يڠ دپرتوان أگوڠ
يڠ دِپرتوان أگوڠ (Jawi: يڠ دڤرتوان اݢوڠ) is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957 when the Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world. His queen consort is called Raja Permaisuri Agong. The couple are addressed in English as "His Majesty" and "Her Majesty".
In Malaysia's constitutional monarchy, Yang di-Pertuan Agong has extensive powers within the constitution. The constitution specifies that the executive power of the Federal government is vested in the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and is exercised by him on the advice of the federal Council of Ministers. The latter is headed by the Prime Minister, appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from among the elected members of Parliament. Among them, Yang di-Pertuan Agong has discretionary powers to choose who he wants as the Prime Minister and is not bound by the decision of the outgoing PM if no party has won a majority vote (Article 40). It, however, does not afford him the right and authority to dismiss the PM. He also can dismiss or withhold consent to a request for the dissolution of Parliament (Article 40). He may discontinue or dissolve Parliament (Article 55) but he can only dissolve Parliament at the request of the PM (Article 43). He can reject any new laws or amendments to existing laws but if he still withholds permission, it will automatically become law after 30 days from the initial submission to him (Article 66).
قائمة يڠ دپرتوان أگوڠ
الحكام التالون شغلوا منصب يڠ دپرتوان أگوڠ:
|1||عبد الرحمن من نگري سمبيلن||نگري سمبيلن دار الخصوص||31 August 1957 – 1 April 1960||24 August 1895||1 April 1960 (aged 64)|
|2||Hisamuddin of Selangor||سلانغور دار الإحسان||14 April 1960 – 1 September 1960||13 May 1898||1 September 1960 (aged 62)|
|3||Putra of Perlis||پرليس||21 September 1960 – 20 September 1965||25 November 1920||16 April 2000 (aged 79)|
|4||Ismail Nasiruddin of Terengganu||ترنجانو دار الإيمان||21 September 1965 – 20 September 1970||24 January 1907||20 September 1979 (aged 72)|
|5||Abdul Halim of Kedah||قدح دار الأمان||21 September 1970 – 20 September 1975||28 نوفمبر 1927|
|6||Yahya Petra of Kelantan||كلنتن دار النعيم||21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979||10 December 1917||29 March 1979 (aged 61)|
|7||Ahmad Shah of Pahang||پهنگ دار المعمور||26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984||24 أكتوبر 1930|
|8||Iskandar of Johor||جوهر دار التعظيم||26 April 1984 – 25 April 1989||8 April 1932||22 January 2010 (aged 77)|
|9||Azlan Shah of Perak||پيرق دار الرضوان||26 April 1989 – 25 April 1994||19 April 1928||28 May 2014 (aged 86)|
|10||جعفر من نگري سمبيلن||نگري سمبيلن دار الخصوص||26 April 1994 – 25 April 1999||19 July 1922||27 December 2008 (aged 86)|
|11||صلاح الدين من سلاڠور||سلانغور دار الإحسان||26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001||8 March 1926||21 November 2001 (aged 75)|
|12||Sirajuddin of Perlis||پرليس||13 December 2001 – 12 December 2006||17 مايو 1943|
|13||Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu||ترنجانو دار الإيمان||13 December 2006 – 12 December 2011||22 يناير 1962|
|14||عبد الحليم من قدح||قدح دار الأمان||13 December 2011 –||28 نوفمبر 1927|
|15||محمد الخامس من كلنتن||كلنتن دار النعيم||منتخب||6 أكتوبر 1969|
In addition, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the Head of Islam in the four states ruled by appointed Governors, in the three Federal Territories, as well as in his own state. In this role, he is advised by the State Islamic Affairs Council in each of the States.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints the chairman and members of each council. He also appoints the State Mufti in each of these states. There is a single Islamic Affairs Council with jurisdiction for the three Federal Territories. This council is also appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
- Regalia of Malaysia
- Yang di-Pertuan Negara
- Malay titles
- Elective monarchy
- Raja Permaisuri Agong
- Official state car
- Visu Sinnadurai, "His Majesty Sultan Azlan Shah: The Yang di-Pertuan Agong IX Malaysia", The Supreme Court Journal, Kuala Lumpur, ISSN 0128-066X. (Special issue to commemorate the installation of His Majesty Sultan Azlan Shah as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong IX Malaysia, with a lengthy description of the functions of the office)