Sirmium.



Coat of arms of Syrmia county of Croatia-Slavonia (Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary)

On 29 October 1918, Syrmia became a part of the newly independent State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, while on 24 November, the Assembly of Syrmia proclaimed the unification of Serb-populated parts of Syrmia with the Kingdom of Serbia. From 1 December 1918, all of Syrmia was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

الديمغرافيا[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Serb soldier in Syrmia in 1742

According to the 2001 census in Croatia, the population of the Croatian Vukovar-Srijem county, numbering 204,768, is composed of:[2]

الجغرافيا[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الحدود[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Srem District in Vojvodina.
Vukovar-Srijem county within Croatia.

Bordering regions[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  • Bačka to the north, across Danube
  • Banat to the east, also across Danube
  • Šumadija the south-east, across Sava
  • Mačva to the south, across Sava
  • Semberija to the south-west, across Sava
  • Slavonia to the west. The border between Syrmia and Slavonia is unclear. According to one interpretation, it runs roughly along a line through Vukovar, Vinkovci, and Županja. According to another interpretation, the border follows the Bosut, Barica and Vuka rivers.

المدن[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Map showing cities and towns in Serbian part of Syrmia.

List of cities in Syrmia (with population figures):

Petrovaradin, Sremska Kamenica, Sremski Karlovci and Beočin are geographically located in Syrmia, but they are part of South Bačka District.

البلديات[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Municipalities in the Serbian part of Syrmia:

Note: Syrmian villages of Neštin and Vizić are part of the municipality of Bačka Palanka (main part of this municipality is not located in Syrmia but in Bačka), while several settlements that are part of the municipality of Sremska Mitrovica are not located in Syrmia but in Mačva.

Municipalities and villages in the Croatian part of Syrmia:


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الجبال[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

The region's principal mountain is Fruška Gora with its highest peak of Crveni Čot at 539 m.

انظر أيضاً[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

الهامش[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  1. ^ Syrmia, vjesnik.hr; accessed 13 April 2015.
  2. ^ http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv/Popis%202001/popis20001.htm

Coordinates: 45°10′12″N 19°17′17″E / 45.170°N 19.288°E / 45.170; 19.288

تمّ الاسترجاع من "https://www.marefa.org/صرميا"