أكساراي

هذه صفحة مكتوبة بالعربية البسيطة، انظر الصفحة الأصلية
Aksaray
Aksaray68100.jpg
الختم الرسمي لـ Aksaray
Seal
موقع آق سراي في تركيا.
موقع آق سراي في تركيا.
Aksaray is located in تركيا
Aksaray
Aksaray
موقع آق سراي في تركيا.
الإحداثيات: 38°22′N 34°02′E / 38.367°N 34.033°E / 38.367; 34.033
CountryFlag of Turkey.svg تركيا
RegionCentral Anatolia
المحافظةآق سراي
الحكومة
 • GovernorŞeref Ataklı
 • MayorHaluk Sahin YAZGI (AKP)
المساحة
 • District4٬588٫87 كم² (1٬771٫77 ميل²)
Elevation
980 m (3٬220 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
186٬599
 • District
270٬528
 • District density59/km2 (150/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+2 (EET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
68xxx
الرمز البريدي0382
Licence plate68
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.aksaray.gov.tr

مدينة أق سراي Aksaray هي عاصمة محافظة أق سراي تقع في وسط تركيا ويبلغ تعداد سكانها حوالي 129,949 نسمة.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

المناخ[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Aksaray has a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen and either a hot summer continental climate (Dca) or hot summer oceanic (Doa) under the Trewartha classification.

بيانات مناخ آق سراي (1950 - 2014)
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
29.0
(84.2)
31.8
(89.2)
33.8
(92.8)
36.9
(98.4)
40.0
(104)
38.8
(101.8)
36.5
(97.7)
32.8
(91)
26.2
(79.2)
22.0
(71.6)
40
(104)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 5.4
(41.7)
7.2
(45)
12.4
(54.3)
17.9
(64.2)
22.8
(73)
27.0
(80.6)
30.5
(86.9)
30.4
(86.7)
26.4
(79.5)
20.6
(69.1)
13.5
(56.3)
7.6
(45.7)
18٫48
(65٫26)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 0.5
(32.9)
2.0
(35.6)
6.5
(43.7)
11.6
(52.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.4
(68.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.1
(73.6)
18.5
(65.3)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
2.5
(36.5)
12٫07
(53٫72)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -3.7
(25.3)
-2.5
(27.5)
1.1
(34)
5.5
(41.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.9
(55.2)
16.0
(60.8)
15.6
(60.1)
11.0
(51.8)
6.5
(43.7)
1.7
(35.1)
-1.5
(29.3)
6
(42٫8)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -26.4
(-15.5)
-29.0
(-20.2)
-19.0
(-2.2)
-7.5
(18.5)
-0.2
(31.6)
2.9
(37.2)
6.8
(44.2)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
-6.0
(21.2)
-14.0
(6.8)
-21.9
(-7.4)
-29
هطول mm (inches) 38.7
(1.524)
33.5
(1.319)
38.6
(1.52)
46.3
(1.823)
39.6
(1.559)
23.7
(0.933)
5.7
(0.224)
3.5
(0.138)
8.4
(0.331)
24.8
(0.976)
32.0
(1.26)
44.2
(1.74)
339
(13٫346)
Avg. precipitation days 10.1 10.2 10.4 11.0 10.2 5.9 1.6 1.3 2.7 6.1 7.5 10.7 87٫7
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[3]


المعالم[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  • Hasan Dağı – a 3,000m volcano between Aksaray and Niğde, visible from the city.
  • Aşıklı Höyük – a burial mound 25 kم (16 ميل) east of the city of Aksaray.
  • Acemhöyük [1] – an early Bronze Age settlement, 18 kم (11 ميل) north-west of the city of Aksaray.
  • The ancient Roman and Byzantine city of Nora, in the village of Helvadere near the city of Aksaray.
  • Ihlara – a canyon, 40 kم (25 ميل) from the city of Aksaray, contains ancient churches, (9th century and earlier) carved into the valley walls and decorated with frescoes.
  • Ervah cemetery in the city contains the tombs of 14th century Islamic leader Somuncu Baba and the scholar Cemaleddin'i Aksaray.
  • Zincirye Medresi, a Koranic school with a typical Seljuk portal, built by the bey of Karaman in 1345

المساجد[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  • Karamanoğlu Camii – a large mosque in the city centre.
  • Eğri Minare (Oblique Minaret) – a Seljuk Turkish minaret 1221–1236, built under the rule of Aläettin Keykubat I
  • The high church – on a steep rock 3 kم (2 ميل) from the city.

Caravanserais[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Monumental entrance of the Sultan Han

There are three monumental caravanserais in the neighbourhood of Aksaray. The best known is Sultan Han, located in the village Sultanhan about 40 kم (25 ميل) west of Aksaray. This fortified structure was built in 1229 (dated by inscription), during the reign of the Seljuk sultan Kayqubad I, by the Syrian architect Mohammed Bin Havlan El Dimaski (the work Dimasci indicating Damascus) along the trade route from Konya to Aksaray, leading to Persia (the Uzun Yolu). After it was partially destroyed by a fire, it was restored and extended in 1278 by the governor Seraceddin Ahmed Kerimeddin bin El Hasan during the reign of the sultan Kaykhusraw III. This monumental caravanserai then became the largest in Turkey. It is one of the best examples of Anatolian Seljuk architecture.

One enters the Sultanhanı in the east through a monumental 13 m high marble gate (pishtaq) projecting from the fifty-meters wide front wall. The gate is enclosed by a pointed arch decorated with muqarnas corbels and a plaiting with elegant geometric patterns. The open courtyard (44 x 58 m) was used in the summer, while the covered ones (iwans) on both side were used during the winter. In the middle of the open courtyard stands a square stoned kiosk-mosque (kösk mesçidi), the oldest example in Turkey. The mosque on the second floor sits on a construction of four carved barrel-vaulted arches. The arcades on both sides of the inner courtyard served as stables and has accommodations above.

At the other side of the courtyard is another arched entrance. It is equally decorated with a muqarnas niche, joggled voussoirs and interlocking geometric designs. The central aisle of the covered hall is covered with a barrel vault with transverse ribs. A short tower, capped by a dome, stands over the centre of the vault. This dome has an oculus, providing light and air to the hall.

سكان بارزون[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

علاقات دولية[تحرير | عدل المصدر]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

البلدات الشقيقة — المدن الشقيقة[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

Aksaray is twinned with:

مدن شقيقة محتملة

مدن شقيقة مقترحة


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الهامش[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ "Meteoroloji" (in Turkish). Retrieved 8 January 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

المراجع[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

وصلات خارجية[تحرير | عدل المصدر]

قالب:Aksaray towns and villages

Coordinates: 38°22′27″N 34°01′44″E / 38.37417°N 34.02889°E / 38.37417; 34.02889

تمّ الاسترجاع من "https://www.marefa.org/آق‌سراي"