الهبوط في كيب هيلس - Landing at Cape Helles

هذه صفحة مكتوبة بالعربية البسيطة، انظر الصفحة الأصلية

Coordinates: 40°02′35″N 26°10′31″E / 40.0431°N 26.1753°E / 40.0431; 26.1753

Landing at Cape Helles
جزء من the Gallipoli Campaign
Sedd-el-Bahr from River Clyde.jpg
Sedd-el-Bahr fort seen from the bow of إس‌إس River Clyde during the landing at V Beach
التاريخ25–26 April 1915
الموقع
النتيجة See Aftermath section
الخصوم
Flag of المملكة المتحدة لبريطانيا العظمى وأيرلندا المملكة المتحدة
Flag of الجمهورية الفرنسية الثالثة الجمهورية الفرنسية الثالثة
 الدولة العثمانية
القادة والزعماء
المملكة المتحدة لبريطانيا العظمى وأيرلنداAylmer Hunter-Weston الدولة العثمانيةHalil Sami Bey
الدولة العثمانية Mahmud Sabri Bey
القوات
12 battalions 1 battalion (initial)
1 regiment (total)
الخسائر
6,500 killed and wounded[بحاجة لمصدر] 1,898 killed, wounded and taken prisoner

The landing at Cape Helles (Turkish: Seddülbahir Çıkarması) was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula by British and French forces on 25 April 1915 during the First World War. Helles, at the foot of the peninsula, was the main landing area. With the support of the guns of the Royal Navy, the 29th Division was to advance ستة ميلs (9.7 kم) along the peninsula on the first day and seize the heights of Achi Baba. The British were then to go on to capture the forts that guarded the straits of the Dardanelles. A feigned landing at Bulair by the Royal Naval Division and a real landing at Anzac Cove were made to the north at Gaba Tepe, by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps before dawn and a diversionary landing was made by French forces at Kum Kale on the Asiatic shore of the Straits. After dark another demonstration was made by the French in Besika Bay.

The Helles landing was mismanaged by the British commander, Major General Aylmer Hunter-Weston. V and W beaches became bloodbaths, despite the meagre defences, while the landings at other sites were not exploited. Although the British managed to gain a foothold ashore, their plans were in disarray. For two months the British fought several costly battles to reach the first day objectives but were defeated by the Ottoman army.

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Background[تحرير | عدل المصدر]


Allied strategy and the Dardanelles[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Sea access to Russia through the Dardanelles

Prelude[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Ottoman defensive preparations[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Map of Turkish forces at Gallipoli, April 1915


Allied plan[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Cape Helles landing beaches


V Beach[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Covering force[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

V Beach about two days after the landing, seen from the bow of River Clyde.


Main force[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Modern view of V Beach from Cape Helles. Sedd-el-Bahr (Seddülbahir in modern Turkish) is in the background with Sedd-el-Bahr fort behind it. V Beach CWGC Cemetery is in the middle of the picture.


W Beach (Lancashire Landing)[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Covering force[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

A boat carrying Lancashire Fusiliers, bound for Gallipoli. Photo by Ernest Brooks.

ملاحظات[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

الهامش[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

المراجع[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Books

  • Alexander, H. M. (1917). On Two Fronts: Being the Adventures of an Indian Mule Corps in France and Gallipoli. London: Heinemann. OCLC 12034903. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  • Aspinall-Oglander, C. F. (1929). Military Operations Gallipoli: Inception of the Campaign to May 1915. History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. I (1st ed.). London: Heinemann. OCLC 464479053.
  • Bredin, Alexander Edward Craven (1987). A History of the Irish Soldier. Belfast: Century Books. ISBN 9780903152181.
  • Broadbent, H. (2005). Gallipoli: The Fatal Shore. Camberwell, Victoria: Viking/Penguin. ISBN 0-670-04085-1.
  • Carlyon, L. (2001). Gallipoli. Sydney: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-7329-1089-7.
  • Chappell, Brad (2008). The Regimental Warpath 1914–1918. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 9780977607273.
  • Corbett, J. S. (2009) [1920]. Naval Operations. History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. I (Naval & Military Press ed.). London: Longmans. ISBN 978-1-84342-489-5. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  • Corbett, J. S. (2009) [1929]. Naval Operations. History of the Great War based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. II (2nd ed.). London: Longmans. ISBN 978-1-84342-490-1. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  • Dennis, P.; et al. (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2nd ed.). Melbourne: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2.
  • Fewster, K.; et al. (2003) [1985]. Gallipoli: The Turkish Story. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-045-5.
  • Gillon, S. (2002) [1925]. The Story of the 29th Division, A Record of Gallant Deeds (Naval & Military Press ed.). London: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 1-84342-265-4.
  • Haythornthwaite, P. (2004) [1991]. Gallipoli 1915: Frontal Assault on Turkey. Campaign Series. London: Osprey. ISBN 0-275-98288-2.
  • Holmes, R., ed. (2001). The Oxford Companion to Military History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-866209-2.
  • Howard, M. (2002). The First World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-285362-7.
  • Jerrold, D. (2009) [1923]. The Royal Naval Division (Naval & Military Press ed.). London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-1-84342-261-7.
  • Jones, H. A. (2002) [1928]. The War in the Air: Being the Story of the Part Played in the Great War by the Royal Air Force. History of the Great War based on Official Documents by Direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence. II (Naval & Military Press ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 1-84342-413-4. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  • Keegan, J. (1998). The First World War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-6645-1.
  • Patterson, J. H. (1916). With the Zionists in Gallipoli. London: Hutchinson. OCLC 466253048. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  • Thys-Şenocak, Lucienne; Aslan, Carolyn (2008). Rakoczy, Lila (ed.). The Archaeology of Destruction. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars. ISBN 978-1-84718-624-9.
  • Snelling, Stephen (1995). Gallipoli. VCs of the First World War. Stroud: Alan Sutton. ISBN 9780750905664.
  • Steel, N.; Hart, P. (2002) [1994]. Defeat at Gallipoli (repr. ed.). London: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-49058-3.
  • Strachan, H. (2003) [2001]. The First World War: To Arms. I (paperback repr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-926191-1.
  • Travers, Tim (2001). Gallipoli 1915. Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0-7524-2551-X.

مواقع إلكترونية


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للاستزادة[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Books

المواقع الإلكترونية

وصلات خارجية[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

الكلمات الدالة:
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